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Creating a Healthy Workplace

Creating a Healthy Workplace Healthy work environments do not just happen, they must be created and promoted.

1ObjectivesAnalyze the effectiveness of Health Promotion Programs through the presentation and evaluation of research.

Understand the benefits and importance Health Promotion Programs have on the employer and employee including increases in productivity, financial gain, and decreased absenteeism.

Provide employers with the tools and skills necessary to implement Health Promotion Programing in their workplace.

2What is Workplace Wellness? Any health promotion and protection strategies implemented at the worksite that includes programs, policies, benefits, environmental supports, and links to the surrounding community designed to encourage the health and safety of all employees.

Cdc. "Workplace Health Program Definition and Description." United States Center for Disease Control (n.d.): n. pag. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC. Web. 11 May 2015.

We currently have the first generation of children expected to live shorter lives than that of their parents. Due to obesity todays younger generations could end up living an average of 2-5 years less, than that of their parents.

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/03/17/health/17obese.html?_r=03Why are Health Promotion Programs important in the workplace? For Employers:Lower health care and disability costsEnhanced employee productivityDecreased rates of illness, injuries, and employee absenteeismEnhanced corporate imageImproved employee morale, recruitment, and retentionIncreased organizational commitment and creation of a culture of health

For Employees:Increased health status, well-being, self-image, and self-esteemImproved coping skills with stress or other factors affecting healthLower costs for acute health issuesLower out of pocket costs for health care services (e.g., reduced premiums; deductibles; co-payments)Increased access to health promotion resources and social supportSafer and more supportive work environment with improved job satisfaction

Harvard Business Review estimates there is a $2.71 return on every dollar put into a workplace wellness program.

Full time workers spend over 1/3 of their day at work.

4Where to start?Establish a Wellness CommitteeAdminister an employee surveyAssess needsSet goalsProvide Health ScreeningsCreate Workplace Health ProgramEvaluate Program

Survey:What Type of health reforms would they like to see at their workplace?What benefits would they hope to get from a health and wellness worksite program?What activities would they be interested in participating in?etc.

http://www.healthyworkers.gov.au/internet/hwi/publishing.nsf/Content/healthyweight5Areas to focus on?Physical ActivityNutritionMental Health/Stress ManagementSafety and PreventionWorkplaceDrivingTobacco Use

Physical ActivityPhysical CommuteAt your Desk: Standing Desk/Treadmill DeskFitness BallDesk Fitness BandsAnkle WeightsDesk StretchesFitness Breaks On the go meetingsTake the Stairs

Adults need at least 30 minutes per day of physical activity. The good news is that that studies have shown these 30 minutes do not need to be completed all at one. As long as you are active for a minimum of 10 minutes 3 times per day you will receive the same benefits.

According to the California Department of Public Health workplace physical activity can increase productivity by up to 52%.

According to the CDC an overweight male misses an average 56% more days per year of work than an average weight male.

Physical Commute: Offer a place employees can leave their bike or rollerblades.

7Physical ActivitiesGroup Activities:Walking ClubsFitness challengesFitness center membershipSports leagueFitness camps/Exercise ClassesGroup ClassesMinute to win it challenges

Site Based Activities Health FairsBlood Pressure ScreeningsCholesterol ScreeningsFlu shots

8NutritionGood Nutrition lowers the risk of:Heart DiseaseStrokeSome cancersDiabetesOsteoporosisHyperlipidemia (High Cholesterol)Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) Obesity

EmphasizeFruitsVegetablesWhole GrainsLow Fat DairyLean meatsLimitSodiumSugarsSaturated FatTrans Fat

9NutritionSmall ChangesSmaller PlatesHealthy Office MeetingsPlace nutrition food firstKeep food off of tableCater from healthy restaurants Offer free educational materialschoosemyplate.govNutrition.govVending MachineFruit BowlWeekly Recipes

Support drinking waterSpill proof cupsFree waterWater/Ice MachineLemonSugar free flavoring packetsHealthier Break room optionsZero Calorie SweetenersLight/Fat Free Creamers Office ChallengesRecipe makeover Best Sugar free fruit dessertBest low calorie/fat vegetable dip

Office Meetings- Host a low calorie, low sugar, whole grain, etc. potluck. - Place healthier options first.

