edited by siddan anbazhagan s. k. subramanian xiaojun geoinformatics...geoinformatics in applied...

Download Edited by Siddan Anbazhagan S. K. Subramanian Xiaojun Geoinformatics...Geoinformatics in Applied Geomorphology. Geoinformatics in Applied Geomorphology. Edited by Siddan Anbazhagan

Post on 06-Feb-2018

217 views

Category:

Documents

4 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Edited bySiddan AnbazhaganS. K. SubramanianXiaojun Yang

    Geoinformaticsin AppliedGeomorphology

  • Geoinformaticsin Applied

    Geomorphology

  • Edited bySiddan AnbazhaganS. K. Subramanian

    Xiaojun Yang

    Geoinformaticsin Applied

    Geomorphology

  • CRC PressTaylor & Francis Group6000 Broken Sound Parkway NW, Suite 300Boca Raton, FL 33487-2742

    2011 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLCCRC Press is an imprint of Taylor & Francis Group, an Informa business

    No claim to original U.S. Government works

    International Standard Book Number-13: 978-1-4398-3049-9 (eBook - PDF)

    This book contains information obtained from authentic and highly regarded sources. Reason-able efforts have been made to publish reliable data and information, but the author and publisher cannot assume responsibility for the validity of all materials or the consequences of their use. The authors and publishers have attempted to trace the copyright holders of all material reproduced in this publication and apologize to copyright holders if permission to publish in this form has not been obtained. If any copyright material has not been acknowledged please write and let us know so we may rectify in any future reprint.

    Except as permitted under U.S. Copyright Law, no part of this book may be reprinted, reproduced, transmitted, or utilized in any form by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying, microfilming, and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without written permission from the publishers.

    For permission to photocopy or use material electronically from this work, please access www.copyright.com (http://www.copyright.com/) or contact the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc. (CCC), 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, 978-750-8400. CCC is a not-for-profit organiza-tion that provides licenses and registration for a variety of users. For organizations that have been granted a photocopy license by the CCC, a separate system of payment has been arranged.

    Trademark Notice: Product or corporate names may be trademarks or registered trademarks, and are used only for identification and explanation without intent to infringe.Visit the Taylor & Francis Web site athttp://www.taylorandfrancis.comand the CRC Press Web site athttp://www.crcpress.com

  • vii

    Contents

    Preface ............................................................................................................... viiEditors .................................................................................................................ixContributors .......................................................................................................xi

    1 Geoinformatics: An Overview and Recent Trends ............................ 1C. Jeganathan

    2 Airborne Laser Scanning and Very High-Resolution Satellite Data for Geomorphological Mapping in Parts of Elbe River Valley, Germany ...................................................................................... 23Siddan Anbazhagan, Marco Trommler, and Elmar Csaplovics

    3 Geoinformatics in Spatial and Temporal Analyses of Wind Erosion in Thar Desert ........................................................................... 39Amal Kar

    4 Remote Sensing and GIS for Coastal Zone Management: Indian Experience .................................................................................... 63Debashis Mitra

    5 Kuwait Coastline Evolution during 19892007 ................................. 87S. Neelamani, S. Uddin, and Siddan Anbazhagan

    6 Detecting Estuarine Bathymetric Changes with Historical Nautical Data and GIS .......................................................................... 105Xiaojun Yang and Tao Zhang

    7 High-Resolution Mapping, Modeling, and Evolution of Subsurface Geomorphology Using Ground-Penetrating Radar Techniques ...................................................................................119Victor J. Loveson and Anup R. Gjuar

    8 Remote Sensing in Tectonic Geomorphic Studies: Selected Illustrations from the Northwestern Frontal Himalaya, India .....141G. Philip

    9 Strain Accumulation Studies between Antarctica and India by Geodetically Tying the Two Continents with GPS Measurements ............................................................................... 163N. Ravi Kumar, E.C. Malaimani, S.V.R.R. Rao, A. Akilan, and K. Abilash

  • viii Contents

    10 Indian Ocean Basin Deformation Studies by Episodic GPS Campaigns in the Islands Surrounding India ................................ 175E.C. Malaimani, N. Ravi Kumar, A. Akilan, and K. Abilash

    11 Remote Sensing and GIS in Groundwater Evaluation in Hilly Terrain of Jammu and Kashmir ............................................... 187G.S. Reddy, S.K. Subramanian, and P.K. Srivastava

