Copyright for the Digital Arts and Humanities

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  1. 1. Copyright for the Digital Arts and Humanities Dr Eoin ODell (TCD)
  2. 2. http://dahphd.ie/ & https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Copyright_crystal_orange.png & https://pixabay.com/en/neon-four-numbers-numerals-sign-145088/
  3. 3. Image source: http://dri.ie/sites/default/files/files/digital-humanities-irelands-opportunity.pdf
  4. 4. Image source: http://dri.ie/sites/default/files/files/digital-humanities-irelands-opportunity.pdf
  5. 5. Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/mikeblogs/3020135605/ So, just what is ?
  6. 6. Copyright and Related Rights Act, 2000 Image source: http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/2000/en/act/pub/0028/index.html
  7. 7. Image source: http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/copyright/copyright-infso/index_en.htm Directive 2001/29/EC
  8. 8. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/76/Berne_Convention_signatories.svg http://www.clker.com/clipart-red-pin-no-shadow.html http://www.wipo.int/portal/index.html.en Berne 1886
  9. 9. Section 17(2)(a) CRRA Image source: https://pixabay.com/en/stamp-characters-label-original-143192/ literary dramatic musical artistic works
  10. 10. Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Work_sign_(Israel_road_sign).png Where the work is made by an employee, copyright vests in the employer subject to any agreement to the contrary Section 23(1)(a) CRRA
  11. 11. copy make available adapt Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Xerox_914.jpg Section 37(1) CRRA
  12. 12. copy make available adapt Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Irish_Drivers_Licence.jpg Section 37(1) CRRA
  13. 13. copy make available adapt Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Irish_Drivers_Licence.jpg Section 37(1) CRRA
  14. 14. copy make available adapt Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Irish_Drivers_Licence.jpg Section 37(1) CRRA
  15. 15. Image source: http://sarahscurr.co.uk/portfolio/#jp-carousel-310 Story source: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/travelnews/11379383/How-an-incredible-coincidence-sparked-a-Facebook-plagiarism-row.html Winner: round 36 of the Telegraph's Big Picture photography competition in 2009 Sarah Scurr, UK San Rafael Glacier Northern Patagonian Ice Field
  16. 16. This is my own non-Photoshopped original Marisol Ortiz Elfeldt, Chile San Rafael Glacier Northern Patagonian Ice Field Image source: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=1536037486671811&set=a.1473317139610513.1073741827.100007967238410&type=1 Story source: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/travelnews/11379383/How-an-incredible-coincidence-sparked-a-Facebook-plagiarism-row.html
  17. 17. Image source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Caledonian_Star_in_Paradise_Bay.jpg
  18. 18. Image source: http://dri.ie/sites/default/files/files/Going-Digital-digital-version.pdf
  19. 19. Image source: http://dri.ie/sites/default/files/files/Going-Digital-digital-version.pdf GOING DIGITAL CREATING CHANGE IN THE HUMANITIES Standards Metadata, Vocabularies, Ontologies .
  20. 20. Image source: http://www.djei.ie/science/ipr/crc_consultation_paper.pdf & http://www.djei.ie/publications/science/2013/CRC-Report.pdf
  21. 21. Image source: http://dri.ie/sites/default/files/files/digital-humanities-irelands-opportunity.pdfImage source: Digital technologies can also be used to create new or augmented artefacts in the humanities
  22. 22. Image source: http://dri.ie/sites/default/files/files/digital-humanities-irelands-opportunity.pdfImage source: Q: what are the copyright implications of digitisation of late C20th archive photographs for online exhibitions?
