Eastern Religions. Buddhism Nation of Origin- Nepal Nation of Origin- Nepal Founder: Siddhartha Gautama Founder: Siddhartha Gautama Place of Worship-
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BuddhismNation of Origin- Nepal
Founder: Siddhartha Gautama
Place of Worship- Temple
Holy Book: No one book- sacred texts including the Perfection of Wisdom Sutra
Deity: No deity
Basic Tenets of BuddhismImpermanence and life sufferingComplete contentment through eliminating the attachment to worldly thingsFour Noble TruthsEightfold Path to NirvanaReincarnation
BuddhismWheel of LifeThe eight spokes equalthe eightfold path whichpoints the way to a proper life
The Eightfold Path
HinduismHindu Sanskrit word om means the sound of creation and is used to signify the divine nature of everything. It is especially used as a meditative chant
HinduismNation of Origin: India
Founder: No single founder
Place of worship: Temple
Holy Book: No one book several sacred texts including the 4 Vedas and the Puranas
Deity: 3 main gods Shiva, Brahma, and Vishnu
Siva The Destroyer
Basic Tenets of Hinduism
Trinity of godsCastes based on ritual purityUnity of all lifeReincarnation (samsara)Enlightenment when free of earthly desires (moksha)Freedom from desire comes from a lifetime of worship, knowledge and virtuous actsKarma and Dharma
IslamThis symbol was derived from the nomadic traders who roamed Saudi Arabia and Near East and saw these symbols in the clear heavens as evidence of divine presence
IslamNation of Origin: Saudi ArabiaFounder: MuhammadPlace of worship: MosqueHoly Book: Qur anDeity: God (Allah)
Basic Tenets of Islam
People reach salvation through following the 5 Pillars of Islam10 CommandmentsBelief in life after death (resurrection)Heaven and HellMonotheistic (only one god)Kinship with Judaism and Christianity
The Five Pillars of IslamStatement of Faith There is no god but Allah; Muhammad is the Prophet of God.PrayerAlmsgivingFasting RamadanPilgrimage The Hajj to Mecca
ConfucianismKung Fu-Tza or Confucius is the originator of a philosophy of social harmony. He was a teacher of gentlemanly behavior
ConfucianismNation of Origin: China
Founder: Kung Fu-tza (Confucius)
Place of Worship: none
Holy Book: The Analects, and the Five Classics
Deity: Confucius is viewed as a god by some followers
Basic Tenets of Confucianism
Social order, harmony and good environment
Respect for parents and elders
Education is important to both the individual and society
Stresses mans relationship with humankind especially family and state
Values an educated elite
DaoismYin and Yang- a long-existing symbol of unity and interplay in the cosmos.The yin and yang are borrowed by the Daoists.
DaoismNation of Origin: China
Founder: Lao Tzu
Place of worship: temple
Holy Books: Dao de Ching (Book of Reason and Virtue)
Deity: Lao Tzu
Basic Tenets of DaoismSearch for personal immortality
A person must harmonize with the Dao.
The Dao is a natural path of the universe which is ever changing. It "refers to a power which envelops, surrounds and flows through all things, living and non-living.
The Tao regulates natural processes and nourishes balance in the Universe. It embodies the harmony of opposites (i.e. there would be no love without hate, no light without dark, no male without female.)"
ShintoTorii Gate- The gate signifies the location of a Shinto Shrine and the holy spirits of Kami.
ShintoNation of Origin: Japan
Place of worship: Temple
Holy Books: None
Deity: Kami the sun goddess
Basic Tenets of ShintoNature worship and adoration of the sun goddess with emperor offspring
Nationalistic in 1920s and 1930s.
All of humanity is regarded as "Kami's child." Thus all human life and human nature is sacred.
Believers aspire to have "makoto", sincerity or true heart. This is regarded as the way or will of Kami.
Morality is based upon that which is of benefit to the group.
"Shinto emphasizes right practice, sensibility, and attitude."