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  • 6

    District Model Land Use Plan District Varanasi Uttar Pradesh

    Final Report

    By

    Bimal Kumar

    Sponsored By State Land Use Board, Uttar Pradesh

    Department of Planning, Government of U. P. Yojana Bhawan, Lucknow 226 001

    G. B. Pant Social Science Institute Jhusi, Allahabad 211 019

    Phone: (0532) 667214, 667206, Fax: (0532) 667206, E-mail: bimal1950@rediffmail.com

  • 7

    Study Team Project Director Sri Bimal Kumar Research Assistants Mohd. Israil Sri Gyan Nath Jha Research Investigators Sri Atul Mishra Sri Sandeep Srivastava Sri Ashok Kumar Dwivedi Computer Assistant Sri Sandip Kumar Jaiswal

  • 8

    Contents

    Study Team i

    Contents ii-iv List of Tables v-xi Preface xii Location Map xiii Chapter - 1

    Introduction 1-5

    1.1 Relevance of Study 2-3 1.2 Objectives 3 1.3 Methodology 3-4 1.4 Data Source 4 Main Features of Varanasi District 5

    SECTION I

    Chapter - 2

    Population and Land Resources 6-13

    2.1 Demographic Profile 6-7 2.1.1 Settlement 6 2.1.2 Urbanisation 7 2.2 Population 7-8 2.3 Occupational Structure 8-12 2.3.1 Block-wise Analysis of Occupational Structure 10-12 2.4 Distribution of Landholdings 13 Chapter - 3 PART-A: Land Use Related to Agriculture 14-31 3.1 Net Sown Area 14 3.2 Cropping Intensity 14-15 3.3 Irrigation 15 3.4 Gross Irrigated Area as Percentage of Net Irrigated Area 15-17 3.5 Source of Irrigation 17-19 3.6 Cropping Pattern 20-23 3.7 Fertilizer Use 24 3.8 Extent of Mechanisation 24-25 3.9 Livestock 25-26

    PART-B: Land Use Plan Related to Agricultural Land 27-31

    3.10 Agricultural Projection System and Framework for Land Use Plan 29 3.11 Factors Inhibiting Growth 29 3.12 Framework for Agricultural Growth 29-31 3.13 Collective Farming Society 31 3.14 Confederation of Collective Farming Societies 31 Chapter - 4 Land Use Plan (Other than Agricultural Land) 32-59

  • 9

    PART-A

    4.1 District Level Analysis of Land Use Pattern and Land Use Plan 33-37 4.1.1 Forest 33 4.1.2 Land Put to Non-agricultural Uses 34-35 4.1.3 Barren and Unculturable Land 35 4.1.4 Culturable Waste 35-36 4.1.5 Land under Miscellaneous Trees, Crops, and Groves not

    included in Net Sown Area 36-37

    4.2 Some General Suggestions 38-43 4.2.1 District Level 38 4.2.2 Block Level 38-42 4.2.3 Village Level 42-43

    PART-B 4.2 Block-wise Analysis of Land Use Pattern and Land Use Plan 44-59 4.3.1 Block Baragaon 44-45 4.3.2 Block Pindara 46-47 4.3.3 Block Cholapur 48-49 4.3.4 Block Chiraigaon 50-51 4.3.5 Block Harahua 52-53 4.3.6 Block Sevapuri 54-55 4.3.7 Block Araziline 56-57 4.3.8 Block Kashi Vidya Peeth 58-59

    SECTION II Chapter - 5 Village Level Plan (Based on Village Level Survey) 60-130 5.1 Village Study I (Village-Gopalpur, Block-Kashi Vidya Peeth) 61-77 (A) Village Profile 61-65 5.1.1 Land Use Pattern 61 5.1.2 Demographic Profile 62 5.1.3 Land Ownership 63 5.1.4 Occupational Structure 64 5.1.5 Livestock 65 5.1.6 Housing Condition 65

    (B) Responses of Selected Households in Village Gopalpur 66-76

    5.1.7 Change in Size of Land Holding 66-67 5.1.8 Conversion of Agricultural Land for Non-agricultural Purposes 68 5.1.9 Land Reclamation 69 5.1.10 Water Harvesting 70-71 5.1.11 Orchards 72-73 5.1.12 Livestock 74 5.1.13 Agriculture 75-76

    (C) Land Use Plan for Gopalpur Village 77

    5.2 Village Study II (Village-Tarapur, Block-Kashi Vidya Peeth) 78-95 (A) Village Profile 78-82 5.2.1 Land Use Pattern 78 5.2.2 Demographic Profile 79 5.2.3 Land Ownership 80 5.2.4 Occupational Structure 81

  • 10

    5.2.5 Livestock 82 5.2.6 Housing Condition 82

    (B) Responses of Selected Households in Village Tarapur 83-93

    5.2.7 Change in Size of Land Holding 83-84 5.2.8 Conversion of Agricultural Land for Non-agricultural Purposes 85 5.2.9 Land Reclamation 86 5.2.10 Water Harvesting 87-88 5.2.11 Orchards 89-90 5.2.12 Livestock 91 5.2.13 Agriculture 92-93

    (C) Land Use Plan for Tarapur Village 94-95

    5.3 Village Study III (Village - Aswalpur, Block Pindara) 96-112 (A) Village Profile 96-100 5.3.1 Land Use Pattern 96 5.3.2 Demographic Profile 97 5.3.3 Land Ownership 98 5.3.4 Occupational Structure 99 5.3.5 Livestock 100 5.3.6 Housing Condition 100

    (B) Responses of Selected Households in Village Aswalpur 101-111

    5.3.7 Change in Size of Land Holding 101-102 5.3.8 Conversion of Agricultural Land for Non-agricultural Purposes 103 5.3.9 Land Reclamation 104 5.3.10 Water Harvesting 105-106 5.3.11 Orchards 107-108 5.3.12 Livestock 109 5.3.13 Agriculture 110-111

