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  • Slide 1
  • Early Greece and the Bronze Age Ancient Greece
  • Slide 2
  • Greece Bronze age Origins of civilization Prehistory History
  • Slide 3
  • Greece Bronze age Origins of civilization Prehistory Includes Paleolithic and other prehistorical categories History
  • Slide 4
  • Greece Bronze age Origins of civilization Prehistory Includes Paleolithic (=old stone age) and other prehistorical categories History
  • Slide 5
  • Greece Bronze age Origins of civilization Prehistory Includes Paleolithic (=old stone age) and other prehistorical categories Relies on old age of earth and very long natural history of human existence History
  • Slide 6
  • Greece Bronze age Origins of civilization Prehistory Includes Paleolithic (=old stone age) and other prehistorical categories Relies on old age of earth and very long natural history of human existence History Begins with evidence
  • Slide 7
  • Greece Bronze age Origins of civilization Prehistory Includes Paleolithic (=old stone age) and other prehistorical categories Relies on old age of earth and very long natural history of human existence History Begins with evidence Material
  • Slide 8
  • Greece Bronze age Origins of civilization Prehistory Includes Paleolithic (=old stone age) and other prehistorical categories Relies on old age of earth and very long natural history of human existence History Begins with evidence Material (bones, buildings, pots, etc.)
  • Slide 9
  • Greece Bronze age Origins of civilization Prehistory Includes Paleolithic (=old stone age) and other prehistorical categories Relies on old age of earth and very long natural history of human existence History Begins with evidence Material (bones, buildings, pots, etc.) Textual
  • Slide 10
  • Greece Bronze age Origins of civilization Prehistory Includes Paleolithic (=old stone age) and other prehistorical categories Relies on old age of earth and very long natural history of human existence History Begins with evidence Material (bones, buildings, pots, etc.) Textual (writing on metal, stone, bones, other media)
  • Slide 11
  • Greece Bronze age Major periods of Greek history: Ancient history Neolithic 5000-2500 Bronze age 2500-1100 Dark age / Iron age 1100-700 Archaic Period 700-500 Classical Period 500-350 Hellenistic Period 350-150 Roman Period 150bc 31bc
  • Slide 12
  • Greece Bronze age 3 ages we deal with in ancient history:
  • Slide 13
  • Greece Bronze age 3 ages we deal with in ancient history: Neolithic
  • Slide 14
  • Greece Bronze age 3 ages we deal with in ancient history: Neolithic Bronze
  • Slide 15
  • Greece Bronze age 3 ages we deal with in ancient history: Neolithic Bronze Iron
  • Slide 16
  • Greece Bronze age 3 ages we deal with in ancient history: Neolithic ( = new stone age) Bronze Iron
  • Slide 17
  • Greece Bronze age 3 ages we deal with in ancient history: Neolithic ( = new stone age) ~ 5000-2500 bc Bronze Iron
  • Slide 18
  • Greece Bronze age 3 ages we deal with in ancient history: Neolithic ( = new stone age) ~ 5000-2500 bc Bronze Iron
  • Slide 19
  • Greece Bronze age 3 ages we deal with in ancient history: Neolithic ( = new stone age) ~ 5000-2500 bc Bronze Technological advance in metallurgy Iron
  • Slide 20
  • Greece Bronze age 3 ages we deal with in ancient history: Neolithic ( = new stone age) ~ 5000-2500 bc Bronze Technological advance in metallurgy Lasts till the late second to early first millennium Iron
  • Slide 21
  • Greece Bronze age 3 ages we deal with in ancient history: Neolithic ( = new stone age) ~ 5000-2500 bc Bronze Technological advance in metallurgy Lasts till the late second to early first millennium Iron Another technological advance in metallurgy
  • Slide 22
  • Greece Bronze age 3 ages we deal with in ancient history: Neolithic ( = new stone age) ~ 5000-2500 bc Bronze Technological advance in metallurgy Lasts till the late second to early first millennium Iron Another technological advance in metallurgy Names based on materials in common use assume overlap
  • Slide 23
