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  • C o n t r i b u t o r s : V i n c e n t C h u , P . E n g . / A r u p M u k h e r j e e , P . E n g . / T e d O l e c h n a , P . E n g . /

    S c o t t P e a k e r , P . E n g . / R a n d y P i c k l e , P . E n g . / B r i a n R o s s , P . E n g . ( C h a i r ) /

    P h i l i p S a r v i n i s , P . E n g .

    R e v i e w e r s : A n d y B o w e r s , P . E n g . / B r u c e M a t t h e w s , P . E n g . / R i c k P a t t e r s o n , P . E n g .

    Professional Engineers Ontario

    P r o f e s s i o n a l E n g i n e e r s

    R e v i e w i n g W o r k P r e p a r e d b y

    A n o t h e r P r o f e s s i o n a l E n g i n e e r

    O c t o b e r 2 0 1 1G u

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    N o t i c e : T h e P r o f e s s i o n a l S t a n d a r d s C o m m i t t e e h a s a p o l i c y o f r e v i e w i n g g u i d e l i n e s e v e r y f i v e y e a r s t o d e t e r -

    m i n e i f t h e g u i d e l i n e i s s t i l l v i a b l e a n d a d e q u a t e . H o w e v e r , p r a c t i c e b u l l e t i n s m a y b e i s s u e d f r o m t i m e t o t i m e

    t o c l a r i f y s t a t e m e n t s m a d e h e r e i n o r t o a d d i n f o r m a t i o n u s e f u l t o t h o s e p r o f e s s i o n a l e n g i n e e r s e n g a g e d i n

    t h i s a r e a o f p r a c t i c e . U s e r s o f t h i s g u i d e l i n e w h o h a v e q u e s t i o n s , c o m m e n t s o r s u g g e s t i o n s f o r f u t u r e a m e n d -

    m e n t s a n d r e v i s i o n s a r e i n v i t e d t o s u b m i t t h e s e t o P E O u s i n g t h e f o r m p r o v i d e d i n A p p e n d i x 1 .

  • 2 Reviewing Work Prepared by Another Profess ional Engineer

    Contents 1. PEO Mandate and Criteria for Guidelines ........................................................................................ 3

    2. Preface ............................................................................................................................................ 3

    3. Purpose and Scope of Guideline ...................................................................................................... 4

    4. Introduction .................................................................................................................................... 4

    5. Definitions ...................................................................................................................................... 5

    6. Reviewing Professional Engineering Work ...................................................................................... 6

    6.1 Purpose of Review ..............................................................................................................................................6

    6.1.1 Technical reviews ....................................................................................................................................7

    6.1.2 Regulatory reviews ..................................................................................................................................7

    6.1.3 Professional engineers providing reviews inside organizations ..................................................................8

    6.1.4 Pre-construction and similar reviews ........................................................................................................8

    6.2 Review Procedures ..............................................................................................................................................9

    6.2.1 General principles ...................................................................................................................................9

    6.2.2 Scope of work .........................................................................................................................................9

    6.2.3 Basis for review .....................................................................................................................................10

    6.2.4 Communications between reviewer and other parties ...........................................................................11

    6.2.5 Reporting ..............................................................................................................................................12

    6.3 Dealing with Reviewer’s Recommendations .......................................................................................................13

    6.4 Qualifications of Reviewer .................................................................................................................................14

    6.5 Ethical Obligations ............................................................................................................................................14

    6.5.1 Obligations of reviewing engineers ........................................................................................................14

    6.5.2 Obligations of an authoring engineer ....................................................................................................18

    7. Questions and Answers ................................................................................................................. 18

    Appendix 1: Amendment and Revisions Submission Form ................................................................... 20

    Appendix 2: PEO Professional Practice Guidelines and Standards ........................................................ 21

  • Profess ional Engineers Ontar io 3

    1. PEO Mandate and Criteria for Guidelines

    Professional Engineers Ontario (PEO) produces guidelines to educate licensees and the public about standards of practice. This is done to fulfill PEO’s legislated objectives. Section 2(4)2 of the Professional Engineers Act states: “For the purpose of carrying out its principal object”, PEO shall “establish, maintain and develop standards of qualification and standards of practice for the practice of professional engineering”. The association’s Professional Standards Com- mittee is responsible for developing practice standards and preparing guidelines.

    This guideline has been developed by a task group of the Pro- fessional Standards Committee (PSC), reviewed and approved for publication by the full PSC and by PEO Council.

    PEO produces guidelines to meet the following objectives, which were used to develop the content of this document.

    1. Guidelines are intended to aid engineers in performing their engineering role in accordance with the Professional Engineers Act, O. Reg. 941/90 and O. Reg. 260/08.

    2. Guidelines are intended to describe the necessary pro- cesses associated with specific professional services pro- vided by engineers. They do not aim to be short courses in an engineering subject.

    3. Guidelines provide criteria for expected practice by describing the required outcome of the process, identify- ing the engineer’s duty to the public in the particular area of practice, and describing the relationships and interactions between the various stakeholders (i.e. gov- ernment, architects, other engineers, clients).

    4. Guidelines add value to the professional engineer licence for licensed engineers and for the public by outlining criteria for professional standards of competence.

    5. Guidelines help the public to understand what it can expect of engineers in relation to a particular task within the practice of professional engineering. By demonstrat- ing the task requires specialized knowledge, higher stan- dards of care, and responsibility for life and property, guidelines help reinforce the public perception of engi- neers as professionals.

    This guideline is not intended to establish a “one method of practice for all” approach to the practice of professional

    engineering, or replace a practitioner’s professional judg- ment when providing professional engineering services. Subject to provisions in the guideline that incorporate professional conduct requirements or legal requirements, a decision by a practitioner not to follow the guideline will not, in and of itself, indicate that a member has failed to maintain an acceptable standard of work. On the other hand, following the guideline may not ensure that a mem- ber has provided services conforming to an acceptable standard. Determining whether a practitioner’s service is acceptable will depend upon the circumstances of each case.

    See Appendix 2 for a list of PEO professional practice guidelines.

    2. Preface Though professional engineers are often asked to review documents prepared by other professional engineers, PEO does not have any policies addressing this issue. Due to the large number of inquiries from members of the public, regu- latory bodies and practitioners asking for policies or advice on this practice, PSC concluded a guideline for reviewing another practitioner’s work was necessary.

    During 2005, PSC prepared terms of reference for a sub- committee comprising both practitioners and representatives from regulatory bodies who had experience as reviewers of engineering documents. This group was asked to address questions about the proper role and responsibility for profes- sional engineers conducting practice and technical reviews. The subcommittee was also instructed to prepare a guideline offering best practice recommendations for this activity.

    The subcommittee met for the first time on December 5, 2005 an

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