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  • Rule of Law - Security - Governance

    CRSS

    Annual Security Report

    2016

  • Author: Muhammad Nafees

    Editors: Imtiaz Gul and Zeeshan Salahuddin

    CRSS

    Annual Security Report

    2016

  • Introduction

    Pakistan recorded a significant decline in violence related casualties in the year 2016, continuing a two-year trend. Terrorism began losing momentum after the launch of Operation Zarb-e-Azb, launched in mid 2014, in the tribal areas. The results of the continued kinetic operations are now quite evident and manifest in the improved security situation. However the root cause of extremism still exists, and remains largely unaddressed.

    The militants, facing the onslaught of the military operations and the tightening of the law enforcement noose began fleeing the country and evolved new strategies. They targeted geographical areas and population centers that were softer, least protected, and unprecedented. In addition, they deployed a wider array of improvised explosive weapons and suicide bombers despite strong resistance by the security personnel.

    Another major change observed was the escalation of fatalities from violence in those provinces that earlier experienced a decline while an inversely opposite trend was observed in other provinces. Violence in Balochistan spiked, while in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Sindh, it declined significantly.

    A large number of high profile Pakistani militants hiding in the bordering areas of Afghanistan were killed in US drone attacks during 2016. Some Pakistani as well as foreign-born descendants of Pakistani nationals, under the influence of the Islamic State (IS), took up arms in foreign countries. As a result, they were either eliminated or arrested during security operations in their adopted countries.

    The assessment and review of all these incidents of violence are discussed in detail in this report based on the data CRSS has collected during the year from open sources, i.e national print and electronic media. CRSS endeavors to ensure that the data is as accurate as possible within the available sources. However, it does not rule out errors and omissions, which are always a possibility in handling and working on statistics. Such mistakes, nevertheless, do not significantly impact the overall outcome and conclusions of this report.

    Readers can approach CRSS for information related to this report. Alternately, you may want send your queries to mail@crss.pk, directly to Mohammad Nafees, Senior Research Fellow, CRSS, who authored this report

    (zeeshan@crss.pk) the (mohammad.nafees@yahoo.com) or Zeeshan Salahuddin, Senior Research Fellow editor.

  • Table of Contents

    Acronyms ................................ .......................................................................................................... 5 Casualties of Violence in the Country ................................................................................................ 7 Victims of Violence in Pakistan .................................. ........................................................................ 12

    Fatalities of Civilians .......................................................................................................................... 12 Polio Workers ............................................................................................................................... 12 Professionals ................................................................................................................................ 13 Businessmen ................................................................................................................................. 15

    Fatalities of Political and Religious Party Activists ............................................................................ 16 Fatalities of Security Officials ............................................................................................................ 19 Fatalities of Militants, Insurgents and Criminals ............................................................................... 22

    Militants ....................................................................................................................................... 22 Insurgents ..................................................................................................................................... 24 Criminals ....................................................................................................................................... 25

    Nature and Methods of Violence Used ................................ ....................................................... 27 Key militants, criminals, politicians, foreign agents, and others arrested in 2016 ........................... 30

    Casualties of Violence in Balochistan ................................................................................................ 31 Casualties of Violence in FATA ..................................................................................................... .... 38 Casualties of Violence in KP ............................................................................................................. 42 Casualties of Violence in Punjab .................................. ...................................................................... 48 Casualties of Violence in Sindh .................................. .................................. .................................. ... 54 Casualties of Violence in Islamabad, AJK, and GB .................................. .................................. ........ 62 Sectarian Violence in Pakistan .................................. .................................. .................................. .... 64 Conclusion .................................. ..................................................................... .................................... 70

  • 5

    CRSS Annual Security Report - 2016

    Acronyms

    Acronym Meaning AJK Azad Jammu Kashmir

    ANF Anti-Narcotics Force ANP Awami National Party AQ Al - Qaida AQIS Al-Qaida in the Indian Subcontinent ASWJ

    Ahle

    Sunnat

    Wal

    Jamaat

    BDU

    Bomb

    Disposal

    Unit

    BKU

    Bacha

    Khan

    University

    BLA

    Balochistan

    Liberation

    Army BLF

    Baloch

    Liberation

    Front

    BLT

    Baloch

    Liberation

    Tigers BRA

    Baloch

    Republican

    Army

    BRP

    Baloch

    Republican

    Party CIA

    Central

    Intelligence

    Agency

    CMG

    Chotu

    Mazari

    Gang

    CNIC

    Computerized

    National

    Identity

    Card

    CRSS

    Center

    for

    Research

    and

    Security

    Studies

    CTD

    Counter

    Terrorism

    Department

    DC

    District

    Commissioner

    FATA

    Federally

    Administered

    Tribal

    Areas

    FC

    Frontier

    Corps

    FIA

    Federal

    Investigation

    Agency

    GB

    Gilgit

    Baltistan

    GHQ

    General

    Headquarters

    HuT Hizbut Tahrir

    IED Improvised Explosive Device

    ISB

    Islamabad

    ISI

    Inter-Services

    Intelligence

    JA Jamaat-ul-Ahrar

    JeM

    Jaish-e-Mohammed

    JI Jamaat-e-Islami

    JSMM

    Jeay

    Sindh

    Muttahida

    Mahaz

    JSQM-B

    Jeay

    Sindh

    Qaumi

    Mahaz

    JST

    Jeay

    Sindh

    Tehreek

    JuA

    Jamat-ul-Ahrar

    JUI-F

    Jamiat

    Ulema-e-Islam

    Fazl-ur-Rehman

    Group

    KP

    Khyber

    Pakhtunkhwa

    LEA

    Law

    Enforcement

    Agency

    LeJ

    Lashkar-e-Jhangvi

    LeJ-AA

    Lashkar-e-Jhangvi

    Al

    Alami

    LeJ-NB

    Lashkar-e-Jhangvi

    Naeem

    Bokhari

    LGB

    Local

    Governing

    Body

    LI Lashkar-i-Islam

    MPA

    Member

    of

    Provincial

    Assembly

    MQM Muttahida Quami Movement

    MQM - P Muttahida Quami Movement – Pakistan

    JUD Jamaat-ul-Dawa

    IS Islamic State

    © Center for Research and Security Studies - 2017

  • 6

    CRSS Annual Security Report - 2016

    MQM-H Muttahida Qaumi Movement – Haqiqi MWM Majlis Wahdat-e-Muslimeen NAP National Action Plan NDS National Directorate of Security NP National Party PAF Pakistan Air Force PML-N Pakistan Muslim League – Nawaz Group PPP Pakistan People’s Party PSP Pak Sarzameen Party PTI Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf RAW Research and Analysis Wing SL Sri Lanka SMM Sindh Muttahida Mahaz SRA Sindhudesh Revolutionary Army SSP Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan ST Sunni Tehreek STP Sindh Taraqqi-pasand Party TTP Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan TTP-ATAJ Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan – Al-Tauheed Al-Jihad TTP-AM Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan – Abid Muchar TTP-GB Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan – Gul Bahadur TTP-GAR Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan – Gul Abdul Rehman TTP-HM Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan – Hakeemullah Mehsud TTP-J Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan – Jundullah TTP-JA Tehreek-

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