DEMOCRACY & Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School.

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Slide 1 DEMOCRACY & Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School Slide 2 Political Parties AP U.S. Government & Politics Timpanogos High School Slide 3 An organized group of individuals who seek to win elections in order to control government and shape public policy Parties develop political platforms. Government Timpanogos High School 6.4 Basics of Political Parties Slide 4 6.4 Constitution Are Political Parties included in the Constitution? Political parties are not included in the Constitution Did the Framers expect parties to develop? Washington, Madison, and others warned against the spirit of [political] parties The Framers believed something like todays political parties were inevitable Rigid Two-party system? Though not mentioned in the Constitution, political parties are an essential feature of modern government. Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School Let me now take a more comprehensive view, and warn you in the most solemn manner against the baneful effects of the spirit of party generally This spirit, unfortunately, is inseparable from our nature, having its root in the stormiest passions of the human mind. It exists under different shapes in all governments, more or less stifled, controlled, or repressed; but in those of the popular form it is seen in its greatest rankness and is truly their worst enemy... George Washington, Farewell Address 1796 Slide 5 Shape almost all aspects of government today In Congress, the party in power (majority) largely sets the agenda and thus shapes public policy. Parties promote democracy: Help define and focus the issues for the voters Gives some predictability to the candidates Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School 6.4 Importance Slide 6 Provide checks and balances: The minority party = watch dog Criticize offer alternative policies / solutions Democrats = War in Iraq Republicans = national debt and the size & scope of government. Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School 6.4 Importance Slide 7 Political Parties AP U.S. Government & Politics Timpanogos High School Slide 8 6.5 Development & Organization of Parties Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School 5a When did political parties first develop? Early Two opposing parties, the Federalists and the Jeffersonian- Republicans in election of 1800 5a How did our current two-party system start? Todays Democratic party was organized under the leadership Andrew Jackson in the 1820s The Republicans ran their first presidential candidate, Abraham Lincoln, in 1860 In Depth Watch Development of US Political Parties https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VH46Ogc3U N0&list=PLDFB- v6YGZLEYo2d9dqm2fqYvKwkhVFJK Slide 9 6.5b Weakness of Modern U.S. Parties USEurope Weak relative to their European counter parts & relative to their own power in the past Rise of Independent voters decline in voter loyalty to the party Split ticket voting Primary Elections - Do not control nominations as they once did - Candidates dont have to be loyal to the party Progressive Reforms State and local parties are independent from the national party Relatively Strong European Parties control who gets nominated thus candidates must be loyal to the party Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School Slide 10 RNC Republican National Committee RNC chair DNC Democratic National Committee DNC chair Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School 6.5c Organization Slide 11 Each party organizes a national convention. Purpose? Formal selection of the parties presidential candidate by pledged delegates Develop the party platform Where ? (Swing States) Republicans 2016 Cleveland OH Democrats 2016 New York (?) Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School 6.5c Organization Slide 12 Parties AP U.S. Government & Politics Timpanogos High School Slide 13 The Fight for Majority Control : 2001 - Jim Jeffords breaks from the Republican party Jim Jeffords breaks from the Republican party 2002 - brings power back to the Republicans 2006 - Democrats win back both the House and Senate 2008 Democrats gain more seats in Congress & elect a president!! 2010 Republicans take back the House 2014 Republicans take the majority in the Senate, up their majority in the House Party Resurgence (CNN, 2008) Party Resurgence Republicans v. Democrats (Studio C) Republicans v. Democrats Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School 6.5d Balance of Power The Fight for Majority Control Presidency & Congress Presidency: (1932-2012) D = 12 elections (7 Pres.) R = 9 elections (5 Pres.) Comparing the period 1888-2008, there has been a bit more balance in the presidency. Republicans have won 16 presidential elections compared to 15 for Democrats. Congress: Democrats dominate (control both houses for 40 years 1954- 1994) - Republicans swept in to won 52 seats (1992-94 took back 63 seats in the House) Republicans control the both houses from 1994 (Republican Revolution) through 2006 Control of congress in the period 1932-2014: House = Ds controlled in 31 terms, Rs 14 terms Senate = D-29, R-16 Slide 14 Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School 2004-2006 6.5 Balance of Power Slide 15 Post 2006 House 202 R 233 D Post 2006 Senate: 49 R 51 D Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School 