design everywhere: natural machines and the success (and failure) of emergent networks

Download Design Everywhere: Natural Machines and the Success (and Failure) of Emergent Networks

Post on 11-Aug-2014



Data & Analytics

24 download

Embed Size (px)


Design is a universal principle present in all things, animate and inanimate, as explained by Adrian Bejan's constructal law. At every scale of matter, time and organization there are design processes at work that recognize differences and exploit those differences to accomplish constructive work. These design processes are embodied as natural machines that do the work of intelligent construction at micro scales that become visible at macro scales as patterns, terrains and networks. Alex Wissner-Gross has conceived of intelligence as “an engine for maximizing future freedom of action.” His theory posits that two factors contribute to the quality of intelligence in a given system, the length of time frame and the number of entities within the system that are considered as part of this maximization. There is a bridge between Wissner-Gross’s intelligent agents and the evidence of design in Bejan’s constructal law in the form of emergent networks that maximize flow. Human technology has become better and better over time at creating natural machines of its own. Particularly in the areas of software applications and social networks it is apparent that these human domains have become areas of inquiry relevant to all areas of animate and inanimate natural phenomena. Artificial intelligence, machine learning, natural language processing, social media as well as the rendering of software applications themselves on diverse environments of devices all provide instructive analogies that illuminate these fundamental design principles. From this perspective, heat transfer is an app that has users that include snowflakes. Not all design processes are equal and the consideration of the failures of natural machines is as instructive as their successes. Computational linguistics, for instance, can quantify miscommunication as well as predict patterns of language usage. The degree of success of a design process, of a natural machine, should be discernible through the shape and configuration of the networks it engenders. Presented on April, 8 2014 | Duke Network Analytics Center Referenced in


  • DESIGN EVERYWHERE Natural Machines and the Success (and Failure) of Emergent Networks
  • DESIGN EVERYWHERE 1. Technology as Flow 2. Design and Behavior 3. Failures of Flow 4. Power of Visualization
  • NATURAL MACHINES natural machines do the work of intelligent construction at micro scales that become visible at macro scales
  • ITER FUSION REACTOR More gaps introduced into the design lead to more neutrons penetrating and heating the machine
  • DESIGN: PHYSICS vs INTENTION Nature Technology Intention Intelligent Design Designer Physics Constructal Law Intelligent Designer
  • STACKED S-CURVES technology follows a predictable arc through a series of renements and optimizations
  • NEW CONFIGURATION Dyson's Air Mutliplier bladeless fans remove the central assumption of fan design
  • SHAFTLESS JET ENGINE The HyperMach solution is capable of increasing fuel efciency by as much as 100%
  • APPLE GROWTH CURVES Apple added to its original iPod line the iPhone, iPad and perhaps next an iWatch?
  • ADRIAN BEJAN Constructal trees are composed of wide, fast channels that branch into slower, thinner channels
  • ALEX WISSNER-GROSS Intelligence is an engine for maximizing future freedom of action.
  • ENTROPIC CHESS A strategy for opening up options for as many of pieces as possible so a plan naturally emerges
  • ALEX WISSNER-GROSS Relativistic statistical arbitrage applies model of human reex arcs to high-speed trading
  • MAXWELLS DEMON A smart partition separates cool particles from warm to create a pressure difference
  • THE CLASSIFIER Machine learning techniques plot data in order to separate them into distinct groupings
  • BJ FOGG The Fogg Behavior Model is a two factor optimization between motivation and ability
  • NIR EYAL Eyals Hook Model iterates through triggers, actions, variable rewards and investments
  • CONSTRUCTAL TUMOR Unnaturally disproportionate ow systems are evidence of a lack of freedom or corruption
  • IDEA TRANSMISSION The challenge of language is how to ow images through anothers mind reliably
  • FAMO.US This new JavaScript framework assures smooth 60 fps animations by making everything happens in 16 ms
  • THE TWO MAN BOBSLED The US Olympic team had a new sled designed by BMW and a gold medal driver
  • THE TWO MAN BOBSLED The Russian team had 200 training runs to the US teams 40 and the Russians won every run