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  • EUROPEAN UNION ROMANIAN GOVERNMENT

    MINISTRY OF LABOUR, FAMILY, SOCIAL PROTECTION AND

    ELDERLY AMPOSDRU

    European Social Fund POS DRU 2007-2013

    Structural instruments 2007 - 2013

    0

    THE EUROPEAN SOCIAL FUND

    The Sectoral Operational Program Human Resources Development 2007 2013 Priority Axis 3 INCREASING ADAPTABILITY OF WORKERS AND ENTERPRISES Key Area of Intervention 3.3 Development of partnerships and encouraging initiatives for social partners and civil society

    Project title: The Network of Competent Authorities for Professional Qualifications in Romania

    (IMI PQ NET Romania) Beneficiary: the Ministry of National Education

    Contract no.: SOPHRD/93/3.3/S/53132

    Competences Certification and Qualification Recognition Processes in the CZECH Republic

    Author:

    Eng. Ionel POPA, Ph.D

    Translation in English:

    Prof Trad

    March 2013

  • EUROPEAN UNION ROMANIAN GOVERNMENT

    MINISTRY OF LABOUR, FAMILY, SOCIAL PROTECTION AND

    ELDERLY

    AMPOSDRU

    European Social Fund POS DRU 2007-2013

    Structural instruments 2007 - 2013

    1

  • EUROPEAN UNION ROMANIAN GOVERNMENT

    MINISTRY OF LABOUR, FAMILY, SOCIAL PROTECTION AND

    ELDERLY

    AMPOSDRU

    European Social Fund POS DRU 2007-2013

    Structural instruments 2007 - 2013

    2

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Introduction................................................................................................................... 4

    1 Competences certification process in the Czech Republic.................................. 6

    1.1 Education system and degrees / certificates achieved through it ..................... 6

    1.2 Adults education ............................................................................................. 12

    1.2.1 Activity legal framework........................................................................ 13

    1.2.2 Five priorities on the adults education in the Czech Republic ............. 14

    1.3 Assessment and certification of professional qualifications achieved in

    informal and non-formal contexts ................................................................... 17

    1.3.1 National Institutional Framework ........................................................... 17

    1.3.2 Duties at national, regional or supplier level, according to the

    validation-related aspects. 18

    1.4 The Czech National Qualifications Framework compared to the European

    Qualification Framework ................................................................................. 20

    2 Professional qualification recognition process in the Czech Republic .............. 23

    2.1 The legal and institutional framework for the recognition of qualifications

    achieved in other Member States of the European Union, of the European

    Economic Area and of the Swiss Confederation .........................

    23

    2.2 Regulated professions and competent authorities ........................................ 27

    2.2.1 Competent authorities in the Czech Republic. 27

    2.2.2 Regulated professions.. 29

    2.3 IMI PQ statistics on regulated professions registered in the Czech system

    compared to the same system in Romania ....................... 56

    Conclusions .................................................................................................................... 60

    Bibliography .................................................................................................................. 61

    Annex ............................................................................................................................. 63

  • EUROPEAN UNION ROMANIAN GOVERNMENT

    MINISTRY OF LABOUR, FAMILY, SOCIAL PROTECTION AND

    ELDERLY

    AMPOSDRU

    European Social Fund POS DRU 2007-2013

    Structural instruments 2007 - 2013

    3

  • EUROPEAN UNION ROMANIAN GOVERNMENT

    MINISTRY OF LABOUR, FAMILY, SOCIAL PROTECTION AND

    ELDERLY

    AMPOSDRU

    European Social Fund POS DRU 2007-2013

    Structural instruments 2007 - 2013

    4

    Introduction

    This Study is designed to consolidate the capacity of the social partners of the IMI PQ

    NET Romania project (governmental agencies and organizations, professional associations,

    etc.) to get information on the qualification recognition processes in the Czech Republic and

    also on the conditions under which the competences achieved by citizens by informal or non-

    formal learning may be certified there. We believe that this Study is an useful instrument for

    information on the Czech education and qualification system by creating ways allowing the

    mutual consultation with similar organizations in the European Union and the European

    Economic Area (EEA) through the internal market information system platform (the IMI

    platform) both for the competent authorities in Romania and for the Romanian citizens who

    want to work in the Czech Republic and need information for this particular purpose.

    The Czech Republic is divided into 14 regions out of which the capital city, Prague, is a

    separate administrative entity. A very important aspect is that the recognition attestation for a

    national coming to the Czech Republic as the host country is issued by the education

    department in the regional authorities. Besides the city of Prague, the 13 regions are: South

    Bohemian Region, Zln, Silezia Morava, Liberec, Pardubice, st nad, Labem, Karlovy Vary,

    Plze, Central Bohemian Region, Hradec Kralove, Vysoina and Olomouc Region.