  • Greece Bronze age Comparative history (cf. timeline in your text)
  • Slide 24
  • Greece Bronze age Comparative history (cf. timeline in your text) Ages & civilizations Western civilizationEastern civilization MesopotamiaEgyptGreeceChinaIndia Neolithic~5000-2500 FloodOld kingdom / pyramids Preminoan / Minoan Indus valley civilization Bronze~2900-1100~3150-1100~3000-1100~3100-771~3300-1200 Sumer / Akkad / Hammurabi Middle and new kingdoms / Exodus (Minoan / Mycenaean civilizations) Shang / Western Zhou Harappan civilization Iron~1100-500~1300-500 ~1300s OR ~500s ~1200-180 Hittite, Assyria, Babylon New kingdom / last pharaohs Rise of polis / archaic and classical ages Western Zhou / Eastern Zhou Iron age vedic civilization
  • Slide 25
  • Greece Bronze age Material remains give their names to this relative epochal dating system
  • Slide 26
  • Greece Bronze age Material remains give their names to this relative epochal dating system Historicity relies on historiography
  • Slide 27
  • Greece Bronze age Material remains give their names to this relative epochal dating system Historicity relies on historiography Advent of hellenism in Greece (500s sq.) Writing in any language is necessary
  • Slide 28
  • Greece Bronze age Early Bronze Age 3000-2000bc Crete and mainland Greece: civilization rises because of contact with palace-kingdoms of the East 4 th millennium bc: Rise of civilization in Mesopotamia and Egypt
  • Slide 29
  • Greece Bronze age Early Bronze Age 3000-2000bc Crete and mainland Greece: civilization rises because of contact with palace-kingdoms of the East 4 th millennium bc: Rise of civilization in Mesopotamia and Egypt Early bronze-age culture in Greece exists the Aegean peoples
  • Slide 30
  • Greece Bronze age Bronze age civilizations: Cycladic (>2200-18001900-1600) Mycenaean (1600-1100)
  • Slide 31
  • Greece Bronze age Middle Bronze Age 2000-1600bc Early bronze-age peoples replaced by Indo- Europeans (cf. language) Early Greek speakers A fused Hellenic culture dependent on civilization: Herders, farmers Metallurgy Pottery and clothmaking Patrilineal and Patriarchal
  • Slide 32
  • Greece Bronze age Sources: Heinrich Schliemann (1822-1890) (Troy and Mycenae) Sir Arthur Evans (1851-1941) (Cnossus)
  • Slide 33
  • Greece Bronze age Minoans Crete a land of city-states (3000- 1900) 1900: first palace; 1700: second palace Palace is political, economic, and administrative center; focus of state and religious ceremony
  • Slide 34
  • Greece Bronze age Minoans Palace economy: redistribution and trade Requires record: WRITING (Linear A) Art and Architecture Color, painting, and bulls Eruption of Thera (1628bc)
  • Slide 35
  • Greece Bronze age Mycenaeans Late Bronze Age 1600-1100bc Chiefs evolve into monarchs Shaft graves shift to tholos tombs Cretan takeover: 1450bc 1375bc: Mycenae becomes the dominant center in Greece Mycenaean palace system, again requires WRITING: Linear B
  • Slide 36
  • Greece Bronze age Mycenaeans Walled citadels Focus on megaron (long rectangular hall) Separate small kingdoms Reach their zenith 1400-1200 In literature, the generations of the heroes (leading up to and including the heroes of the Trojan war) Cf. king lists
  • Slide 37
  • Greece Bronze age Minoan and Mycenaean religion Gods and goddesses Honored with processions, music, dance Propitiated with gifts and sacrifice Animal sacrifice Human sacrifice Pantheon (be familiar with the big 12!)
  • Slide 38
  • Greece Bronze age Warfare Wanax warrior king Heavy armor Soldiers: large shields, bronze daggers and swords, two spears, bows and arrows Mycenaean chariot
  • Slide 39
  • Greece Bronze age Decline of bronze age Greece 1200-1100 : devastation Sea peoples? Dorians? Greece settles into the Dark Age (1100-700bc)
  • Slide 40
  • Greek sources and the Bronze age Homeric epics: Iliad and Odyssey (You MUST be familiar with these) Hesiod: Theogony (to understand religion and tradition of literature for the rest of the Greek material) Works & days 109-201 (cf. Wests edition) Herodotus (Finley, 29-31) Thucydides (Finley, 218-225)