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12 Noticed MotionsI.INTRODUCTIONA.Scope of Chapter12.1B.Governin !a"1.Stat#tes12.22.Ca$ifornia R#$es of Co#rt12.%%.App$ica&i$it' of !oca$ Co#rt R#$es and (o$icies12.)C.Tactica$ O&*ectives12.+D.Cons#$tation ,ith C$ient12.-II.TIM. /OR MA0ING MOTIONA.Ti1in Considerations12.21.Stat#tor' and R#$e Restrictions on Ti1in of Motions12.32.Ca$c#$atin .ffect of Service on Ti1in of Motion12.4%..ffect of Service &' Methods Other Than (ersona$ De$iver'12.15B.Shortenin Ti1e12.111.B' Stip#$ation12.122.B' App$ication for Order Shortenin Ti1e12.1%C..6tendin Ti1e12.1)1.B' Stip#$ation12.1+2.B' Motion12.1-III.NOTIC. O/ MOTION AND MOTIONA.Motion Defined12.12B.Necessar' (apers12.13C.Notice of Motion and Motion12.141.(h'sica$ /or1attina.(aper7 (rint7 Spacin7 and Marins12.25&.Bindin12.21c./ooter12.222.Infor1ation Re8#ired in Captiona.Attorne' Infor1ation12.2%&.Tit$e of Co#rt12.2)c.Te$ephone Appearance12.2+d.Tit$e of Case12.2-e.Nat#re of (aper12.22f.Date7 Ti1e7 !ocation of 9earin12.23:1;Date and Ti1e12.24:2;!ocation12.%5.Na1e of 9earin Ta&$e of A#thorities12.)4).OraniBation of S#pportin Me1orand#112.+5a.Introd#ctor' State1ent> Introd#ction12.+1&.Ar#1ent:1;S#11ar' of Ar#1ent12.+2:2;Concise and (ers#asive Ar#1ent12.+%:%;App$ica&$e Stat#tes and Cases12.+):a;I1proper Use of Repea$ed or Overr#$ed !ea$ A#thorit'12.++:&;Usin A#thorit' /ro1 Corcoran v Cit& of Los An#eles:14+2; 1+% CA2d 3+27 3+-;7 or that the *#de "ho r#$es on the 1otion "i$$ see the de$a' as intended to ain an advantae or create an ine8#it'. The deree to "hich the 1otion "i$$ he$p or interfere "ith sett$e1ent possi&i$ities. The cost of 1a?in the 1otion7 in ter1s of 1one'7 effort7 ti1e7 and contin#ed a1ica&i$it' a1on co#nse$. !ess cost$' 1eas#res that 1iht achieve an accepta&$e res#$t. PRACTICE TIP: The o&*ective 1iht &e achieved &' si1p$' disc#ssin the 1atter "ith7 and o&tainin the aree1ent of7 opposin co#nse$. Man' $oca$ co#rt r#$es re8#ire the parties to C1eet and conferD to tr' to reso$ve disp#tes &efore 1a?in a 1otion. See7 e.#., Ca$ R#$es of Ct %.22)> !os Ane$es Ct R %.2+:&;:1;. The overa$$ effect of the 1otion on the *#de=s vie" of the case. I12.-D.Cons#$tation ,ith C$ientIt is #s#a$$' ood practice7 and often ood protection for co#nse$7 to disc#ss "ith the c$ient the possi&i$it' of 1a?in a 1otion. So1e factors to &e eva$#ated in decidin "hether to 1a?e a 1otion or "hat 1otion to 1a?e invo$ve 1atters that are not strict$' $ea$ eva$#ations and a&o#t "hich the c$ient 1a' have stron fee$ins7 e.#., the costs invo$ved. In an' event7 the c$ient "ho is invo$ved in the $itiation decisionE1a?in process is 1ore $i?e$' to fee$ "e$$ represented. II.TIM. /OR MA0ING MOTION M I12.2A.Ti1in ConsiderationsThere are t"o ti1in factors to consider &efore 1a?in an' 1otion@ :1; as a proced#ra$ 1atter7 "hen the 1otion can &e 1ade :inc$#din "hen papers can &e served and "hen the hearin can ta?e p$ace;> and :2; as a tactica$ 1atter7 "hen the 1otion sho#$d &e 1ade. The first factor is disc#ssed in II12.3J12.15. The second factor 1#st &e eva$#ated in the conte6t of the tactica$ o&*ectives of the entire $a"s#it :see I12.