  23. 23. Image source: https://twitter.com/TheEllenShow/status/440322224407314432
  24. 24. Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selfie#mediaviewer/File:Macaca_nigra_self-portrait.jpg
  25. 25. Image source: http://www.psdgraphics.com/file/gold-copyright-symbol.jpg Q Do you want to use others data? A Old Public Domain Public sector data Permission Licences Exceptions Links
  26. 26. Image source: http://www.psdgraphics.com/file/gold-copyright-symbol.jpg Q Do you want to use others data? A Old Public Domain Public sector data Permission Licences Exceptions Links
  27. 27. life of author plus 70 years (in the EU) Section 24(1) CRRA James Joyce died 13 January 1941 Image source: http://www.cearta.ie/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/JoyceNWM.jpg
  28. 28. Image source: http://www.publicdomainday.org/sites/www.publicdomainday.eu/files/World_copyright-terms.jpg Life plus 50 Life plus 70 Life plus 90
  29. 29. Image source: http://geek-and-poke.com/geekandpoke/2006/10/15/copyright-and-academic-freedom.html
  30. 30. Image source: http://1641.tcd.ie/index.php
  31. 31. Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/dynamosquito/4265771518 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle born 22 May 1859 died 7 July 1930 PD EU 1 Jan 2001
  32. 32. Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/dynamosquito/4265771518 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle born 22 May 1859 died 7 July 1930 US pre 1 Jan 1923 now in public domain comprising 4 novels and 46 stories
  33. 33. Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/dynamosquito/4265771518 In the Company of Sherlock Holmes. Stories Inspired by the Holmes Canon Laurie R King & Leslie S Klinger (eds) (Pegasus Books, 2014)
  34. 34. Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/dynamosquito/4265771518 Klinger v Doyle Estate 10 stories in copyright until c.2021 CA 7th Cir 16 Jun 2014 (Posner J) Cert denied 3 Nov 2014
  35. 35. Image source: http://dh.tcd.ie/letters1916/
  36. 36. Image source: http://dh.tcd.ie/letters1916/about/copyright/
  37. 37. Image source: http://dh.tcd.ie/letters1916/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/700f51988406f6e7e20de7a658e7c7c0-279x300.jpg Letter from James Stephens to John MacDonagh dated 24 August 1916
  38. 38. Image source: http://dh.tcd.ie/letters1916/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/700f51988406f6e7e20de7a658e7c7c0-279x300.jpg Assume an unpublished 1916 diary If diarist died on or before 31 December 1944 Then the text is no longer within copyright Transcribed in 1916 Is this just a copy of the original? Is this an infringing copy? Does this create a new copyright work? If transcriber died in 1958 Then any copyright will persist until 1 January 2029
  39. 39. Image source: http://www.psdgraphics.com/file/gold-copyright-symbol.jpg Q Do you want to use others data? A Old Public Domain Public sector data Permission Licences Exceptions Links @cearta for @TLRHub on #CopyEdDis
  40. 40. Image source: http://www.psdgraphics.com/file/gold-copyright-symbol.jpg Q Do you want to use others data? A Old Public Domain Public sector data Permission Licences Exceptions Links
  41. 41. Image source: https://pbs.twimg.com/media/BqIJ-aFCcAAAr9c.jpg via https://twitter.com/xor/status/477955490719092736/photo/1
  42. 42. Image sources: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Internet2.jpg and http://pixabay.com/en/public-domain-sign-symbol-icon-98568/ No CRRA copyright waiver provisions But possible on general principles
  43. 43. Image source: http://www.psdgraphics.com/file/gold-copyright-symbol.jpg Q Do you want to use others data? A Old Public Domain Public sector data Permission Licences Exceptions Links
  44. 44. Image source: http://www.psdgraphics.com/file/gold-copyright-symbol.jpg Q Do you want to use others data? A Old Public Domain Public sector data Permission Licences Exceptions Links
  45. 45. Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/5265955179/sizes/o/
  46. 46. Image source: http://dri.ie/sites/default/files/files/digital-humanities-irelands-opportunity.pdfImage source: A key enabler for Open Data is sustained e-infrastructures with data management planning and digital preservation of the holdings.
  47. 47. Image source: http://dri.ie/sites/default/files/files/Going-Digital-digital-version.pdf GOING DIGITAL CREATING CHANGE IN THE HUMANITIES Recommendation: Encourage openness Open Access to data and infrastructures enables enhanced research, research integrity and cost-effectiveness.
