democracies and elections

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  • 1. Group Member 1. KEN THEARITH 2. YIM SONY 3. TEP THORN 4. LY NYKA 5. VAN SONITA 6. SREY KALYAN 7. SOUEM SAMEANG Democracy and Election
  • 2. Agenda Democracy 1. Introduction 2. What is Democracy? 3. Principle of Democracy 4. Benefits of Democracy 5. Less violence 6. Conclusion
  • 3. Election 1. Introduction 2. Voting Right 3. Voter participation 4. Voter Registration 5. Electoral System 6. Types of Election 7. How voters decide 8. Electoral Realignment
  • 4. 1.Introduction Democracy means people-power or rule by the people. The idea came from the ancient Greeks who combined the words: - demos - people - krates power orrule
  • 5. 2.What is Democracy? Democracy is a form of government where all eligible citizens have an equality in the decisions that affect their lives. According to Abraham Lincon: Democracy means a government elected of the people, for the people, to the people. In a democratic government, the people's views influence the laws and decisions made by the government.
  • 6. 3.Principle of Democracy Rule of Law Rule of LawCitizen Participation Citizen Participation Control of the Abuse of Power Control of the Abuse of Power Accepting Result the of Election Accepting Result the of Election Bill of RightBill of Right Multi Party System Multi Party System Regular Free and Fair Election Regular Free and Fair Election AccountabilityAccountability EqualityEquality TransparencyTransparency Human Right Human Right Economic Freedom Economic Freedom
  • 7. 3.1.Democracy is accountable form of government Democracy improves the quality of decision making Democracy enhances the dignity of citizens Democracy provides a method to deal with Differences and conflicts.
  • 8. 3.2.Democracy in ancient times An autocratic system of government is a type of government where one person or small group make all the decisions on behalf of the people of the state. Citizens of the state have no say in influencing decisions.
  • 9. 4. Benefits of democracies The main benefit of democracy is that every adult person regardless of race, religious belief or gender has the same political rights as each other. People living in a democratic society are protected from oppression by laws and limits on governmental power. Democratic governments put laws into place to protect their citizens and to ensure a safe and fair society.
  • 10. 5. Less violence More democracy leads to less internal violence People are given chance to change those who are in power or can change policies which they disagree. This makes it preferable to a system where political change takes place through violence.
  • 11. 6. Conclusion Democracies allow for information to be more readily available to the public. People have more freedoms and rights in democracies. True democracy will come to a country when no one goes hungry to bed.
  • 12. Election
  • 13. Election, Procedure that allows member of an organization or community to choose representative who will hold position of authority within it . The most important elections select the leader of local, state and national government . The chance to decide who will govern at these levels service as an opportunity for the public to make choices about policies, programs, and future directions of government action. 1.Introduction
  • 14. 2.Voting Right Native-born or naturalized (foreign-born) U.S . Citizens over the age 18 possess the right to vote. Citizens can lose their right to vote. All state prohibit felons (people convicted of serious crime) from voting during their imprisonment or parole, and 13 state bar felons from voting for life. However, convicted felons who have regained their right to vote cannot be denied the right to vote if they move to any of those 13 states.
  • 15. 3.Voter participation Compared to voter participation rates of citizens in other democracies, Participation in U.S. elections is low. Slightly more than 50 percent of those eligible participate in national presidential elections. Barely 30 percent of eligible voters take part in congressional elections during nonpresidential election years. In European nations, by contrast, voter turnout consistently exceeds 80 percent.
  • 16. 4.Voter Registration In addition to differences in political party strength, these national differences in voter participation result from variations in registration rule and organization of elections. In European, Governments automatically register their citizens as voter. In the U.S, eligible voters must register with state election boards before they must vote. In southern states, these requirements also provided an additional way to deprive both blacks and poor whites of the opportunity to vote.
  • 17. In urban areas, registration rules discouraged immigrant and working class voters from going to the polls. Registration requirements have eased in most states since the 1960s. An eligible individual may now register to vote by simply mailing a postcard to the state election board.
  • 18. 5.Electoral Systems The manner in which governments organize elections and determine winners also affects participation rates. Majority systems require that a victorious candidate receive more than 50 percent of the vote. Under a plurality system, winning candidate need only receive more vote than any opponent. Virtually all national election in the united states use the plurality system, although the majority system services in some primary, state, and local elections, especially in southern.
  • 19. 6.Types of Elections In most nations, political party leaders select candidates for office in a general election. The united states is one of the few nations to hold primary elections prior to the general election campaign. In these elections, voters select the partys candidates for office. The primary is followed by the general election, which normally is the decisive electoral contest. The referendum is a process that allows citizens to vote directly on proposed laws or other governmental actions.
  • 20. Direct primary election: several candidates from the same party run against each other for the nomination Two types of primary: Closed primary: limited to registered members of political parties Open primary: any registered voter Primary Election
  • 21. 2008 Presidential Primaries
  • 22. 7.How voters decide Many Americans identify personally with and maintain a sense of loyalty to either the Democratic or Republican party. Issues and preferences also influence voters choice. For example, concerns about crime may encourage voters to elect the candidate with the strongest platform against it.
  • 23. 8.Electoral Realignments The outcomes of elections often have i