    (C) Land Use Plan for Aswalpur Village 112

    5.4 Village Study IV (Village - Boonchi, Block Pindara) 113-130 (A) Village Profile 113-117 5.4.1 Land Use Pattern 113 5.4.2 Demographic Profile 114 5.4.3 Land Ownership 115 5.4.4 Occupational Structure 116 5.4.5 Livestock 117 5.4.6 Housing Condition 117

    (B) Responses of Selected Households in Village Boonchi 118-128

    5.4.7 Change in Size of Land Holding 118-119 5.4.8 Conversion of Agricultural Land for Non-agricultural Purposes 120 5.4.9 Land Reclamation 121 5.4.10 Water Harvesting 122-123 5.4.11 Orchards 124-125 5.4.12 Livestock 126 5.4.13 Agriculture 127-128

    (C) Land Use Plan for Boonchi Village 129-130

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    Chapter - 6 Conclusion and Suggestions

    131-158

    6.1 Land Use Plan Related to Agricultural Land

    131-136

    6.2 District Level Analysis of Land Use Pattern and Land

    Use Plan (Other than Agricultural Land)

    136-140

    6.3 Some General Suggestions

    140-146

    6.3.1 District Level

    140

    6.3.2 Block Level

    141-144

    6.3.3 Village Level

    144-146

    6.4 Block Level Plan for Year 2010

    147-154

    6.5 Village Level Plans for Selected Villages

    155-158

    6.5.1 Land Use Plan for Gopalpur Village

    155

    6.5.2 Land Use Plan for Tarapur Village

    155-156

    6.5.3 Land Use Plan for Aswalpur Village

    156

    6.5.4 Land Use Plan for Boonchi Village

    157-158

    Appendix-1 List of Harbal Plants 159-167Appendix-2 xzg u{k= okfVdkvksa dk jksi.k 168-169

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    List of Tables

    Tables Title Page. No.

    2.1.1 Settlement Profile of the District Varanasi 62.2.1 Growth Rate of Population in District Varanasi 72.2.2 Demographic Profile of the District Varanasi 82.3 Classification of Workers in the District Varanasi (In percent) 92.3.1 Block-wise Distribution of Workers by Economic Category in Varanasi

    District, (in percent) 12

    2.4.1 Distribution of Landholding (Size & Area) in Varanasi District, 1995-96 132.4.2 Block-wise Distribution of Landholding (Size & Area) in Varanasi District,

    1982 (In percent) 13

    3.1 Year-wise Irrigation and Cropping Intensity of Varanasi District 163.1.1 Block-wise Net Sown Area in Varanasi District 163.1.2 Block-wise Cropping Intensity in Varanasi District 163.1.3 Block-wise Irrigation Intensity in Varanasi District 163.1.4 Block-wise Gross Irrigated Area as % of Net Irrigated Area 173.2 Year-wise Irrigated Area by Different Sources in Varanasi District, (in

    Percent) 18

    3.2.1 Block-wise Irrigated Area by Different Sources in Varanasi District (in Percent)

    19

    3.3 Area Under Major Crops and Productivity (as percentage of net sown area) (Qt./Hectare) in Varanasi District

    22

    3.3.1 Block-wise Cropping Pattern in Varanasi District, (in Percent) 22-233.4 Block-wise Use of Fertiliser in Varanasi District (in MT) 243.5 Block-wise Technology Available in Varanasi District 253.6 Block-wise Details of Livestock in Varanasi District 264.1 Total Reporting Area (TRA) and Land Use Pattern in Varanasi District, (in

    percent) 37

    4.3.1 Total Reporting Area (TRA) and Land Use Pattern in Baragaon Block (in percent)

    45

    4.3.2 Total Reporting Area (TRA) and Land Use Pattern in Pindara Block (in percent)

    47

    4.3.3 Total Reporting Area (TRA) and Land Use Pattern in Cholapur Block (in percent)

    48

    4.3.4 Total Reporting Area (TRA) and Land Use Pattern in Chiraigaon Block (in percent)

    51

    4.3.5 Total Reporting Area (TRA) and Land Use Pattern in Harahuwa Block (in percent)

    53

    4.3.6 Total Reporting Area (TRA) and Land Use Pattern in Shivpuri Block (in percent)

    55

    4.3.7 Total Reporting Area (TRA) and Land Use Pattern in Araziline Block (in percent)

    57

    4.3.8 Total Reporting Area (TRA) and Land Use Pattern in Kasi Vidya Peeth Block (in percent)

    59

    5.1.1 Land Use Pattern in the Gopalpur Village of the Varanasi District 615.1.2.1 Caste and Gender-wise Distribution of Population in the Village Gopalpur 625.1.2.2 Caste and Gender-wise Distribution of Education in the Village Gopalpur 625.1.3.1 Distribution of Per Family/Per Adult Size of Landholdings in Different Size

    Groups in the Village Gopalpur 63

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    5.1.3.2 Caste-wise Distribution of Landholdings in Different Size Groups in the Village Gopalpur

    63

    5.1.4.1 Present and Past Occupations of Households in the Village Gopalpur 64 5.1.4.2 Caste and Gender-wise Distribution of Occupation of Workers in the Village

    Gopalpur 64

    5.1.5 Distribution of Animal in Different Categories of Landholding Size Groups Households in the Village Gopalpur

    65

    5.1.6 Caste-wise Distribution of Housing Condition in the Village Gopalpur 655.1.7.1 Caste and Landholding wise Distribution of Selected Households in Villages

    Gopalpur 66

    5.1.7.2 Reason of Changes in Total Land Owned During the Last 20 year