  48. 48. Image source: http://psi.gov.ie/
  49. 49. Image source: http://psi.gov.ie/& http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2013:175:0001:0008:EN:PDF Directive 2003/98/EC SI No 279 of 2005 Circular 32/05 Exempt incl cultural institutions, eg libraries, museums, archives Assimilating
  50. 50. Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/spiritual_marketplace/2273665053 You will be assimilated Resistance is futile
  51. 51. Assimilating cultural institutions, but with some special rules Not a full right to reuse cultural institutions documents Only documents where reuse has previously been allowed are reusable Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/spiritual_marketplace/2273665053 (detail)
  52. 52. Assimilating cultural institutions, but with some special rules Cultural institutions can charge re-users based on the principle of full costs recovery, including a reasonable return on investment. Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/spiritual_marketplace/2273665053 (detail)
  53. 53. Assimilating cultural institutions, but with some special rules Cultural institutions may engage in the award of exclusive exploitation rights if necessary to ensure digitization projects. Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/spiritual_marketplace/2273665053 (detail)
  54. 54. Image source: http://data.gov.ie/
  55. 55. Image source: http://www.per.gov.ie/minister-howlin-launches-open-data-licences-paper-for-public-consultation-at-public-service-seminar/ Minister launches Open Data Licences paper for public consultation at a Public Service seminar
  56. 56. Image source: http://dublindashboard.ie/pages/index
  57. 57. Image source: http://www.psdgraphics.com/file/gold-copyright-symbol.jpg Q Do you want to use others data? A Old Public Domain Public sector data Permission Licences Exceptions Links
  58. 58. Image source: http://www.psdgraphics.com/file/gold-copyright-symbol.jpg Q Do you want to use others data? A Old Public Domain Public sector data Permission Licences Exceptions Links
  59. 59. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Insurance_contract.jpg & http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/75/Samuel_Goldwyn_001.jpg
  60. 60. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Insurance_contract.jpg & https://www.flickr.com/photos/everydaylifemodern/1296418097
  61. 61. Image source: http://chrishadfield.ca/space-oddity/ And now, we are so happy to be able to announce that my on-orbit cover of Space Oddity is back up on YouTube. This time we have a new 2-year agreement, and it is there, for free, for everyone.
  62. 62. Image source: http://www.psdgraphics.com/file/gold-copyright-symbol.jpg Q Do you want to use others data? A Old Public Domain Public sector data Permission Licences Exceptions Links
  63. 63. Image source: http://www.psdgraphics.com/file/gold-copyright-symbol.jpg Q Do you want to use others data? A Old Public Domain Public sector data Permission Licences Exceptions Links
  64. 64. Image source: http://www.ifrro.org/members/irish-copyright-licensing-agency used by kind permission of the ICLA
  65. 65. Image source: https://creativecommons.org & https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creative_Commons_license
  66. 66. Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bespoke_tailoring#/media/File:TailoringFirstFitFront01.jpg Bespoke licence
  67. 67. Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bespoke_tailoring#/media/File:TailoringFirstFitFront01.jpg Bespoke licence Example A repository could license a data set for teaching and research purposes only And have this bespoke teaching and research purposes licence as part of a suite of licences available on a drop-down menu
  68. 68. Image source: https://pixabay.com/en/photography-permit-photographer-507776/
  69. 69. Image source: http://www.psdgraphics.com/file/gold-copyright-symbol.jpg Q Do you want to use others data? A Old Public Domain Public sector data Permission Licences Exceptions Links
  70. 70. Image source: http://www.psdgraphics.com/file/gold-copyright-symbol.jpg Q Do you want to use others data? A Old Public Domain Public sector data Permission Licences Exceptions Links
  71. 71. Image source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/2/28/Smithfieldhorse.jpg Part II Chapter 6 CRRA Fair Dealing
  72. 72. Image source: https://books.google.ie/ estimated 30 million retro-digitised books is only the publicly known side of large scale cultural corpora.
  73. 73. Section 52(1) CRRA incidental inclusion Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Penyulap/Barnstars#/media/File:Starry-night-in-moma-gallery.jpg
  74. 74. Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Penyulap/Barnstars#/media/File:Starry-night-in-moma-gallery.jpg Q: can a production company use the cover of a book or the cover of a sound recording as part of a film or TV documentary?