    The structure of this Study is extremely simple and is focused on information regarding

    the two basic components allowing the access to work:

    1. The presentation of the Czech education system with referencing of the study

    level to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) developed by the

    United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture (UNESCO) and through this

    to the Czech Qualification National Framework and the European Qualification Framework

    (EQF) respectively;

    2. The presentation of the legal and institutional framework for the recognition

    of qualifications achieved in other Member States of the European Union, the European

    Economic Area and the Swiss Confederation, along with a database including the Czech

    competent authorities homologous to the Romanian competent authorities on one hand, and

    the list of the regulated professions in the Czech Republic with the correspondence of the

  • EUROPEAN UNION ROMANIAN GOVERNMENT

    MINISTRY OF LABOUR, FAMILY, SOCIAL PROTECTION AND

    ELDERLY

    AMPOSDRU

    European Social Fund POS DRU 2007-2013

    Structural instruments 2007 - 2013

    5

    professions / occupations in Romania and their status, i.e. regulated / non-regulated

    professions on the other hand;

    We believe that all the written records have been used for an useful scanning of the

    system for the qualification recognition and competence certification in the Czech Republic,

    therefore we would like to thank all the people who have provided us with and facilitated our

    access to updated bibliographic materials: Mr. Andrei LINU, Mrs. Rodica LUPU, Mrs. Irina

    DIMITRIU, Mrs. Emilia ILIE, Mrs. Simona POPESCU and not ultimately the National

    Qualifications Authority methodology experts who have contributed with various

    deliverables to the proper execution of the IMI PQ NET Romania project.

  • EUROPEAN UNION ROMANIAN GOVERNMENT

    MINISTRY OF LABOUR, FAMILY, SOCIAL PROTECTION AND

    ELDERLY

    AMPOSDRU

    European Social Fund POS DRU 2007-2013

    Structural instruments 2007 - 2013

    6

    1. Competence certification process in the Czech Republic

    1.1. Education system and degrees / certificates achieved through it

    In the Czech Republic the public authority in charge with the educational system

    organization and policies is the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport (Ministerstvo kolstv,

    mldee a tlovchovy). The legislative framework for the current education system in the

    Czech Republic is regulated by: the Education Act no. 472/2011, setting the administrative

    procedures for the four levels of education: preschool, primary, secondary and tertiary; Act no.

    563/2004 on pedagogical staff regulating the requirements for the fulfilment of the teaching

    staffs duties during their training and career evolution; Act no. 383/2005 regulating the

    requirements for the education of children and teenagers with no proper family support or with

    behavioural issues; Higher Education Act no. 111/1998, with current amendments and

    completions, regulating the activity in the higher education public and private sectors (a new

    act is pending elaboration); Act no. 179/2006 regulating the recognition of the competence

    results obtained by adults who do not attend a formal education system in order to be granted a

    qualification certificate.

    The structure of the current education system is compliant with the four levels:

    a. Preschool education, from 3 to 6 years, is similar to the one in Romania and is not

    mandatory.

    b. The mandatory education starts at the age of 6 and usually covers 9 years or even 10

    years for children with disabilities or special needs.

    c. The secondary education takes various forms: high-schools providing education for

    4/6 years (including the post-secondary forms of education); the vocational or commercial

    secondary schools providing education for 2-3 years (Stedn odborn skola, Stedn

    Prumyslova skola); the vocational arts schools providing education for 4-6 years

    (konzervator).

    d. Higher education. As in Romania the Czech higher education system is organized

    according to the Bologna Convention: bachelor, master, PhD. The bachelor studies cover

  • EUROPEAN UNION ROMANIAN GOVERNMENT

    MINISTRY OF LABOUR, FAMILY, SOCIAL PROTECTION AND

    ELDERLY

    AMPOSDRU

    European Social Fund POS DRU 2007-2013

    Structural instruments 2007 - 2013

    7

    3/4/or even 6 years, being followed by masters programs for 1-3 years. The PhD courses

    last for 3-4 years.

