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    Unit 1 Fantasy Literature 4

    -Talking about J. R. R Tolkien and his books

    -The Lord of the Rings novels and movies

    -Discovery of J. R. R. Tolkien’s letter

    Unit 2 Studying Abroad 10

    -Talking about the experience of student exchange program

    -The benefits of studying abroad

    -Popularity of studying abroad in Korea

    Unit 3 Going on a Diet 16

    -Counselling and consultation about diet

    -The most effective way to lose weight

    -Teenagers going on extreme diets

    Unit 4 Story about Movies 22

    -Interview with a movie director and actress

    -The differences between old and modern movies

    -Korean movie actor staging a silent protest

    Unit 5 Having a Summer Job 28

    -Talking about summer job experiences

    -The reasons students have a summer job

    -A high school student who runs his own business

    Unit 6 Superstitions in Sports 34

    -Talking about different kinds of superstitions in sports

    -Sports Illustrated Cover Jinx

    -Interview with the manager of the Toledo Mud Hens

  • Unit 7 The Secret of Mona Lisa 40

    -The Mona Lisa and its mysteries

    -How the Mona Lisa was stolen and recovered

    -The world tour of the Mona Lisa

    Unit 8 The Way You Sleep 46

    -Talking about six different sleeping positions

    -REM Sleep

    -Teenagers and their sleeping hours

    Unit 9 Natural Disasters 52

    -Taking an oral test for Geography

    -Different kinds of natural disasters

    -The eruption of the Mount Mayon Volcano

    Unit 10 Making Chocolate 58

    -Making chocolate from scratch

    -How chocolate is made

    -Chocolate and health

    Unit 11 Fear and Phobia 64

    -Talking about personal fear

    -Rational and irrational fear

    -People with phobias

    Unit 12 The World of Blog 70

    -At the talk show with one of the earliest bloggers

    -Blook and book

    -A secretary who got into trouble because of blog

  • C M Y B

    The Hobbit by J. R. R. Tolkien The story of The Hobbit started with a simple sentence “In a hole in the

    ground, there lived a hobbit” while Tolkien was making school

    certificate papers. The story about a short creature living in a world

    called Middle-earth became an instant and enduring classic. Although

    the book was first written as a children’s book, it is commonly

    understood as a link between earlier and later events described in The

    Silmarillion and The Lord of the Rings. With the success of the book, The Hobbit, J. R. R.

    Tolkien got the opportunity to start a multivolume epic, The Lord of the Rings.

    4 Unit 1

    Listen and match the definition with the correct word. 1. a. lexicographer

    2. b. literature

    3. c. draft

    4. d. overwhelm

    5. e. outdated

    6. f. stimulate

    7. g. recommend

    8. h. intrigue

    9. i. admire

    10. j. intricately

    Listen and choose the word that means similar to the word you hear. 1. a. personate b. astonish c. interact

    2. a. old-fashioned b. outnumbered c. up-to-date

    3. a. pursuit b. plan c. please

    4. a. respect b. arousing c. bellowed

    5. a. attract b. convince c. contradict

    Start Listening

  • C M Y B

    Fantasy Literature 5

    Listen to the conversation and answer the questions.

    Choose T for true or F for false.

    1. J. R. R. Tolkien is the author of The Lord of the Rings. T F

    2. Vaughn already read The Lord of the Rings. T F

    3. Janet works as a lexicographer at Oxford University. T F

    4. Elvish was created based on Finnish and Welsh. T F

    5. The plot of The Lord of the Rings is rather complicated. T F

    Choose the correct answer.

    1. What is the main idea of the conversation?

    a. The historical background of the book, The Hobbits.

    b. The profession and life story of J. R. R. Tolkien.

    c. The original story of the movie The Lord of the Rings.

    2. Which of the following statements is correct about J. R. R. Tolkien?

    a. He outlined the Oxford English Dictionary as a lexicographer.

    b. He created a special language based on English and Welsh.

    c. He borrowed the idea for his book from the Harry Potter series.

