Development of the Balkan Countries: Where Does the European Responsibility Lie?

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The Agricultural Ecomomics Society and the European Association of Agricultural Economists 2006point de vuebyDanilo Tomi and Biljana UmieviDevelopment of the Balkan Countries: Where Does the European Responsibility Lie?Le dveloppement des pays balkaniques : o se situent les responsabilits europennes ? Entwicklung der Balkanlnder: Worin liegt die europische Verantwortung?38 EuroChoices 5(1)5-1_06TomicPDV.indd 385-1_06TomicPDV.indd 38 24/04/2006 10:49:4824/04/2006 10:49:48 The Agricultural Ecomomics Society and the European Association of Agricultural Economists 2006At this stage in its development, Europe faces special challenges. Europe has a long and rich historical, political, cultural, social, and economic tradition. Its distinguishing feature is its mixture of peoples, cultures and religions. A united Europe, of the form that we might describe as an open workshop, is a challenge for 21st century management. By setting aside near-sighted and untamed capitalism, and by introducing the principles of an integrated economy, we can all step into a peace-oriented and prosperous Europe of the future. By acting constructively, Europe can make considerable contributions to the development of future global models. Principles of solidarity, sustainability and support applied within Europe are precious contributions to global strategies. The language of Europe in global decision-making is clear and true and this can contribute to the formation of new unions and peaceful development in the future. What can the Balkan experience offer? This region is rich in natural resources and labour potential for accelerated economic and agricultural development. It is in this area that continental and Mediterranean climates meet. Followers of different religions Orthodox, Catholic, Islam live here. The European and Asian civilizations meet in this region, and the infl uences and consequences of the Byzantine, Roman, Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian Empires can be felt, as well as the strong infl uence of the communist ideology of the past 60 years. This region offers not only labour and production potential, but also 60 million food consumers. Some of these countries, moreover, are important tourist destinations.The Balkan countries have been challenged. Our task is to take up the challenges and utilize the European model of development. If the Balkan countries wish to integrate into the EU there are certain things we must do, especially in the fi elds of rural and agricultural development: (a) take advantage of free trade zones amongst South East European countries and at the same time increase the rate of foreign direct investment and joint ventures; (b) encourage team work amongst domestic and foreign experts on crucial agricultural and rural development problems including investments in production, improvements in processing and marketing, education of farmers, cooperative farms unions, environmental issues, and the phytosanitary and zootechnic protection of plants and animals; (c) we need education reforms as soon as possible at all levels, following the principles of the Bologna declaration, and leaders in the various agri-food and rural agencies should have access to the results of the latest scientifi c research to enable them to lead the way in agricultural and rural development; (d) intensify efforts to launch Long-term Programmes of Agricultural and Rural Development for each country in the Balkan region, with clearly defi ned aims, directions, measures and dynamism of implementation, in line with the Der entschei-dende Faktor zur Beschrnkung der allgemeinen Auswirkungen auf die Produktion ist der Umfang, im welchem die Industrie ihre Kostenbasis restruktu-rieren und verringern kann. 39EuroChoices 5(1) 5-1_06TomicPDV.indd 395-1_06TomicPDV.indd 39 24/04/2006 10:50:0824/04/2006 10:50:08 The Agricultural Ecomomics Society and the European Association of Agricultural Economists 2006CAP programme of the EU but we must keep in mind the dangers arising from social tensions which can occur between urban and rural areas; (e) complete the process of transition and of general privatization (ongoing now for 15 years), and of fi nancial consolidation of agricultural enterprises and companies we must overcome prejudices favouring large state farms which have been present here for decades and encourage the development and effective management of family farms; (f) opportunities should be taken for the creation