    12 Remote Sensing in Delineating Deep Fractured Aquifer Zones ................................................................................. 205Siddan Anbazhagan, Balamurugan Guru, and T.K. Biswal

    13 Remote Sensing and GIS for Locating Artificial Recharge Structures for Groundwater Sustainability ..................................... 231S.K. Subramanian and G.S. Reddy

    14 Fuzzy Arithmetic Approach to Characterize Aquifer Vulnerability Considering Geologic Variability and Decision Makers Imprecision ............................................................................. 249Venkatesh Uddameri and Vivekanand Honnungar

    15 Remote Sensing and GIS in Petroleum Exploration ...................... 269D.S. Mitra

    16 Geoinformatics in Terrain Analysis and Landslide Susceptibility Mapping in Part of Western Ghats, India ............. 291Siddan Anbazhagan and K.S. Sajinkumar

    17 Impact of Tsunami on Coastal Morphological Changes in Nagapattinam Coast, India .................................................................. 317E. Saranathan, V. Rajesh Kumar, and M. Kannan

    18 Remote Sensing for Glacier Morphological and Mass Balance Studies ...................................................................................... 335Pratima Pandey and G. Venkataraman

    19 Geomorphology and Development Mechanism of Sinkholes in Arid Regions with Emphasis on West Texas, Qatar Peninsula, and Dead Sea Area ............................................................ 349Fares M. Howari and Abdulali Sadiq

  • ix

    Preface

    Geoinformatics is the science and technology dealing with the acquisition, processing, analyzing, and visualization of spatial information. It includes remote sensing, photogrammetry, geographic information systems, global positioning systems, and cartography. The technologies in geoinformat-ics have been used in various disciplines such as geology, geography, urban planning, environmental science, and global change science. With recent innovations in data, technologies, and theories in the wider arena of remote sensing and geographic information systems, the use of geoinfor-matics in applied geomorphology has received more attention than ever. Nevertheless, there is no book dedicated exclusively to the use of geoin-formatics in applied geomorphology, a field that examines the interaction between geomorphology and human activities.

    Given the above context, a book discussing the roles of geoinformatics in applied geomorphology is timely. This book examines how modern concepts, technologies, and methods in geoinformatics can be used to solve a wide variety of applied geomorphologic problems, such as char-acterization of arid, coastal, fluvial, eolian, glacial, karst, and tectonic landforms; natural hazard zoning and mitigations; petroleum explora-tion; and groundwater exploration and management. In total, this book contains 19 chapters. Chapter 1 provides an overview of geoinformat-ics and some recent developments in this field. Chapter 2 introduces the airborne laser scanning technique applied to map fluvial landforms. Chapter 3 discusses some environmental issues in arid environments by remote sensing. Chapters 4 through 7 describe coastal zone manage-ment, coastal landform evolution, subsurface coastal geomorphology, and estuarine bathymetric change analysis. Chapters 8 through 10 deal with tectonic geomorphology. Chapters 11 through 14 discuss ground-water evaluation, artificial recharge for groundwater sustainability, deep fracture aquifer analysis, and aquifer vulnerability. Chapter 15 focuses on petroleum exploration. Chapters 16 and 17 deal with natural hazard assessment. Chapter 18 focuses on glacial landform mapping. Finally, Chapter 19 describes the development of sinkhole landforms in several different areas.

    This book is the result of extensive research by interdisciplinary experts and will appeal to students, researchers, and professionals dealing with geomorphology, geological engineering, geography, remote sensing, and geographic information systems. The editors are grateful to all those who contributed chapters and revised their chapters one or more times, as well as to those who reviewed their chapters according to our requests and

  • x Preface

    timelines. Reviewers who contributed their time, talents, and energies are as follows: Kwasi Addo Appeaning, Santanu Banerjee, T.K. Biswal, D. Chandrasekharam, Armaroli Clara, Damien Closson, Michael Damen, Daniela Ducci, G.S. Dwarakish, Mikhail Ezersky, B. Gopala Krishna, S. Muralikrishnan, Jeff Paine, Snehmani, S. Sankaran, Sridhar, K.P. Thrivikramji, P. Venkatachalam, and Weicheng Wu. This book would not have been possible without the help and assistance of several staff mem-bers at CRC Press, especially Irma Shagla and Stephanie Morkert. Thanks are also due to S. Arivazhagan and Ramesh for their invaluable help.

    Siddan Anbazh