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- 1. Culture Mr. A South High Room 252
2. Definition of Culture
- Culture is the total way of life shared by members of a community.It includes not only language, values, and symbolic meanings but also technology and material objects.
3. 2 Categories of Culture
- Nonmaterial culture;
- language, values, rules, knowledge, and shared meanings
- Material culture;
- physical objects that a society produces-tools, streets, sculptures, and toys, etc
4. Common Assumptions
- Culture isproblem solving
- Culture isrelative
- Culture is asocial product
5. Culture isproblem solving
- People everywhere face common issues;
- -raise children to replace them and their way of life
6. Culture isrelative
- methodological relativism : cultural practices can only be understood relative to the culture in which they exist (e.g., is Yanomam endocannibalism nutritional or religious?).
- ethical relativism : there is no basis to judge whether a particular cultural practice is good or bad. That is, all cultures and cultural values are equally valid, of equal worth, and equal dignity - we should have tolerance and respect for any cultural practice. This is a non-scientific proposition because it cannot be evaluated scientifically.
7. Culture isrelative
8. Culture is asocial product
- People learn culture, and, as they use it they modify it and change it.
- Culture depends or relies on language.
- Culture is cumulative
9. Carriers of Culture
- Communicating with symbols.
- Language as embodiment of culture
- Language as symbol
- Language as framework
- Shared ideas about desirable goals
- Shared rules of conduct
13. Social Control
15. Cultural Diversity
16. Subculture 17. Counterculture 18. Assimilation or Multiculturism 19. Deafness as Subculture 20. Sources of Cultural Diversity and Change
- Cultural Diffusion
- Mass Media
21. Environment 22. Isolation 23. Cultural Diffusion 24. Technology 25. Mass Media