Early Buddhist Art Vocabulary

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Buddha Nirvana Karma Urna Ushnisha Mandala. Stupa Aniconic Chaityas Torana Mandala Stupa Aniconic. Early Buddhist Art Vocabulary. Early Buddhism . Buddha-the Enlightened One Indian prince, 6th century BCE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Early Buddhist ArtVocabularyBuddhaNirvanaKarmaUrnaUshnishaMandalaStupaAniconic ChaityasToranaMandalaStupaAniconicEarly Buddhism Buddha-the Enlightened One Indian prince, 6th century BCEFour Noble Truths: Everything is pain; pain is desire; extinction of desire is nirvana; following the path of Buddhism ends painAbility to create good Karma for a better rebirthEnd of rebirthing cycle is achievement of NirvanaThe Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 3rd century BCEDiagram of the Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 3rd century BCETorana, The Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 10-30 CEBoh Tree, detail of the East Torana, Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 10-30 CEYakshi, The Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 10-30 CESeated Buddha, Gandhara, Pakistan, 2nd-3rd century CEUrna-spot on head, curl of hairUshnisha-lump on top of headBuddha first depicted in human form in the 1st century BC in India and PakistanSimilarity to Roman GodsBuddhism in China-1st century CE220-589 CE, China experienced civil unrest as a result of several conflicting dynastiesBuddhism comes to China via the Silk Road from IndiaBuddha-the Enlightened One Indian princeFour Noble Truths: Everything is pain; pain is desire; extinction of desire is nirvana; following the path of Buddhism ends painAbility to create good Karma for a better rebirthEnd of rebirthing cycle is achievement of NirvanaSakyamuni Buddha, China, Zhau Dynasty, 338 CEResembles prototype of the Pakistani BuddhaMisrepresentation of meditation gestureBuddhSimilarity to Pakistani budda: flat relief folds of drapery, ushnisha, cross-legged positionHands were wrong, instead of turned upward in a typical meditation gesture, they are rubbing his belly