Early Buddhist Art Vocabulary Buddha Nirvana Karma Urna Ushnisha Mandala Stupa Aniconic Chaityas Torana Mandala Stupa Aniconic.

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Early Buddhist Art Vocabulary Buddha Nirvana Karma Urna Ushnisha Mandala Stupa Aniconic Chaityas Torana Mandala Stupa Aniconic </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Early Buddhism Buddha-the Enlightened One Indian prince, 6th century BCE Four Noble Truths: Everything is pain; pain is desire; extinction of desire is nirvana; following the path of Buddhism ends pain Ability to create good Karma for a better rebirth End of rebirthing cycle is achievement of Nirvana </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> The Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 3 rd century BCE </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Diagram of the Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 3 rd century BCE </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Torana, The Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 10-30 CE </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Boh Tree, detail of the East Torana, Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 10-30 CE </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Yakshi, The Great Stupa, Sanchi, India, 10-30 CE </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Seated Buddha, Gandhara, Pakistan, 2 nd -3 rd century CE Urna-spot on head, curl of hair Ushnisha-lump on top of head Buddha first depicted in human form in the 1 st century BC in India and Pakistan Similarity to Roman Gods </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Buddhism in China-1 st century CE 220-589 CE, China experienced civil unrest as a result of several conflicting dynasties Buddhism comes to China via the Silk Road from India Buddha-the Enlightened One Indian prince Four Noble Truths: Everything is pain; pain is desire; extinction of desire is nirvana; following the path of Buddhism ends pain Ability to create good Karma for a better rebirth End of rebirthing cycle is achievement of Nirvana </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Sakyamuni Buddha, China, Zhau Dynasty, 338 CE Resembles prototype of the Pakistani Buddha Misrepresentation of meditation gesture </li> </ul>

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