+;.I12.31.Stat#tor' and R#$e Restrictions on Ti1in of MotionsSevera$ restrictions affect the choice of the date to serve and to fi$e 1otion papers and the date to noticefor the 1otion hearin. The stat#te or r#$e that provides for a partic#$ar order 1a' set a dead$ine. .6a1p$es inc$#de the fo$$o"in@ A de1#rrer 1#st &e served and fi$ed "ithin %5 da's after service of the s#11ons and co1p$aint. CC( I)%5.)5:a;. A notice of 1otion to co1pe$ f#rther ans"ers to interroatories 1#st &e served "ithin )+ da's after service of the verified response to the interroatories :#n$ess e6tended &' the parties &' "ritten aree1ent;. CC( I25%5.%55:c;. Motions for reconsideration or to a1end an order &ased on ne" facts 1#st &e 1ade "ithin 15 da's after service of "ritten notice of entr' of the order. CC( I1553:a;. Under CC( I252).525:a;7 discover' 1otions 1#st &e heard at $east 1+ da's &efore the date initia$$' set for tria$. /or disc#ssion of discover' 1otions7 see Ca$ifornia Civi$ Discover' (ractice :)th ed Ca$ C.B;> 9and$in Motions to Co1pe$ and Other Discover' Motions :Ca$ C.B Action G#ide;. If the 1ovin papers are served or fi$ed after the appropriate dead$ine7 the co#rt can den' the 1otion as #nti1e$' and an appe$$ate co#rt can overt#rn an order rantin the 1otion.Converse$'7 so1e 1otions are #nti1e$' if 1ade too ear$'. .6a1p$es inc$#de the fo$$o"in@ A notice of 1otion for s#11ar' *#d1ent can &e 1ade no sooner than -5 da's after the adversepart'=s appearance in the action :see CC( I)%2c:a;> see chap %-;. A 1otion to dis1iss can &e 1ade no ear$ier than 2 'ears after the co1p$aint "as fi$ed :see7 e.#., CC( II)3%.)15:&;7 +3%.)25:a;:2;:B;> Ca$ R#$es of Ct %.1%)5> see chap %4;. Motions to stri?e and de1#rrers directed to the sa1e p$eadin sho#$d &e noticed for hearin si1#$taneo#s$'. Ca$ R#$es of Ct %.1%22. Reardin de1#rrers7 see chap 2%> reardin 1otions to stri?e7 see chap 2). I12.42.Ca$c#$atin .ffect of Service on Ti1in of MotionCo#nse$ 1#st a$so deter1ine ho" $on &efore the hearin on a 1otion the notice of 1otion 1#st &e served and fi$ed. ,ritten notice of hearin 1#st &e persona$$' served at $east 1- co#rt da's &efore the appointed ti1e for the hearin7 #n$ess a *#de has ranted an order shortenin ti1e. CC( I155+:&;> Ca$R#$es of Ct %.1%55:a;. On ti1in for 1ethods other than persona$ service7 see I12.15. /or so1e 1otions7 a different period 1a' &e re8#ired. See7 e.#., chap %- on s#11ar' *#d1ent 1otions.WARNING: Settin a hearin too 1an' da's in the f#t#re co#$d constit#te i1proper de$a'. See CC( I123.2:&;:1;. See I12.+.PRACTICE TIP: A$tho#h the adoption of Ca$ R#$es of Ct %.25 $i1its the $oca$ co#rts= a#thorit' to 1a?er#$es concernin 1otions7 $oca$ r#$es that are "ithin the r#$eE1a?in a#thorit' of the tria$ co#rts 1a' sti$$ affect 1otion practice. Th#s7 co#nse$ sho#$d cons#$t $oca$ r#$es or the co#rt c$er? a&o#t the appropriate depart1ent for a 1otion hearin as "e$$ as ti1es and dates on "hich the co#rt hears 1otions. See7 e.#., !os Ane$es Ct R %.):a;7 %.