    3. Which can be considered as a special feature of The Lord of the Rings?

    a. The actual language created by J. R. R. Tolkien based on existing languages

    b. The story about a small and weak character fighting evil for world peace

    c. The most complicated geographical and social background of the characters

    4. Which of the following expresses that Janet prefers J. R. R. Tolkien’s book?

    a. Tolkien’s book has more depth to it.

    b. Tolkien took more than 10 years to complete his story.

    c. Tolkien completed 12 books in his lifetime.

    5. Which of the following will Vaughn most likely do after talking to Janet?

    a. He will take Janet to watch the original movie of J. R. R. Tolkien.

    b. He will join the program to learn the language of elves.

    c. He will borrow the book The Lord of the Rings from a library.

  • C M Y B

    6 Unit 1

    Listen again and fill in the blanks.

    Vaughn: Janet, I finally watched all three of The Lord of the Rings series last night. Although I have heard so

    many things about the movies, it was still .

    Janet : Vaughn, you are . The movie was out like three years ago,

    written by J. R. R. Tolkien.

    Vaughn: Who is J. R. R. Tolkien?

    Janet : You are saying you seriously don’t know who J. R. R. Tolkien is? He is one of

    the greatest mind in history. He is the author of The Hobbit and its sequel The Lord of the Rings and is

    known as the .

    Vaughn: Duh... sorry, I didn’t know that. But I am willing to learn everything about The Lord of the Rings. So was

    he a popular author?

    Janet : Yes, he was. But he started his career as the

    Oxford English Dictionary. I think his special interests in language started then. You know, he created a

    special language, Elvish, based on Finnish and Welsh, which was actually used in his story.

    Vaughn: You mean the elves in the movie were actually speaking a language? There

    just being a fantasy blockbuster.

    Janet : The plot of the story is rather simple. This young hobbit fights evil for

    . But the author created ,

    geography and society for the setting of the stories. I really admire Tolkien for his creation of this


    Vaughn: Have you read all of his books?

    Janet : Indeed, I have. I’ve read The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion.

    Vaughn: So do you think Tolkien’s books are better than the Harry Potter series?

    Janet : I think the Harry Potter series are cute but Tolkien’s work . It took

    for Tolkien to complete the 12 book The Lord of the Rings series.

    I really recommend you read the books. I promise it will be

    the movies.

    Vaughn: 12 books? I guess it will all those.

  • C M Y B

    Fantasy Literature 7

    Listen and write down the answers to the questions below.

    1. How did the fans of the book, The Lord of the Rings, feel about the movie?

    2. Who directed the movie, The Lord of the Rings?

    3. Who are the main characters in Tolkien’s book?

    Complete the Venn Diagram with differences between the Lord of the Rings novels and movies.

    Listen to the passage and take notes while you listen. And answer the questions below.

    “The Lord of the Rings” movie trilogy - the most successful movie adaptation in history - - -

    J. R. R. Tolkien and his story - wrote the story as a reaction to World War II - -




    - directed by Peter Jackson




    - written by Tolkien

    The Lord of

    the Rings

    C M Y K

  • C M Y B

    8 Unit 1

    Listen to the news and answer the questions.

    Listen and fill in the blanks.

    Answer the questions below and discuss them with your classmates.

    1. What was the topic of J. R. R. Tolkien’s letter?

    2. Why do you think literary collectors will be envious?

    3. What are in the Tolkien’s letter?

    Anchor : With news from the world of literature, here’s Elaine Strickland at the Raintree Auction House in

    London. Elaine?

    Reporter : Last week, at the Raintree Auction House reached .

    A sketchpad used by Samuel Beckett was to the Tate Gallery, and

    from Franz Kafka to his friends was . But the biggest prize

    of all was a 12-page letter from J. R. R. Tolkien to his publisher not long before his death. A

    bought it for $42,000. The letter, signed by Tolkien, discusses

    for the fourth book in The Lord of the Rings series.

    Anchor : I can’t believe that this before.

    Reporter : The Tolkien Estate has except this

    one letter. No one knows why the estate didn’t have it. Here is the auctioneer, Mr. Gladbridge.

    Gladbridge : This is and I’m sure it’ll the literary collecting world.

    Reporter : Were you ?

    Gladbridge : Not really. I know a lot of collectors who have often wondered about whether this letter existed. We all

    knew it if discovered.

    Reporter : What’s in the letter?

    Gladbridge : It’s amazing how much detail t