Durga Temple (Aihole, India) 675-725 influence of the Buddhist chaityas/ horseshoe-shaped cella

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Left: Draupadi Ratha at Mahabalipuram, 7 th century Right: Arjuna Ratha at Mahabalipuram, 7 th century ratha/ pyramidal roof (vimana)/ imitation of wood constructions. Durga Temple (Aihole, India) 675-725 influence of the Buddhist chaityas/ horseshoe-shaped cella. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Left: Draupadi Ratha at Mahabalipuram, 7th centuryRight: Arjuna Ratha at Mahabalipuram, 7th century

    ratha/ pyramidal roof (vimana)/ imitation of wood constructions

  • Durga Temple (Aihole, India) 675-725

    influence of the Buddhist chaityas/ horseshoe-shaped cella

  • Brihadishvara (or Rajarajeshvara) Temple at Thanjavur, begun 1002-3

    gopurams/ rectangular cloister/ Chola dynasty/ King Rajaraja I

  • Left: Krishna watching the gopis at their toilette, decoration from the first gopuram at ThanjavurBelow: First gopuram at Thanjavur

  • A painted gopuram from Madurai

  • Skihara from the Brihadishvara, or Rajarajeshvara, Temple at Thanjavur

    pyramidal vimana/ stupi

  • Linga gallery of the Thanjavur Temple with wall of paintings depicting scenes from the mythology of Shiva, 12th century

  • Lingaraja Temple (Bhuvanesvar, India), c. 11th-12th centuries

    ascending towers/ amalaka

  • Visvanatha Temple (Khajuraho, India), c. 1000

  • Entrance and plan to the Visvanatha Temple (Khajuraho, India), c. 1000

  • Mt. Meru/ emphasis on the exterior/ plinths/ mandapa

  • roofs of the mandapa and their pyramidal eaves

  • Tantrism/ yantra

  • Ardhanari (A composite image of male and female energy depicted as the Hindu god Shiva, with his consort Uma or Pavarti

  • Stupa at Borobudur (Java), c. 800

    use of the mandala to represent the three spheres of Buddhist cosmology

  • rectilinear base and the first four tiers /60 reliefs on the base/ jatakas and sutras on the rectilinear four tiers/ circular upper four tiers

  • dhyani Buddhas of the upper circular tiers

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