of domestic brands and trade marks, starting with labels offering geographical origin that consumers will be interested in provision of key market information and intelligence will be a vital element; (g) direct payments to farmers and measures of structural policy should comply with the rules set up by the EU, and the EU funds for structural adjustment should be used mainly for environmental protection schemes, regional and rural development; and (h) generally, we should ensure that changes in agricultural policy are consistent with the direction of the EUs CAP, especially in the areas of price, export subventions, import protection, internal incentives, etc.The Balkan countries are in the second and third circle for access to the EU. The forthcoming period must be used to prepare for membership of the EU. International and domestic institutions have important roles to play in this process.Editors note: I would welcome comments on the issues raised in this article or indeed any other policy issues of relevance to EuroChoices. Le dfi qui se pose aux Balkans est la mise en uvre du modle europen de dvelop-pement. Les prochaines annes devront tre mises profit pour prparer ladhsion lUnion europenne. The Balkan challenge is to utilize the European model of development and the forthcoming period must be used to prepare for membership of the EU. Further Reading Tomic, D.,Vlahovic, B. and Radojevic, V., (2004). Thesis on Possible Ways the Balkan Countries Should Follow to Integrate into the EU, International Conference on Sustainable Agriculture and European Integration Processes, Anniversary of 50 years, Faculty of Agriculture, Novi Sad, 61. Riegler, J. (2002). Ecosocial Market Economy as a European Innovation, Proceedings of International Seminar, Pre-accession Strategy of Czech Agriculture toward EU, Research Institute of Agricultural Economics, Praha, Pruhonice, 2728. September, 3745. Tomic, D., Vlahovic, B., Umicevic, B., Radojevic, V., (2002). Agroindustrijska razmena SRJ i balkanskih zemalja neiskoricena ansa, Zbornik: Proizvodnja hrane cinilac regionalne integracije na Balkanu, IEP, Beograd, 231241.Dr Danilo Tomic and Mr Biljana Umicevic, Regional Chamber of Economy Novi Sad, Serbia.Email: dtomic@rpkns.co.yu 40 EuroChoices 5(1)5-1_06TomicPDV.indd 405-1_06TomicPDV.indd 40 24/04/2006 10:50:1024/04/2006 10:50:10summarypoint de vuepoint de vue The Agricultural Ecomomics Society and the European Association of Agricultural Economists 2006 At this stage in its development, Europe faces special challenges. A united Europe, of the form that we might describe as an open workshop, is a challenge for 21st century management, to create a peace-oriented and prosperous Europe. The principles of solidarity, sustainability and support applied within Europe are precious contributions to global strategies. What can the Balkan experience offer? The region is rich in natural resources and labour potential for accelerated economic and agricultural development. The European and Asian civilizations meet in this region. It offers labour and production potential as well as 60 million food consumers and important tourist destinations. The Balkan challenge is to utilize the European model of development and the forthcoming period must be used to prepare for membership of the EU. In the meantime the region must take advantage of local free trade zones, encourage team work amongst domestic and foreign experts on agricultural and rural development, reform education at all levels, launch well focused programmes of agricultural and rural development, complete the process of transition and of general privatization, create domestic brands with labels offering geographical origin and ensure that changes in agricultural policy are consistent with the direction of the EUs CAP. Entwicklung der Balkanlnder: Worin liegt die europische Verantwortung?Development of the Balkan Countries: Where Does the European Responsibility Lie? LEurope, au stade actuel de son dveloppement, doit faire face des dfi s particuliers. Une Europe unie, oriente vers la paix et la prosprit, comme celle que lon pourrait dcrire comme un chantier ouvert, est un dfi pour le 21me sicle. Les principes de solidarit, de durabilit, et de soutien mutuel tels quils sont appliqus en Europe sont de prcieuses contributions pour une stratgie globale. Que peut apporter de ce point de vue lexprience balkanique ? La rgion est potentiellement riche en ressources naturelles et en main duvre pour acclrer le dveloppement conomique et agricole. Les traditions europennes et asiatiques se mlent dans cette rgion, qui offre du