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  • DRAWING ON DRAWING IN ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION

    Byera Hadley Travelling Scholarship 2003

    FINAL SUBMISSION SEPTEMBER 2005 DAVID HOLM

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS

    CHAPTER 1..................................................................................................................................................... 5 Purpose......................................................................................................... 5

    CHAPTER 2..................................................................................................................................................... 7 The Grand Tour............................................................................................. 7 Le Corbusier [1887 1965] ................................................................................................ 10 Gunnar Asplund [1885 - 1945] ............................................................................................ 11 Alvar Aalto [1898 - 1976] .................................................................................................... 13 Louis I. Kahn [1901 - 1974]................................................................................................. 14 Alvaro Siza [1933 - ]......................................................................................................... 15 The Australian Perspective ................................................................................................. 16 Value and Imprint............................................................................................................... 17

    CHAPTER 3................................................................................................................................................... 18 Why Italy? The Crucible of Western Architecture...................................... 18 Greek and Etruscan ........................................................................................................... 18 Roman .............................................................................................................................. 18 Christian and Byzantine Architecture................................................................................... 20 Romanesque Architecture .................................................................................................. 20 Gothic Period..................................................................................................................... 21 Renaissance Architecture................................................................................................... 21 Mannerism ........................................................................................................................ 22 Baroque ............................................................................................................................ 23 Neoclassicism ................................................................................................................... 24 Fascism and Modernism .................................................................................................... 24 Precis ............................................................................................................................... 25

    CHAPTER 4................................................................................................................................................... 26 Why draw? Observing and Imagining........................................................ 26 Analysing Precedent .......................................................................................................... 27 Drawing the Imagined ........................................................................................................ 30 To draw............................................................................................................................. 33

    CHAPTER 5................................................................................................................................................... 34 Ideas and Drawing The Connection........................................................ 34 Premise............................................................................................................................. 34 Transactionalist: Engaging the Visual World ........................................................................ 35 Ecological: Appearance of the Visual World......................................................................... 36 Projective: When Order is Made.......................................................................................... 37 The Architects Way............................................................................................................ 38

    CHAPTER 6................................................................................................................................................... 39 Bibliography ............................................................................................... 39 Books ............................................................................................................................... 39 Articles.............................................................................................................................. 40

    APPENDIX I................................................................................................................................................... 41 Exemplars: interviews ................................................................................ 41

  • Methodology...................................................................................................................... 41 Practitioners Interviewed .................................................................................................... 41 Ross Bonthorne Interview 17 March 2004......................................................44 Tony Caro Interview 3 June 2004..........................................................46 Philip Cox Interview 2 June 2004..........................................................48 Richard Francis Jones Interview 6 May 2004...........................................................50 Beverley Garlick Interview 17 May 2004.........................................................52 Colin Griffiths Interview 2 June 2004..........................................................54 Peter Ireland Interview 17 March 2004......................................................56 Chris Johnson Interview 15 April 2004.........................................................58 Desley Luscombe Interview 31 May 04.............................................................60 Ken Maher Interview 4 June 2004..........................................................62 Caroline Pidcock Interview 20 May 2004.........................................................65 Alexander Tzannes Interview 19 March 2004......................................................67 Ken Woolley Interview 3 June 2004..........................................................69

    APPENDIX II.................................................................................................................................................. 72 Drawing Italy................................................................................................72

    APPENDIX III ................................................................................................................................................. 73 Current courses...........................................................................................73

  • CHAPTER 1

    PURPOSE

    This Byera Hadley Travelling Scholarship (BHTS) 2003 for Registered Architects has enabled academic research and field verification to be undertaken that will lead to the establishment of a regular study tour of secular and non-secular Italian architecture. The purpose of this scholarship is to explore and encourage the act and skill of drawing and its value to the architect.

    The origins and value of the Grand Tour as undertaken by many generations of architects and artists seeking fresh inspiration by way of travel, pilgrimage and observation is defined, reviewed and assessed. The selection of Italy as the study focus is assessed, defining its value as a geographically compact crucible of Western Architecture representing many of the icons of architectural development since the C6th BC.

    This study analyses why, as architects, we draw; considering the analysis of precedent, the drawing of record and the communication of the imagined. Understanding the differences and connections between observing and imagining is fundamental to the architects ability to communicate.

    This research explores the connection between ideas and drawing and the expression of the imagined into communicable forms, defining the connections between observation and perception, ideas and drawing; key to understanding the psyche of the architect.

    Design, which by another name is called drawing is the font and body of painting, sculpture and architecturethe root of all sciences.

    [Michelangelo, 1584, Michelangelo to Matisse: Drawing the Figure, AGNSW, 1999, p. 25]

    Informing the research is a series of interviews with seminal architects currently practicing in Sydney, Australia. These architects offer a diversity of opinion and experience on the value of drawing to an architect as well as the connection between the observed and the imagined. Full transcripts of these interviews have been included as an appendix to this document.

    Following the development of academic research, field verification occurred in Italy in October and November 2004. The purpose of this work was to analyse the

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