cost effective aptms

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  • How can APTMS costs be reduced?

    Ronald Salis10 July 2015

    Cell: 082 469 6506Email: ronald.salis@gmail.com

  • Is there a need for APTMS & are we deriving the full benefit?

    2

    2

    Key discussion topics

    What are the challenges and what is driving the costs up?3

    How can the costs be reduced?4

    How does the current system operate? 1

    Are there alternatives other an APTMS?5

  • APTMS OVERVIEW

  • Planning/Scheduling

    Feedback/Optimize

    Operate/Monitor

    Passenger info

    Incident management

    Planning

    Demand management

    EfficiencyCost savings

    BRT APTMS Objectives

  • Reporting

    VoiceCommunication

    Passengerinformation

    Monitoring-AVL/SAC/

    incidence management

    On Board System /CCTVSignal Priority

    Planning & scheduling

    APTMSfeatures

  • THE NEED FOR APTMS?

  • Contracts management

    Incident management

    Performance management

    Planning & schedule adherence

    Demand management

    Real-time information

    Improved efficiency

    Reliable service

    Advanced control

    Benefits

    APTMS provides an extensive range of benefits

    Are we realising these benefits in

    full ?Efficient movement of passengers

    Greater performance in controlled environment

    BOC, stakeholders

    Passenger information

    Reports & data analysis

    Consistency when goals achieved European & Gautrainexperience

  • CURRENT APTMS CHALLENGES & COST DRIVERS

  • Challenges

    9

    Implementation

    Specifications

    Specifications too complex

    Not sticking to APTMS core functionality - APTMS core constitutes 40-50% of total system cost

    Bids cover for any shortfalls in

    Financial, skills shortages, risk mitigation, lack of system environment, systems not related to transport scope

    Changes in timelines

    Scope creep

    System environment conditions, signing off

    Raw planning data

    Data-set, Stops etc.

    Lack of APTMS implementation skills

    DoT, decision making

  • Challenges

    10

    Operational Challenges

    Stakeholder management - Philosophy rule by stick & not incentivised, restrained partnerships

    DoT

    APTMS skills set shortage

    Used for contracts management penalise philosophy

    Prescriptive not partnership

    BoC

    Use system to find loopholes

    System not embraced punitive

    Running system in live environment complex

    Supplier maintenance

    Operations requirements from ITS provider

    Lack of operational experience

    High maintenance costs

  • Challenges

    11

    Operational challenges

    Passengers

    Unfamiliar with system capabilities

    When system works public comment

    System under utilised

  • HOW CAN WE REDUCE APTMS COSTS WITHOUT LOSING THE BENEFITS

  • Need for APTMS

    Do we need ALL the benefits?

    Benefits being realised?

    Are there alternatives?

    Core system

    Fleet management?

  • Key area to address

    14

    Stakeholdermanagement

    Contracting

    Implementation gaps

    System

    People

    Customisation to SA market for core functions

  • Feature Functionality Benefit Experience /challenges Core

    Scheduling Route and trip planning tool Fundamental tool for operations. Ensures for complex planning tasks done accurately. Changes to route and timetable plan can be done timeously

    Operational skill set

    Duty Rostering Imported timetable can now be created to tasks assigned for drivers and vehicles ensuring regulations are adhered to

    BOC can execute planned operation

    Operational skill set

    AVL/ Schedule Adherence Control/ Monitoring

    Real time monitoring of vehicle location. Real time status of vehicles vs. planned operation. Indicators to vehicles not adhering to planned operation. Incident Management

    Allows advanced control of the operation. Equips controllers with information to ensure service is being delivered. Non compliance is easily identified and intervention can made.

    Data validity

    Voice Comm Allows Control Center to speak to driver and passengers

    Queries and interventions can be managed quicker

    OnBoard AVA Announces Next Stop Informs passenger that are not familiar with route when to alight

    Data validity

    Stick to the core

  • Feature Functionality Benefit Experience /challenges Core

    Next Stop Display

    Displays Next Stop Informs passenger that are not familiar with route when to alight

    Data validity /not visible in large

    CCTV on bus Monitor and record footage. Security No live stream from vehicles & can only be examined after incident

    Business Intelligence

    Reporting tool Allows for anylis and optimization

    only BI from provider can be used

    Emergency Switch

    Covert emergency switch to raise alarm in critical situation. Alarm signal amplified at CC for immediate attention

    Allows Control Center to listen and make decisive actions

    VMS at stations Real Time Information for passenger in respect to bus time arrival Special messages can be displayed

    Informs passengers to a countdown of arriving busses

    Data validity

  • Feature Functionality Benefit Experience /challengesNon-core options

    Station AVA(Comm)

    Allows for Control Center to make announcement to passengers at stations

    Passenger information can be relayed

    Dependant on PA system (Station infrastructure)

    APC Provides count info on passengers aboard bus

    Vehicle load can be known in real time allowing dispatching decisions to made. Count reports provide use for need analysis

    Accuracy not 100%

    Infotainment Used for providing various formats of information regarding the service including advertising

    Passenger information and can be used for generating additional revenue

    Not used

    TSP Sends request to traffic signal system requesting priority when running late

    Allows busses to adhere to planned schedule

    Currently using outdated technology Not a complete system taking into account affects to other

    Licence Plate Recognition

    Detect number plates and alert non registered vehicles using designated lanes

    Lane Control. Deterrent to defaulters

    Integration to law enforcement authorities required for action required

  • Feature Functionality Benefit Experience /challengesNon-core options

    CCTV on route Monitor and record footage. Security provision

    Security

    Fibre Communication network Allow system connection High cost

    Fleet management

    Vehicle status monitoring Analysis of driver behaviour and diagnostics for vehicle maintenance

  • ALTERNATIVES - FLEET MANAGEMENT?

  • AVL systems were initially designed forbasic applications such as Route planning (delivery and pick-up) Security (cargo protection, stolen car recovery) Navigation (commercial fleets, taxis) Emergency response (Police, Ambulance)

    Never designed for large urban vehicle fleets

    Never designed for public transport

    What they dont do is offer the added functionality and flexibility of todays APTMS systems

  • Other key areas to address

    21

    Stakeholdermanagement

    Contracting

    Implementation gaps

    System

    People

    BRT Implementation team Manage scope creep Learn from other implementations

    Contracts management Contract over a shorter period No loopholes in contract Honor contracts

    Incentivise for good performance Reward for correct behavior Partnerships between all stakeholders

    Upskilling of resources Training Outsourcing skills for limited time

  • Questions

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