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Download Effective Environmental Strategies for the Prevention of Alcohol Abuse amond Adolescents in Europe An overview of AAA-prevent

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  • Slide 1
  • Effective Environmental Strategies for the Prevention of Alcohol Abuse amond Adolescents in Europe An overview of AAA-prevent
  • Slide 2
  • Underage drinking worldwide problem Traffic crashes, risky driving behaviour Intended and unintended injuries Precursive to violence Associated with problem behaviours Affects brain development Associated with alcohol related disorders later
  • Slide 3
  • Europe Highest alcohol consumption among youngsters Especially in western and eastern Europe Divergent picture of prevalence rates Problematic alcohol drinking is increasing Initiation age is lowering Number of girls involved in heavy drinking is increasing
  • Slide 4
  • Preventive possibilities Understanding patterns of alcohol use Related to the country where you grow up Related to risk factors which are associated with alcohol use
  • Slide 5
  • Slide 6
  • Sample ISRD-sample (2006; see Junger-Tas et al., 2009, 2011) 57.771 youngsters 25 European countries Age 12-16 years
  • Slide 7
  • Abstinence
  • Slide 8
  • Last month life time beer
  • Slide 9
  • Last month and life time spirits
  • Slide 10
  • Binge drinking beer
  • Slide 11
  • Binge drinking spirits
  • Slide 12
  • Europe and country
  • Slide 13
  • Theory
  • Slide 14
  • Family Strong relation on adolescents use of alcohol both on how much and on how often Family structure and family control/bonding protect Family affluence as well as negative life events lead to more use
  • Slide 15
  • Alcohol use and Family Risk Factors (AOR)
  • Slide 16
  • School Strong effect on alcohol use Important setting to influence adolescent alcohol use School disorganization and social bonding show strong effects
  • Slide 17
  • Alcohol use and School Risk factors (AOR)
  • Slide 18
  • Peer Inportant domain when relation with family becomes less and with friends stronger We find here the strongest relation Delinquent friends or deviant behaviour
  • Slide 19
  • Alcohol use and Peer Risk factors (AOR)
  • Slide 20
  • Individu Low self-control and Attitudes towards violence are related to alcohol use Important factors for preventive action
  • Slide 21
  • Alcohol use and Individual Risk Factors (AOR)
  • Slide 22
  • Community/Neighbourhood Bonding to neighbourhood decrease alcohol use of adolescents Adolescents who live in disorganized neighbourhood use more alcohol
  • Slide 23
  • Alcohol use and Neighbourhood Risk Factors (AOR)
  • Slide 24
  • Multilevel analysis Influence of country on alcohol use Combination of individual variables and country variables Analyzing patterns of use
  • Slide 25
  • ICC Alcohol life time prevalence 14% Alcohol last month prevalence 9% Drunkeness 10% Binge drinking 10%
  • Slide 26
  • Multilevel class analyse as an example Alcohol use ever Alcohol use last month Drunkeness Binge drinking Abstainers
  • Slide 27
  • Latent classes traditional Abstainers (37,1%) Moderate drinkers (39,6%) Heavy drinkers (23,3%)
  • Slide 28
  • Latent classes of countries LOW drinking countries (n=12.879; N=7: Bosnia- Herz., Cyprus, France, Iceland, Norway, Portugal, Spain). low drinking countries (n=16.179; N=6: Armenia, Belgium, Italy, Russia, Slovenia, Sweden) heavy drinking countries (n=17.865; N=8: Austria, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Estonia) HEAVY drinking countries (n=10.101; N=4: Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Lithunia)
  • Slide 29
  • Multilevel classes HEAVY heavy LOW LowTotal Abstainers 16,40 (1657/2,9) 32,21 (5754/10,1) 58,77 (7686/17,4) 30,1 (6157/10,8) 37,14% (21,254) (Moderate drinkers 52,97 (5351/ 9,3) 39,05 (6976/12,2) 29,52 (3861/6,7) 44,26 (7166/12,5) 40,81% (23,354) Heavy drinkers 30,62 (3093/ 5,4) 28,74 (5135/8,9) 11,71 (1532/2,7) 17,65 (2856, 5) 22,05% (12,616) Total10,10117,86512,87916,17957,224
  • Slide 30
  • Multilevel analysis of prevention Family School Peers Individu Neighbourhood Country
  • Slide 31
  • Effective programs Target Group Age Risk Factor Method Literature Organisation Evaluation
  • Slide 32
  • Thanks! Harrie Jonkman HJonkman@Verwey-Jonker.nl Majone Steketee MSteketee@Verwey-Jonker.nl HJonkman@Verwey-Jonker.nl MSteketee@Verwey-Jonker.nl

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