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Intro to Christology
Intro to ChristologyUnit 11Who do you say that I am?Mark 8:27Jesus went on with his disciples to the villages of Caesarea Philippi; and on the way he asked his disciples, Who do people say that I am?28And they answered him, John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; and still others, one of the prophets.29He asked them, But who do you say that I am? Peter answered him, You are the Messiah.2
Alexamenos worships his god
c. 200 This early graffito (wall-scratching; singular of graffiti) was discovered in 1857 in a guardroom on Palatine Hill near the Circus Maximus in Rome. Before Christianity, the Jews had already been charged with worshipping an ass; this was probably the basis of this accusation being directed at Christianity.
The criticism is mentioned in several early pagan and Christian works. Minicius Felix sought to refute the pagan notions that "the religion of the Christians is foolish, inasmuch as they worship a crucified man, and even the instrument itself of his punishment. They are said to worship the head of an ass, and even the nature of their father" (Octavius, IX). Tertullian mentioned that the pagans think "our god is an ass's head" (Apology, XVI).
The graffito also represents how contemptible and absurd the idea of a crucified god was to pagan thinking. Perhaps a century earlier, St. Paul had remarked that the crucifixion was "unto the Jews a stumblingblock, and unto the Greeks foolishness" (I Corinthians I.23).10C.S. Lewis
I am trying here to prevent anyone saying the really foolish thing that people often say about Him: Im ready to accept Jesus as a great moral teacher, but I dont accept His claim to be God. That is the one thing we must not say. A man who said the sort of things Jesus said would not be a great moral teacher. He would either be a lunatic on a level with the man who says he is a poached egg or else he would be the Devil of Hell. You must make your choice. Either this man was, and is, the Son of God: or else a madman or something worse. You can shut Him up for a fool, you can spit at Him and kill Him as a demon; or you can fall at His feet and call Him Lord and God. But let us not come with any patronizing nonsense about His being a great human teacher. He has not left that open to us. He did not intend to. Who am I?
Who do you say that I am?
From last nightRead 41-52; 57If we can know about God through our own reason and observation, why did God make Revelation available to us?Throughout history, humans have been seeking God. Why do we have that inborn tendency?What is salvation history?In what ways is Gods loving plan in history fulfilled in the Incarnation?What sources of information can help to assure us that God really exists?Given that faith is a sure and certain gift of God to believe in Him, why should we try to use our reason to reach him?Christology
Christology the reasoned account of Christian faith in Jesus as Christ.serves faith by seeking to understandby understanding faith, one may enter into it more deeply & more responsiblyallows faith to affect more dimensions of life: personal, interpersonal, societal, political, culturalInterplay between Jesus & ChristJesusA particular individual in a historical contextThe historical personUnrepeatable eventChristGreek title of honor identifying Jesus as the anointed one of God (Hebrew: Messiah)The universal beingRecurringPhariseesSadduceesMost influential sectStrict Observance of Law(Oral and Written)
Examples: Nicodemus, Paul
Elite PriestsChosen by Romans to keep the peace.Temple ManagementMajority of the Sanhedrin
Torah alone saves.EssenesZealotsDessert DwellersMonastic Lifestyle b/c city was corrupt
Example: John the BaptistRebellious, MilitantJewish IndependenceBegan the 70 AD RevoltExamples: Simon, Judas?MAJOR JEWISH GROUPSSOCIETAL DIVISIONSUSA (PRESENT DAY)PALESTINE (1ST CENTURY)ROMAN-CONTROLLEDRegionsGALILEE -- WHERE JESUS SPENT MOST OF HIS LIFE; MEANS CIRCLE OF GENTILESSAMARIA BETWEEN JUDEA AND GALILEEJUDEA WHERE JESUS WAS BORN AND DIED
Why cant we all just get along?Jews vs. the Samaritans
What have the Romans done for us?Political Sceneduring Jesus time
Romans built up the landPermitted freedom of religionPeace and Taxes
1ST CENTURYTIMELINE6-4 BC JESUS BIRTH30-33 AD JESUS PUBLIC MINISTRY45-60 PAULS MINISTRY & EPISTLES50 COUNCIL OF JERUSALEM63 NEROS CHRISTIAN PERSECUTIONS66-70 JEWISH REVOLT/DESTRUCTION/DIASPORA70-95 GOSPELS & ACTS WRITTEN80-150 REVELATION & OTHER LETTERSFrom last nightRead 57-68; 71What is significant about Christianity being rooted in Judaism?Explain how the Gospels developed.What criteria did the early Church Fathers use to determine which books formed the canon of the New Testament?Name the two primary ways that Church passes on Revelation and explain how these ways are related.Magisterium the official, authoritative teaching voice of the ChurchExplain the difference between Tradition and tradition?How do we know that the beliefs and teachings of the Church really come from God?Why did they write the Gospels then?
Parousia (Gk triumphal return); the return of Jesus in glory at the end of time (the second coming).Everybody is dying! (persecutions, revolt, diaspora)What was Neros problem?The GospelsGospel (Gk) euangelion; good announcement.Evangelist one who tells the good news.Gospels emphasize a basis of faith not historical Jesus.They dont give us a historical portrait of Jesus; they give us a portrait of faith.Historical Consciousness: Everything written was in a particular time and place.Your view of Jesus is also within a particular time and place. And hopefully it matures as you grow older.27