travail, un important potentiel de production, ainsi que 60 millions de consommateurs, et de nombreuses destinations touristiques. Pour les Balkans, le problme est dutiliser le modle europen de dveloppement. Les prochaines annes devront tre mises profi t pour prparer ladhsion lunion europenne. Il faudra prendre avantage des zones de libre-change local, encourager le travail en quipe des experts locaux et trangers sur les questions de dveloppement rural, rformer le systme dducation tous les niveaux, lancer des programmes cibls sur le dveloppement agricole et rural, complter le programme de transition et de privatisation gnrale, crer des marques locales avec indication dorigine, tout en sassurant que tous ces changements se font en conformit avec la direction gnrale de la PAC. Europa muss sich in dieser Phase seiner Entwicklung besonderen Herausforderungen stellen. Ein vereintes Europa, das wir in dieser Form als offenen Workshop beschreiben knnten, stellt fr das Management des 21. Jahrhunderts die Herausforderung dar, ein auf den Frieden ausgerichtetes und fl orierendes Europa zu schaffen. Die in Europa angewandten Prinzipien von Solidaritt, Nachhaltigkeit und Untersttzung leisten einen wertvollen Beitrag zu globalen Strategien. Was knnen die Erfahrungen vom Balkan beisteuern? Die Region verfgt ber zahlreiche natrliche Ressourcen und ein hohes Potenzial an Arbeitskrften fr eine beschleunigte wirtschaftliche und landwirtschaftliche Entwicklung. Der europische und der asiatische Kulturkreis begegnen sich in dieser Region. Sie bietet Arbeits- und Produktionspotenzial, 60 Millionen Verbraucher von Lebensmitteln sowie attraktive Touristenziele. Die Herausforderung auf dem Balkan muss das europische Entwicklungsmodell nutzen, und die nchsten Jahre mssen zur Vorbereitung auf die Mitgliedschaft in der EU genutzt werden. In der Zwischenzeit muss die Region von den lokalen Freihandelszonen profi tieren; die Zusammenarbeit zwischen einheimischen und auslndischen Experten fr die Entwicklung der Landwirtschaft und des lndlichen Raums frdern; eine Bildungsreform auf allen Ebenen einleiten; gut ausgerichtete Programme zur Entwicklung der Landwirtschaft und des lndlichen Raums einfhren; den Prozess der Transformation und allgemeiner Privatisierung abschlieen; einheimische Marken einfhren, die eine Kennzeichnung der geografi schen Herkunft aufweisen; sowie sicherstellen, dass die Vernderungen in der Agrarpolitik mit der Ausrichtung der GAP der EU vereinbar sind.Le dveloppement des pays balkaniques : o se situent les responsabilits europennes ? 41EuroChoices 5(1)5-1_06TomicPDV.indd 415-1_06TomicPDV.indd 41 24/04/2006 10:50:1624/04/2006 10:50:16 /ColorImageDict > /JPEG2000ColorACSImageDict > /JPEG2000ColorImageDict > /AntiAliasGrayImages false /CropGrayImages true /GrayImageMinResolution 300 /GrayImageMinResolutionPolicy /OK /DownsampleGrayImages true /GrayImageDownsampleType /Bicubic /GrayImageResolution 300 /GrayImageDepth -1 /GrayImageMinDownsampleDepth 2 /GrayImageDownsampleThreshold 1.50000 /EncodeGrayImages true /GrayImageFilter /DCTEncode /AutoFilterGrayImages true /GrayImageAutoFilterStrategy /JPEG /GrayACSImageDict > /GrayImageDict > /JPEG2000GrayACSImageDict > /JPEG2000GrayImageDict > /AntiAliasMonoImages false /CropMonoImages true /MonoImageMinResolution 1200 /MonoImageMinResolutionPolicy /OK /DownsampleMonoImages true /MonoImageDownsampleType /Bicubic /MonoImageResolution 1200 /MonoImageDepth -1 /MonoImageDownsampleThreshold 1.50000 /EncodeMonoImages true /MonoImageFilter /CCITTFaxEncode /MonoImageDict > /AllowPSXObjects false /CheckCompliance [ /None ] /PDFX1aCheck false /PDFX3Check false /PDFXCompliantPDFOnly false /PDFXNoTrimBoxError true /PDFXTrimBoxToMediaBoxOffset [ 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 ] /PDFXSetBleedBoxToMediaBox true /PDFXBleedBoxToTrimBoxOffset [ 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 ] /PDFXOutputIntentProfile () /PDFXOutputConditionIdentifier () /PDFXOutputCondition () /PDFXRegistryName () /PDFXTrapped /False /Description > /Namespace [ (Adobe) (Common) (1.0) ] /OtherNamespaces [ > /FormElements false /GenerateStructure false /IncludeBookmarks false /IncludeHyperlinks false /IncludeInteractive false /IncludeLayers false /IncludeProfiles false /MultimediaHandling /UseObjectSettings /Namespace [ (Adobe) (CreativeSuite) (2.0) ] /PDFXOutputIntentProfileSelector /DocumentCMYK /PreserveEditing true /UntaggedCMYKHandling /LeaveUntagged /UntaggedRGBHandling /UseDocumentProfile /UseDocumentBleed false >> ]>> setdistillerparams> setpagedevice

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