echinodermata “the spiny skinned animals”. echinoderms the spiny skinned animals include these...

Download Echinodermata “The spiny skinned animals”. Echinoderms The spiny skinned animals include these Classes: 1.Class Crinoidea - the crinoids or “feather stars”

Post on 22-Dec-2015




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  • Echinodermata The spiny skinned animals
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  • Echinoderms The spiny skinned animals include these Classes: 1.Class Crinoidea - the crinoids or feather stars 2.Class Asteroidea - starfish (sea stars) 3.Class Ophiuroidea - brittle stars, basket star 4.Class Echinodermata - sea urchin, sand dollar 5.Class Holothuroidea - sea cucumbers
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  • Starfish (Asteroidea) Carnivores clams, mussels, bivalves Motile by way of tube feet endoskeleton made of calcareous plates (ie. Calcium carbonate) breathes through dermal skin gills
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  • Starfish arm Each arm contains a digestive gland and gonads The top of the tube feet are called ampulla, like a medicine dropper that is squeezed to create pressure Arm will regenerate if torn off = Asexual Reproduction fishermen learned this the hard way
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  • Starfish The eye of the starfish is at the end of the arms. (It is often red coloured) The anus of the starfish is on the top (aboral side) The mouth piece of the starfish is called Aristotles Lantern.
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  • Tube Feet and Mouth
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  • Star fish The water vascular systems opening is called a madreporite. It opens into a radial canal. The radial canal then goes out to the arms in radial canals. The radial canals then feed water to the tube feet.
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  • Ring Canal Digestive Gland in Arm Anus
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  • Crinoids Filter feeders some are sessile some are motile They were very common in the Paleozoic Their bodies are often found in limestone deposits
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  • Crinoid Arm
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  • Brittle Stars These are perhaps the fastest of the echinoderms. Most of them are filter feeders or detritus eaters Flexible arms, and may be offered as food to get away from predators
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  • Basket Star
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  • Brittle Star
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  • Echinoidea Lack arms eat algae or are detritus eaters usually have spines Gonads prized for sushi Bleecker tried this one as a dare and hated it!
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  • Sea Cucumbers Detritus eaters the vacuum cleaners of the sea do not have skeletal parts will eviscerate if they are scared, meaning offer up internal organs as food to distract predator
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  • Quick Notes on Echinoderm Systems Major Body Systems Digestive external digestion by lowering stomach onto prey and releasing enzymes which are absorbed. Carnivorous Starfish consume such common prey as Snails Corals Other echinoderms Herbivores such as Sea Urchins consume Algae off rocks Filter feeds are Brittle Stars and clean the ocean floor eg. Brittle Stars
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  • Respir/Circulatory Respiration use of thin walled Tube Feet act as diffusion sites for resp. and also skin Gills in some species. Circulatory due to Simple body plan, and efficient Digestive system, nutrients are carried throughout the body. Circulatory system is not Needed.
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  • Excretory/Motility Excretion wastes pass out the Tube Feet. Nitrogen wastes excreted as Ammonia, out the Anus. Sensory/Nervous no Cephalic development. Starfish have up to 200 Light sensitive cells clustered in EyeSpots of each arm. No actual eyes. For balance and hearing, Statocysts or tiny stones pass over hairs to tell the starfish up from down and sense motion or sound by vibrations in the water. Movement water pumps system with Tube feet. Suck Water in or out to grasp or release and move.
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  • Reproduction Reproduction echinos are either Male or Female. Sperm and eggs produced in the Testes or Ovaries. Symmetry of a starfish is Radial in adults, meaning if you cut it into a Chunks or many pieces, each slice is the same. Except, in the starfish larvae, they have Bilateral symmetry, just as in advanced critters like Mr. B okay not that advanced, but you know, theyre trying, okay Asexual Repro ask a Fisherman and s/he will tell you that tearing starfish into chunks is a great way to Increase their population. Each chunk will undergo regeneration and form new starfish. So, ripping them up is not a great way to reduce predation on Shellfish, which bring in a pretty-penny.
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