6.5 Balance of Power - 2006 Slide 16 Pre 2010 House Balance: 255 Ds 178 Rs 2 vacancies Senate Balance 59 Ds 41 Rs Post 2010 House Balance: House Balance Senate Balance: Senate Balance Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School Clerk of the House 6.5 Balance of Power - 2010 Slide 17 6.5f Critical Elections / Realignment Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School In Depth - Critical Elections / Realignment Realignment & Dealignment : Watch Hip Hughes History https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WNpPj6MT1p0 Read this article http://www.hank-edmondson.com/amgovchapt7/realigning-elections.html Realignment For Dummies Realignment For Dummies (HH) Slide 18 POLITICAL PARTIES Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School Slide 19 Party systems: One Party Two Party Multiparty Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School 6.6a The Two-Party System Slide 20 Multiparty System - UK Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School Slide 21 House of Commons Coalition Government AP U.S. Government & Politics Timpanogos High School Slide 22 Why does the U.S. have a two-party system? U.S. has single-member districts & winner-take- all system This is sometimes referred to as First past the post In contrast: Europe = Proportional System Ross Perot won 19% of the popular vote in 1992, but won NO electoral votes. Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School 6.6a The Two-Party System In Depth Why a Two Party system? Watch video Part 1 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KOL0hzUWn7I&index=6&list=PLDFB- v6YGZLEYo2d9dqm2fqYvKwkhVFJKhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KOL0hzUWn7I&index=6&list=PLDFB- v6YGZLEYo2d9dqm2fqYvKwkhVFJK Part2 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jdb9RD6E-Ec&list=PLDFB- v6YGZLEYo2d9dqm2fqYvKwkhVFJK&index=4&noredirect=1https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jdb9RD6E-Ec&list=PLDFB- v6YGZLEYo2d9dqm2fqYvKwkhVFJK&index=4&noredirect=1 Intelligence Squared Debate: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FK6Ycz8Ae8k Slide 23 Why two-party system cont. Legal & political barriers for third-party candidates: Ballot access .. Wasted vote principle Ballot access Two major parties are institutionalized Brand Name . Raising money No charismatic third party leaders or platforms Third parties tend to be more extreme AP U.S. Government & Politics Timpanogos High School 6.6 The Two-Party System Slide 24 Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School Slide 25 ROLE OF Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School Slide 26 7a Third Parties defined Any party other than the two major parties What are the major types of Third Parties in U.S.? Single issue Ideological .Splinter 7a-b What effect do third parties have? Potentially swing elections Teddy Roosevelt and the Bull Moose party (1912) Ralph Nader and the Green party (2000) Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School 6.7a-b Third Parties Slide 27 6.7b Notable Third Party Candidates Ralph Nader = Green Party Ross Perot = Reform Party Politics 1 Politics Light Party AP U.S. Government & Politics Timpanogos High School Slide 28 6.7c Is it time to end the two party system? Dealignment and the rise of the Independent (non affiliated)t Voter Dealignment Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School In Depth Watch: Is it time to end the two party system? (RT News) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MiEt6703L1o Slide 29 Elections Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School Slide 30 20072008 2009 201020112012 Primary elections / season Open v Close Primary Caucus v. Direct Primary Super Tuesday General elections / season Mid term election Presidential election Party convention Delegates Incumbent Inauguration Slide 31 6.8b Election Cycles Presidential Elections Primary Season (CNN 2012) Primary Season General Season Voter Turnout? Campaign Strategy? Mid Term Elections Primary Season General Season Voter Turnout? Campaign Strategy? Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School In Depth Read: Voter Turnout Stays Low (NY Times, 2010,) http://fivethirtyeight.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/09/14/pri mary-voter-turnout-stays-low-but-more-so-for- democrats/?_r=0 Presidential v Midterm Turnout Elections Primary Election Turnout Slide 32 2008 Primaries Jason Chaffetz unseated incumbent Chris Cannon in the 2008 Utah primaries Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School Slide 33 2010 Primaries Incumbent Bob Bennett was unseated by Mike Lee at the 2010 Utah Republican convention Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School Slide 34 In-Depth Party Coalitions Party Factions Both Democrats and Republicans have developed factions Tea party Blue Dog Democrats Fiscal Crisis Cliffhanger (Frontline ) Cliffhanger AP U.S. Government & Politics Timpanogos High School In Depth Read: Obama Abandoned Us (Politico, Dec 2014) http://www.politico.com/story/2014/12/liberals-obama- abandoned-us-113516.htmlhttp://www.politico.com/story/2014/12/liberals-obama- abandoned-us-113516.html Read: After The Blowup (Politico) http://www.politico.com/story/2014/12/budget-white-house- barack-obama-nancy-pelosi-113558.html?hp=t3_rhttp://www.politico.com/story/2014/12/budget-white-house- barack-obama-nancy-pelosi-113558.html?hp=t3_r

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