+ :ti1e of hearin and fi$in of papers;. I12.15%..ffect of Service &' Methods Other Than (ersona$ De$iver'Movin and s#pportin papers7 inc$#din a "ritten notice of 1otion7 1#st &e fi$ed and served at $east 1- co#rt da's &efore the hearin7 if service is &' persona$ de$iver'. CC( I155+:&;. Section 155+:&; prescri&es increases in the period of notice "hen service is &' 1ethods other than persona$ de$iver' in $ie# of the ti1e e6tension provisions of CC( I151%7 "hich do not app$' to a notice of 1otion7 opposition papers7 or rep$' papers. CC( I155+:&;.If service is by mail, the 1-Eco#rtEda' notice period is increased &' :CC( I155+:&;; + ca$endar da's if the p$ace of 1ai$in and the p$ace of address are in Ca$ifornia> 15 ca$endar da's if either p$ace of 1ai$in or the p$ace of address is o#tside Ca$ifornia t in theUnited States> and 25 ca$endar da's if either the p$ace of 1ai$in or the p$ace of address is o#tside the United States. If service is by fax, the notice period is increased &' 2 ca$endar da's. CC( I155+:&;. On fa6 service enera$$'7 see CC( I151%:e;J:f;> Ca$ R#$es of Ct 2.%55J2.%5-> II13.1-J13.22.If service is by express mail or some other method of overnight delivery, the notice period is increased &' 2 ca$endar da's. CC( I155+:&;. On service &' 1ai$ or overniht de$iver'7 see II13.3J13.12.If service is electronic, the notice period is increased &' 2 co#rt da's. CC( I1515.-:a;:);> Ca$ R#$es of Ct 2.2+1:f;:2;. On e$ectronic service7 see CC( II1515.-7 151%:;> Ca$ R#$es of Ct 2.2+5J2.2+4> II13.2%J13.)5.PRACTICE TIP: /or e$ectronic service7 CC( I1515.-:a;:); e6tends an' period of notice or an' ti1e for e6ercisin an' riht or perfor1in an' d#t' to do an act or 1a?e a response &' 2 co#rt da's7 #n$ess a stat#te or co#rt r#$e provides other"ise. A$tho#h CC( I155+:&; e6press$' states that the provisions of CC( I151% e6tendin the ti1e "ithin "hich a riht 1a' &e e6ercised or an act 1a' &e done do not app$' to a notice of 1otion7 opposition papers7 or rep$' papers :and provides its o"n e6tension periods for service &' 1ai$7 fa67 e6press 1ai$7 and overniht de$iver';7 it does not 1ention CC( I1515.- or e$ectronic service. The safest co#rse "o#$d see1 to &e to add the 2Eco#rtEda' e6tension of CC( I1515.-:a;:); to the 1-Eco#rtEda' 1ini1#1 notice period prescri&ed &' CC( I155+:&;.I12.11B.Shortenin Ti1eTo o&tain a hearin date on a 1otion that is sooner than "o#$d other"ise &e possi&$e #nder nor1a$ proced#res :see II12.2J12.15;7 a stip#$ation 1#st &e o&tained fro1 the opposin part' :see I12.12; or an order shortenin ti1e 1#st &e o&tained fro1 the co#rt :see I12.1%;.I12.121.B' Stip#$ationThe parties 1a' aree to shorten the ti1e necessar' for a notice for the hearin of a 1otion. An' stip#$ation sho#$d &e in "ritin.Before see?in or o&tainin a stip#$ation7 ho"ever7 co#nse$ sho#$d contact sho#$d the co#rt c$er? in the co#rtroo1 "here the hearin "i$$ &e he$d to $earn of an' $oca$ re8#ire1ents or practices "ith reard to s#ch stip#$ations and the ear$' settin of a hearin. Beca#se it is &est to have a stip#$ation specif' the date7 ti1e7 and p$ace of the hearin7 co#nse$ sho#$d deter1ine in advance that the co#rt can acco11odate the date7 ti1e7 and p$ace areed on &' the parties.If s#ch an aree1ent can &e reached &et"een the parties7 a stip#$ation sho#$d &e prepared7 sined7 and s#&1itted to the co#rt as pro1pt$' as possi&$e. Co#nse$ sho#$d cons#$t $oca$ co#rt r#$es or po$icies in connection "ith stip#$ations.I12.1%2.B' App$ication for Order Shortenin Ti1eIf a stip#$ation for s