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- 2. Vltava lakeElba lake Krkonoe mountain Snka mountain
- 3. Czech, formerly known as Bohemian, ia a West Slavic language spoken by over 10 million people. Its the official language in the Czech Republic, and has minority language status in Slovakia. Czechs closest relative is Slovak, with which it is mutually intelligible. Its closely related to other West Slavic languages, such as Silesian and Polish, and more distantly to East Slavic languages such
- 4. The Economy Of the countries in central and eastern Europe, the Czech Republic has one of the most developed industrialized economies. It is one of the most stable and prosperous of the post- communist states of central and eastern Europe. GDP per capita at purchasing power parity was $27,100 in 2011, which is 85% of the EU average. The official currency is the Czech Koruna. 1 Euro=27,27 Korunas
- 5. The Industry Industrial production in the territory of the Czech Republic has a very long tradition. In the Austrian-Hungarian period, the Czech lands used to be an industrial base for the whole empire in the times before the dissolution of the Austrian- Hungarian realm, nearly 70% of the industrial production of the Austrian-Hungarian monarchy was concentrated in Czech Lands. When the independent Czechoslovakia was established, industry was developing so greatly that Czechoslovakia was counted among the world industrial leaders.
- 6. The principal industries are heavy and general machine- building, iron and steel production, metalworking, chemical productions, electronics, transportation equipment, textiles, glass, brewing, china, ceramics and pharmaceuticals. Its main agricultural products are sugar beets, fodder roots, potatoes, wheat, and hops.
- 7. Engineering and machine engineering The engineering industry is ranked among the most traditional industrial branches in the Czech Republic. Its most important part is the automotive industry, which is a very strong exporter as well. In 2010, according to the Czech Statistic Office, 54.2% of export was from products of the automotive industry. The automotive industry in the Czech Republic employs over 120 thousand people. The largest and most significant producer of automobiles in the CR is koda Auto.
- 8. Mining industry The mining industry is often connected with the engineering industry. At present, the mining industry is mostly concentrated in the regions with raw material deposits (black coal, limestone), i.e. mainly in the region of Ostrava. Iron ore, the core raw material for steel production, is imported.
- 9. Chemical industry The chemical industry is an indicator of the economic level of the country as it requires well-qualified human resources, appropriate raw materials, as well as water and energy sources. On the other hand, the production means a considerable environment burden (water, soil and air pollution). The Czech chemical industry is mostly concentrated in the region of northern Bohemia (fromst nad Labem to Hradec Krlov). The Moravian chemical area is mostly located along the central and lower part of the Morava River. Crude oil is processed in the areas close to the pipeline (Litvnov, Kralupy nad Vltavou).
- 10. Foodstuff industry The food processing industry is spread throughout the whole territory of the Czech Republic. Basic inputs for foodstuff production come from agricultural products, products of forestry and water management, and from imported products. Among most important segments of the Czech foodstuff industry, beer production remains in one of the leading positions. Every year, more than 2 million hl of beer is exported from the Czech Republic. The largest producers of beer in the Czech Republic are Prazdroj Plze, Staropramen Praha and Budvar esk Budjovice.
- 11. Popular Traditions THE BURNING OF WITCHES The ritual of burning witches is very popular in the Czech Republic. An ancient legend says that on the magic Walpurgis Night 30 April / 1 May, evil powers are at their peak of strength, and people must protect themselves, their households and cattle. In ancient times, people believed that crowds of witches flying on broomsticks travelled to a witches assembly on that night. As such people would light fires on the hills, throwing burning brooms up into the air in order to weaken the witches powers and get rid of them. Nowadays the burning of witches is fun. Throughout the country, thousands of fires are set on the last April evening in order to burn a witch an effigy of a witch made of straw and old clothes. When the fire is roaring people roast sausages on sticks, dance, play music and sing.
- 12. Kings Parade The Ride of the Kings is an annual procession associated with the Christian feast of Pentecost in four small towns in south-eastern Czech Republic. An entourage of chanters, pageboys, the King and his royal cavalcade parade through town dressed in traditional costumes and riding decorated horses, stopping along the way to chant rhymes that comment humorously on the character and conduct of spectators who in turn give monetary gifts for a good performance. The specific practices and responsibilities of the event are transmitted from generation to generation.
