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<p>Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam</p> <p>Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam1</p> <p>1</p> <p>Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born on 15TH October 1931 in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. His father Jainulabdeen was a boat owner and his mother Ashiamma was a housewife. In his school, he was described as a sincere, bright and a hardworking student who had a strong desire to learn and spend hours on his studies, especially mathematics. After completing his school studies at Rameswaram Elementary School, he went on to graduate in Physics, but was not very enthusiastic about the subject. 2Introduction</p> <p>Contents3About 4Early Life and Education 5Awards and Honours 6-7BOOKS &amp; DOCUENTRIES 8Satellite launch Vehicle-3 9Death 10</p> <p>Page No.</p> <p>4ABOUTAvul Pakir Jainulabdeen "A. P. J." Abdul Kalam (15 October 1931 27 July 2015) was the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. A career scientist turned politician, Kalam was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, and studied physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and was intimately involved in India's civilian space program and military missile development efforts.[2] He thus came to be known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. He also played a pivotal organizational, technical, and political role in India's Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974.Kalam was elected as the 11th President of India in 2002 with the support of both the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party and the then-opposition Indian National Congress. Widely referred to as the "People's President,"[7] he returned to his civilian life of education, writing and public service after a single term. He was a recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour.</p> <p>5Early life and educationAvul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 to aTamil Muslimfamily in the pilgrimage centre ofRameswaramon Pamban Island, then in theMadras Presidencyand now in theStateof Tamil Nadu. His father Jainulabudeen was a boat owner andimamof a local mosquehis mother Ashiamma was a housewife.His father owned a ferry that tookHindupilgrims back and forth between Rameswaramand the now uninhabitedDhanushkodi.Kalam was the youngest of four brothers and one sister in his family.His ancestors had been wealthy traders and landowners, with numerous properties and large tracts of land. In his school years, Kalam had average grades but was described as a bright and hardworking student who had a strong desire to learn. He spent hours on his studies, especially mathematics.After completing his education at the Schwartz Higher Secondary School, Ramanathapuram, Kalam went on to attendSaint Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli, then affiliated with theUniversity of Madras, from where he graduated inphysicsin 1954.He moved toMadrasin 1955 to study aerospace engineering inMadras Institute of Technology</p> <p>Year of award or honourName of award or honourAwarding organisation1981Padma BhushanGovernment of India1990Padma VibhushanGovernment of India1994Distinguished FellowInstitute of Directors (India)1997Indira Gandhi Award for National IntegrationIndian National Congress1997Bharat RatnaGovernment of India1998Veer Savarkar AwardGovernment of India2000Ramanujan AwardAlwars Research Centre, Chennai2007King Charles II MedalRoyal Society, UK</p> <p>6AWARDS &amp; HONOUR</p> <p>Year of award or honourName of award or honourAwarding organisation2007Honorary Doctorate of Science and TechnologyCarnegie Mellon University2007Honorary Doctorate of ScienceUniversity of Wolverhampton, UK2008Doctor of Science (Honoris Causa)Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh2008Doctor of Engineering (Honoris Causa)Nanyang Technological University, Singapore2009International von Krmn Wings AwardCalifornia Institute of Technology, USA2009Hoover MedalASME Foundation, USA2009Honorary DoctorateOakland University2010Doctor of EngineeringUniversity of Waterloo2011IEEE Honorary MembershipIEEE2012Doctor of Laws (Honoris Causa)Simon Fraser University2013Von Braun AwardNational Space Society2014Doctor of ScienceEdinburgh University,UK</p> <p>7</p> <p>BOOKS &amp; DOCUENTRIESWings Of Fire: An Autobiography by A. P. J Abdul Kalam; 1999.India 2020: A Vision For the New Millennium: by A. P. J Abdul Kalam; 1998.Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India by A. P.J. Abdul Kalam; 2002.The Luminous Sparks by A. P. J. Abdul Kalam; 2004.Mission India by A. P. J. Abdul KalamInspiring Thoughts by A. P. J. Abdul Kalam; 2007Developments in Fluid Mechanics and Space Technology by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam</p> <p>8</p> <p>Satellite launch Vehicle-3Function: Small carrier rocketManufacturer: Indian Space Research OrganizationHeight: 22metre(72ft.)Diameter: 1metre(3.3ft.)Payload: 44Kilograms(88lb)Launch Site: SriharikotaEngines:1 SolidBurn time: 49 SecondsFuel: Solid</p> <p>9</p> <p> DEATHOn 27 July 2015, Kalam travelled toShillongto deliver a lecture on "Creating a Livable Planet Earth" at theIndian Institute of Management Shillong. At around 6:35p.m.IST, only five minutes into his lecture, he collapsed.He was rushed to the nearby Bethany Hospital in a critical condition; upon arrival, he lacked a pulse or any other signs of life.Despite being placed in theintensive care unit, Kalam was confirmed dead of a suddencardiac arrestat 7:45 p.m.IST.His last words, to his aideSrijan Pal Singh, were reportedly: "Funny guy! Are you doing well?"10</p> <p>11</p> <p>c Created by Tushar </p>