diverse herbal medicines dr vijaya shastry

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Diverse herbal medicines dr vijaya shast

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  • 1. Diverse herbal medicinesbyDr Vijaya ShastryA PresentationSeries 1-Amazon

2. Series 1Amazon 3. Amazon MedicinesThe Amazon Rainforest is the home of many plants and flowers that provide us with medicines, vaccines, and other pharmaceuticals. given the rainforests teeming biological diversity, its value to humanity as a laboratory of natural phenomena and as a medical storehouse is priceless. Medical researchers claim that if the Amazon Rainforest disappears, the plants that provide medical miracles will be lost forever. 4. Traveling through the Amazon on river highways without billboards and signs, onlyknowing what waits ahead by arriving and experiencing gives rise to manyadventures both exciting and intriguing. When on one such trip, a small medicalclinic appeared with a staff of doctors and nurses treating the local inhabitants. One patient, a young boy of about ten years suffering from a brain tumor was beingtreated. visiting with the doctor he explained after traversing the rivers for almostthirty years gathering medicinal plants and indigenous remedies, he had becomeone of the foremost authorities on medicine for the Amazon. Receiving both medicaland pharmacological degrees enabled him to assimilate this diverse knowledge intoa variety of medical treatments that are highly successful not withstanding atreatment for cancer of which this young boy was successfully being treated. On the return trip finding the young boy completely healthy and cured, I madefurther inquiry into this medical doctors treatment process where upon heexplained, the treatment only required several weeks at the clinic and continuedadministration of the medicine for about a year. As 70% of the plants found activeagainst cancer come from the rainforest, like the Rosemary Periwinkle (now extinctin the wild) produces a drug known to increase the survival rate of children sufferingwith leukemia from 20% to 80%. How many more lives can be saved by otherrainforest plants? Less than 1% of the Amazons 300,000 plants have ever beenstudied, we are destroying these life saving plants faster than we can discover theirbenefits. 5. The Amazon rainforest has many differentplants that can be used as herbalmedicines. Some of the most importantmedicines come from the Amazon. Theyhave been used for hundreds andhundreds of years. These plants can bedeadly if taken in large doses, but in smalldoses they can be very helpful. They canbe used to cure headaches, skin irritation,high blood pressures, and many otherdiseases. Here are some of them. 6. The white trillium has threepetals, three sepals, and threeleaves. If the leaves are chewed, itcan help cure snake bites. If theplants petals are chewed, theycan help ease childbirth, and thesepals if chewed are used to helpcure fevers. 7. The bark of this tree is used to makeQuinine, a medicine that helps treatMalaria, a serious disease. A numberof various other chemicals can also bemade from Cinchona, and thesechemicals include cinchonine,cinchonidine and quinidine. However,quinine has been replaced by otherdrugs such as chloroquine andmefloquine, and now quinine is rarelyused to treat malaria. 8. The leaves of this plant contain digitalis, a substanceused to treat heart problems. When taken in largedoses it can produce palpitations and dizziness, butwhen taken in smaller doses it can help the heart beatmore slowly. This medicine had many effects, andsometimes it cured in miraculous ways, but it mostlyproduced violent reactions, occasionally killing becauseit was taken in very large doses. The foxglove tea isused as a morning tea to aid in birth control. 9. The opium poppy is used to makeMorphine and Codeine, two drugsthat are used as painkillers. Theopium gum may be crudely refinedand smoked, or converted tomorphine and heroin. 10. Coca has been used in folk medicine in South Americafor thousands of years both as a general stimulant andother medical purposes. The Coca plants leaves areused, while being chewed, to treat headaches, andprevent tiredness. It is also used to relieve altitudesickness, hunger, fatigue, and aches and pains. 11. Buttercups are used to help mask orrelieve pain and treat skin irritations, buttoo much can cause big skin irritations.The smell of the leaves or juice from theleaves, applied to the nostrils, is said tocure headaches. 12. Castor Beans (Ricinus communis)Castor Beans yield Castor oil, oil that if youdrink it, can help relieve constipation;however they are extremely poisonous, sothey were replaced with safer drugs. It is avery effective cathartic or purgative and isstill used to this day, however, there aremilder, less drastic methods of inducingregularity. Castor oil is also used as alubricant. It is sometimes applied as asoothing lotion for dry skin, dermatitis, otherskin diseases, sunburn, open sores, and it isthe primary ingredient of several brand namemedications. 13. Curare is a large poisonous vinerich in alkaloids. The alkaloidsrelax muscles and are used as anarrow poison. In South America, itis used to treat bruises, fever,edema, and kidney stones. It isalso used as an anesthesia. 14. Suma (Pfaffia paniculata) is a large groundvine with an extensive root system. Today,it is considered a tonic and an adaptogen.An adaptogen is a plant that helps the bodyresists adverse influences by a wide rangeof factors. In Brazil, suma root is taken tostimulate appetite and circulation, balanceblood sugar levels, and enhance theimmune system, muscular system, andmemory. Suma root has very high saponincontent (up to 11%). Saponins have avariety of effects, including lowering bloodcholesterol. 15. Clavillia is a perennial herb mainlyused to kill viruses, bacteria,fungi, and parasites. This planthas many active compounds liketriterpenes, proteins, flavonoids,alkaloids, and steroids. A group ofamino acid-based proteins calledMAPs protect against plantviruses. 16. Trumpet tree is widely used in traditional medicine in Central andSouth America. Every part of the tree is used. The plant treats adiversity of conditions, including respiratory illnesses andrheumatism. 17. Annatto/Lipstick tree has a wide variety of uses. For centuries,rainforest peoples have used the plant for things from insectrepellant to lowering blood pressure to love potions. Its traditionaluses are backed by recent research. Colombians have used extractsfrom the plant to treat snakebites. A study in 2000 confirmed this usein mice. Oil from the plant contains carotenoids (plant pigments), oneof which, Bixin, protects against UV rays. Annatto is still used todayin South America to treat heartburn. 18. The cocoa tree produces more than 150 chemicals in itsleaves, seeds, fruit, and bark. The Olmecs, Mayans, andAztecs used parts from the tree to treat anxiety, fever,fatigue, and coughs. Five hundred years ago the plantwas brought to Europe, where it was used to treatkidney stones and cuts and burns, among other things.Recent research shows that chocolate containspolyphenols, which prevent heart disease. 19. THANKSEmail mevijayarjc@gmail.comMobile Phone9819794779Asst Prof, Physical Chemistry, RJ CollegeGhatkopar,Mumbai, India