- 13. It is celebrated on 1st and 2nd of November. In some villages people prepare a special pasta called "souls" - "duiky" - to distribute among beggars, pilgrims, the poor in general. They decorate the graves with flowers, wreaths of flowers and candles to remember the dead. All Souls Day
- 14. Barborky On December 4, St. Barbora's Day, an unmarried girl is supposed to cut a twig off of a cherry tree and put it in water. If the twig blooms by Christmas Eve, the girl will marry within a year.
- 15. Religion Czech Republic is a predominantly atheist country, the Catholic religion is practiced by some minorities, thus such as Jewish religion. However, some of the most outstanding monuments which we can visit in Prague or in other cities in the Czech Republic are religious. San Nicola's Church San Jorge's Basilica
- 16. Gastronomy The most popular dish is the pork roast or duck with pasta and cabbage (vepova peen s knedlky to be zelim, colloquially vepo-knedlo-zelo). It is considered the most representative Czech dish. There are two variants of preparing the cabbage, Bohemian style and the style of Moravia. Strik" or Striky" in Czech silesia are a sort of pancakes fried and processed potatoes in the form of pure (brambory in Czech), flour, milk and sometimes chopped sausages (but this is not very common since the pancake is tried to be a vegetarian dish). Served with chopped Marjoram, salt, pepper and garlic.
- 17. Sweets and desserts kolache Christmas cookies Vnoka Buchteln
- 18. FIRST CZECH From about 400 BC the Czech Republic was inhabited by celtic race. Romans called them the Boii and they changed their name to Bohemia. Then about 100 AD Germanic people fought with them. According to a legend, in the sixth century Slavic people led by a man called Czech entered in what is now Czech Republic. In the 9th century people called Moravians created an empire in central Europe. It was called the Great Moravian Empire which included Czech Republic. The Moravian Empire was conquered by people from the east called Magyards.
- 19. THE CZECH IN THE MIDDLE AGES The tribes of czech republic were united under the Premyslid Dinasty. In 905 Bohemia became part of the Holy Roman Empire. In the 13th century, Bohemia (Czech Republic) prospered. They discovered silver ang gold and many people wanted to live there. Towns and trade flourished. The Premyslid dinasty ended in 1306 when Vaclav III was assassinated. The 14th century was a golden age for the czech. The throne was given to John of Luxembourg. He was most of his time abroad while his son was ruling. This made Bohemia rich and powerful.
- 20. THE HUSSITES The 15th century is marked by conflicts between the Protestants and the Roman Catholic Church. At the beginning of the century, a reform movement (reformance) was started and led by priest John Huss (Jan Hus). Hus' ideology didnt like the Church and Hus was burned at the stake in 1415. The killing of Hus started a massive protest movement by his followers, the Hussites. In 1419, the First Defenestration of Prague took place when the Hussites threw seven counsellors out of the windows of Prague New Town Hall. The religious Hussite wars were then sweeping the country from 1420 to 1434 when the last battle, the Battle of Lipany, took place. After some 20 years without a ruler, the Hussites elected a Czech Protestant, George of Podbrady(Ji z Podbrad), as the country's new king in 1458. The "Hussite king" Ji became another beloved king in Czech history. He led a policy of peace and wished to unite the whole Europe in one peaceful nation. Even after his death, during the reign of the Polish Wladislaw and Ludwig Jagellons, Protestants and Catholics lived peacefully side by side.
- 21. THE CZECH UNDER HABSBURG RULE A Habsburg, Ferdinand I, ascended the throne in 1526. The Czechs rebelled in 1618, precipitating the Thirty Years' War (16181648). Defeated in 1620, they were ruled for the next 300 years as part of the Austrian empire. Full independence from the Habsburgs was not achieved until the end of World War I, following the collapse of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire. A nationalist movement called the National Revival (nrodn obrozen) started at the end of the 18th century, attempting to bring the Czech language, culture and national identity back to life. Some of the most prominent figures of the revival movement were Josef Dobrovsk and Josef Jungmann who succeeded in introducing the study of the Czech language in schools, and historian Frantiek Palack, author of the History of
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