    A complete diagram of the Czech education system1 is given in Figure 1, where as one

    can see the following are presented: the durations of the education forms, the age of students

    who go to school, the qualification level according to the international Standard Classification

    of Education (ISCED), the curricular paths that can be followed for providing them with

    access to the next level of education [1].

    ag

    e

    PHD EDUCATION PROGRAMS (PHD)

    ISCED 6

    3-4 years

    Mgr., Eng.,

    MD

    3 years

    ISCED 5A

    MD

    2 years

    MD

    1 year

    Mgr., Eng., 24 Master

    educatio

    n

    programs

    MD

    ISCED

    5A

    6 years

    23 Master

    education

    programs

    MD

    ISCED

    5A

    5 years

    22 Bachelor education

    programs - ISCED 5A

    4 years

    Superior

    vocationa

    l school

    ISCED

    5B

    3.5 years

    Superior

    vocationa

    l school

    ISCED

    5B

    3 years

    21 Bachelor

    education

    programs - 5A

    3 years

    20

    19

    Precondition school graduation exam / equivalent for high school examination

    DiS

    20 Arts

    1 The Education System in Czech Republic 2nd Edition, Prague, October 2012 , pg. 5, ISBN: 978-80-87601-12-9

    Post-secondary classes

    with high school

    diploma ISCED 4A 2 years

    Post-apprenticeship school classes ISCED

    4C 1. 15 years

    Complementary

    classes ISCED 4C

    2 years

  • EUROPEAN UNION ROMANIAN GOVERNMENT

    MINISTRY OF LABOUR, FAMILY, SOCIAL PROTECTION AND

    ELDERLY

    AMPOSDRU

    European Social Fund POS DRU 2007-2013

    Structural instruments 2007 - 2013

    8

    19 educatio

    n

    ISCED

    5B

    6 years

    18 1

    3

    Art

    s ed

    uca

    tio

    n

    ISC

    ED

    5B

    Secondary

    education

    with

    module

    completio

    n exam

    ISCED 3A

    4 years

    17 1

    2

    Apprenticeshi

    p school ISCED

    3C

    3 years

    16 1

    1

    Apprenticeshi

    p school ISCED 3C

    2 years

    Special

    school

    ISCED

    3C

    2 years

    15 1

    0

    Practical

    skills

    school

    ISCED-

    2C

    1 year

    15 1

    0

    Mandatory education for

    children with special needs

    ISCED 2C

    ISCED 1

    10 years

    Mandatory education

    for children with

    disabilities ISCED 2C

    ISCED 1

    10 years

    14 9 Mandatory education

    ISCED 2A

    ISCED 1

    9 years

    13 8 12 7 11 6 10 5 9 4 8 3 7 2 6 1 5 Preschool education

    ISCED 0 3 years 3

    Fig. 1 Diagram for the education system in the Czech Republic

    If we analyze Figure 1, we notice that the mandatory education lasts for 9 years, the

    primary education from the age of 6 to the age of 11 and the mandatory secondary education

    from 11 to 15 years of age. After completing the 9 years of mandatory education, children

    reach the basic education level (zkladn vzdln) and receive a final assessment report that is

    not regarded as a diploma (Vysvden). From the qualification level point of view, this final

    assessment report is consistent with Level 1 in the ISCED (International Standard

    Classification of Education) classification [2].

    The superior secondary education is performed through four curriculum directions:

    The vocational education including arts music, dancing, painting, etc., with a

    duration of 6/8 years depending on the curriculum direction followed, which ends with the

    awarding of a diplomat specialist diploma DiS (diplomovan specialista).

  • EUROPEAN UNION ROMANIAN GOVERNMENT

    MINISTRY OF LABOUR, FAMILY, SOCIAL PROTECTION AND

    ELDERLY

    AMPOSDRU

    European Social Fund POS DRU 2007-2013

    Structural instruments 2007 - 2013

    9

    The general secondary education that lasts for at least 4 years and may start following

    the completion of the 9 years of mandatory education. Following the completion of these

    studies, the students receive a maturity certificate (Maturitn zkouka, annex 1), which

    usually grants access to the higher education level. These programs for the training of

    students in the secondary education are provided in several types of education units:

    Secondary schools (Gymnzium), High-Schools, Secondary technical schools (Stedn

    odborn koly - SOS) and conservatoires for education in arts. Most of the SOS programs last

    for 4 years and end with the awarding of the maturity diploma (Vysvden o maturitn

    zkouce), benefiting from the same recognition as the diploma awarded after the graduation

    from a secondary school and granting access to the entrance examination for the higher

    education level [2].

    The vocational secondary education is provided by vocational secondary schools

    (Stedn odborn uilit - SOU) for 2 3 years. Following their graduation, the students are

    awarded a general or technical professional qualification. The graduates are granted

    qualifications for certain technical or economic professions or positions / jobs requiring high-

    level technical skills. This form of education directly prepares the young people for the

    labour market and the most common schools in this form of education are: business schools

    (Obchodn akademie), agricultural secondary schools (Stedn zemdlsk kola), cookery

    secondary schools (Stedn odborn kola gastronomick), medical secondary schools

    (Stedn zdravotnick kola), pedagogical secondary schools (Stedn pe...