  75. 75. Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Penyulap/Barnstars#/media/File:Starry-night-in-moma-gallery.jpg Fraser-Woodward Ltd v BBC [2005] EWHC 472 (Ch) (23 March 2005)
  76. 76. Image source: http://dri.ie/sites/default/files/files/digital-humanities-irelands-opportunity.pdfImage source: Once rendered into digital format, artefacts and records become a new and rich source of information for scholarship that can be interrogated and mined in illuminating ways
  77. 77. Image source: http://www.djei.ie/science/ipr/crc_consultation_paper.pdf & http://www.djei.ie/publications/science/2013/CRC-Report.pdf
  78. 78. Image source: via http://www.pixabay.com & http://www.dataiq.co.uk Content Mining
  79. 79. Image source: http://dri.ie/sites/default/files/files/digital-humanities-irelands-opportunity.pdfImage source:
  80. 80. Image source: http://www.djei.ie/science/ipr/crc_consultation_paper.pdf & http://www.djei.ie/publications/science/2013/CRC-Report.pdf
  81. 81. Heritage Format shifting for archival or preservation purposes Catalogues Digital deposit Public lectures Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/hannesambrosch/8754871950/sizes/o/ Galleries, Libraries, Archives, Museums
  82. 82. Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Thomas_kennington_orphans_1885.jpg The European Union (Certain Permitted Uses of Orphan Works) Regulations 2014 (SI 490 of 2014) Transposing Directive 2012/28/EU of 25 October 2012 on certain permitted uses of orphan works In force since 29 October 2014
  83. 83. Image source: http://www.djei.ie/science/ipr/crc_consultation_paper.pdf & http://www.djei.ie/publications/science/2013/CRC-Report.pdf
  84. 84. Image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Thomas_kennington_orphans_1885.jpg Q: If a firm closes down, but the heirs to the founders of the firm are still alive, whats the status of that firms business records? Are they orphan works, since the firm closed down, or do the heirs hold the copyright to those records?
  85. 85. Image source: http://dri.ie/sites/default/files/files/Going-Digital-digital-version.pdf GOING DIGITAL CREATING CHANGE IN THE HUMANITIES Long-term Digital Preservation
  86. 86. Image source: http://www.psdgraphics.com/file/gold-copyright-symbol.jpg Q Do you want to use others data? A Old Public Domain Public sector data Permission Licences Exceptions Links
  87. 87. a clickable link is a communication but not to a new public Svensson v Retriever Sverige AB Case C-466/12 CJEU 13 Feb 2014 [25] Image source: http://books.google.ie/books?id=hxxAAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA385#v=onepage&q&f=false
  88. 88. Image source: http://www.djei.ie/science/ipr/crc_consultation_paper.pdf & http://www.djei.ie/publications/science/2013/CRC-Report.pdf
  89. 89. Image source: http://dri.ie/sites/default/files/files/Going-Digital-digital-version.pdf GOING DIGITAL CREATING CHANGE IN THE HUMANITIES Linked Data is data published on the Web following a set of principles designed to promote linking between entities on the Web. . It is set to become a formal standard of the W3C and will be a fundamental part of the future of the Web.
  90. 90. Image source: http://lod-cloud.net/ Data sets and their connections August 2014
  91. 91. http://www.europeanaconnect.eu/img/46-63-europeana-group.jpg & http://dri.ie/sites/default/files/files/Going-Digital-digital-version.pdf Europeana is piloting Linked Data to encourage exchange and re-use of its data
  92. 92. Image source: http://dri.ie/sites/default/files/files/digital-humanities-irelands-opportunity.pdfImage source:
  93. 93. Image source: http://www.djei.ie/science/ipr/crc_consultation_paper.pdf & http://www.djei.ie/publications/science/2013/CRC-Report.pdf
  94. 94. Image source: https://pixabay.com/en/copyright-stars-european-circle-40632/
  95. 95. Image source: http://ec.europa.eu/index_en.htm as part of the Digital Single Market Strategy, the Commission will modernise EU legislation on copyright
  96. 96. Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights: Thirtieth Session (Geneva, Switzerland) 29 June 2015 to 3 July 2015 7. Limitations and exceptions for libraries and archives 8. Limitations and exceptions for educational and research institutions Image source: http://www.wipo.int/meetings/en/details.jsp?meeting_id=35590
  97. 97. Image source: http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/2980019
  98. 98. Image source: http://www.dri.ie/public-lecture-copyright-digital-arts-and-humanities-dr-eoin-odell
  99. 99. Image: http://pixabay.com/en/thank-you-thanks-official-card-603996/ QUESTIONS?

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