early aegean civilization october 3, 2007. minoans ca. 2000-1200 b.c. based on crete ...
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Early Aegean CivilizationOctober 3, 2007
MinoansCa. 2000-1200 B.C.Based on CretePalace at KnossosDiscovered by Arthur Evans
Minoans (2)Seafaring CultureCommercial economyTrade with EgyptRelatively peacefulKing and bureaucracy
Minoans (3)Minoans in Greek mythKing Minos and LabyrinthTheseus mythSudden collapseThera?Mycenaeans?
MycenaeansCa. 1600-1100 B.C.Inhabited the Greek mainland Numerous monarchies based in hill fortresses, palace complexes
Heinrich SchliemannAmateur archeologistWas convinced Greek epics were grounded in factExcavationsMycenaeTroy
Mycenaean CultureViolentfrequent warfareArt (pottery, weapons)Trojan War (12th c.?)Peak 1400-1200Collapse around 1100
Homer: The PoetThe importance of the poet in the cityWas Homer a real person?Head of the literary tradition for Western civilizationIliad and Odyssey: the Greeks Bible
Iliad: PlotBackgroundJudgment of ParisSeduction of HelenAchaean invasion of TroyAchilles and Agamemnon quarrelAchilles leaves the fighting
Iliad: Plot (2)Desperation of AchaeansPatroclus rallies Achaeans but is killedAchilles reenters fight, kills Hector, desecrates bodyPriam begs for Hectors body, Achilles gives inAftermath: Trojan Horse, Death of Achilles
Characters of the IliadAchilles
Themes in The IliadWarfareHonor and GloryImmortalityFateThe godsAchilles Shield