One study showed that when candy was placed at workers desks, versus 6 ft. away, workers ate an average of 5 more candies per day, adding up to 125 calories per day or 12 pounds per year.

http://www.cdc.gov/workplacehealthpromotion/implementation/topics/nutrition.html10Mental Health and Stress Management Coping strategiesNutrition Limit caffeine , sugars, and saturated fatsPhysical Activity30 Minutes per day (adults) Sleep7-9 hours (adults)Limit Smoking and Alcohol consumptionFinancial Management Relaxation techniquesQuiet spacePlan regular breaks

Handouts

35-45% of absenteeism from work is due to mental health problems (WHO)

75-90% of all visits to primary-care physicians are due to stress related disorders.

Stress is linked to the 6 leading causes of death in North America, heart disease, cancer, stroke, chronic lower respiratory disease, accidents, and diabetes.

The average working time lost due to stress has risen by 36% since 1995

In a 3 month period, patients with depression (which is about 20% of adults 55 older) missed an average of 4.8 work days and suffer 11.5 days of reduced productivity.

In a recent study employers saved more the $2,600 annually for each employee who received treatment for their depression.

In a study conducted by the Harvard school of medicine researches found the employees who received telephone psychotherapy improved productivity by 2.6 hours of extra work per week or over 130 hours per year worth about $1,800 per year-while the intervention cost the employers an average of $100-$400 per treated employee. "Mental Health Problems in the Workplace - Harvard Health." Harvard Health. Harvard Health Publications, 1 Feb. 2010. Web. 15 May 2015.

In the United States, each worker with depression costs his or her employersapproximately US$3000. The majority of costs for employers are related to absenteeismand loss of productivity rather than treatment11What can you do as the employer?Improve communicationDefine roles and responsibilitiesMake communication friendly and efficient Consult your employeesDiscuss scheduling and work rulesOpportunities for career developmentPraiseRewards and incentivesCultivate a friendly social climateOpportunities for social interactionsEffective policiesBe consistent with organizational values

Effective policies-zero tolerance for harassment 12Safety and Prevention MaintenanceCleanlinessPoliciesSeatbeltsTexting and DrivingHand washingSmokingAlcohol consumptionDrillsFireTornado

DressComfortable nonskid shoesJewelryLoose fitting attireProtective clothingEducationProper lifting techniqueFood safetySun SafetyTake breaks

According to OSHA an average of 12 people die everyday due to work related accidents and illnesses. 13What does a supportive wellness environment include?Onsite fitness facilitiesBike RacksHealthy Food Options (vending machines)Flex time for exerciseIncentives/rewards for wellnessHR PoliciesEmployee InvolvementRemindersBenefitsEmployee OrientationPerformance appraisalsSupervisor/Leadership Support

Questions?

Additional Sources Belluck, Pam. "Children's Life Expectancy Being Cut Short by Obesity." The New York Times. The New York Times, 16 Mar. 2005. Web. 19 May 2015.

"Benefits of Health Promotion Programs." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 23 Oct. 2013. Web. 11 May 2015.

Cdc. "Workplace Health Program Definition and Description." United States Center for Disease Control (n.d.): n. pag. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC. Web. 11 May 2015.

"Depression." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 23 Oct. 2013. Web. 15 May 2015.

"Healthy Workplaces." Health Harford, Creating the Healthiest Community in Maryland. Healthy Harford, 2015. Web. 11 May 2015. Friedman, Ron. "Regular Exercise Is Part of Your Job." Harvard Business Review. Harvard Business Publishing, 03 Oct. 2014. Web. 08 May 2015.

Martin, David S. "If You See It, You'll See It, Expert Says." CNN. Cable News Network, 21 Sept. 2007. Web. 19 May 2015.

"Mental Health Problems in the Workplace - Harvard Health." Harvard Health. Harvard Health Publications, 1 Feb. 2010. Web. 15 May 2015. "Office Exercise: Add More Activity to Your Workday." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 08 Feb. 2014. Web. 08 May 2015.

"Physical Activity." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 06 Nov. 2013. Web. 08 May 2015.

"Promoting Physical Activity at Work." Obesity Prevention Source. Harvard. T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 28 Oct. 2012. Web. 08 May 2015.

Segal, Jeanne, Melinda Smith, Lawrence Robinson, and Robert Segal. "Stress at Work." : Tips to Reduce and Manage Job and Workplace St

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