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  • 9주차. Compare and Contrast Essays

  • 9주차. Compare and Contrast Essays

  • Lesson contents

    Compare and Contrast Essays

    - The purpose of essays

    - Useful expressions for similarities

    - Useful expressions for differences

    - The organization of block method

    - The organization of the point-by-

    point method

  • Lesson objectives

    Understanding the organization

    of block method

    Understanding the organization

    of point-by-point method

    Writing compare and contrast

    essays

  • Mission

  • 9주차. Compare and Contrast Essays

  • Compare and Contrast

    Essays Ⅰ

  • The Purpose

    This is the process of identifying

    how things are alike and different.

    Comparing requires you to think

    about the very specific attributes or

    characteristics of the things you’re

    observing and studying.

    1

    What is the purpose of compare and

    contrast essays?

  • The Purpose 1

    What is the purpose of compare and

    contrast essays?

    This essay promotes vocabulary

    development, concept development,

    and higher level thinking. Further,

    compare and contrast essays give

    you a cognitive strategy to help you

    mentally organize the information

    you’re learning.

  • The Purpose 1

    What is the purpose of compare and

    contrast essays?

    Finally, comparing and contrasting

    strategies support learning in all

    areas when two items in a category

    can be analyzed. Categories might

    include places, historical events,

    animal groups, planets, famous

    people, modes of transportation, etc.

  • Comparison Phrases and Sentences 2

    and…too Tokyo has an efficient subway

    system, and Korea does, too.

    both…and Both Japan and Korea are in Asia.

    Useful expressions for similarities

  • similarly

    Tokyo has an efficient subway

    system. Similarly, Korea has an

    efficient subway system.

    likewise

    Tokyo has an efficient subway

    system. Likewise, Korea also has

    an efficient subway system.

    Comparison Phrases and Sentences 2

    Useful expressions for similarities

  • Comparison Phrases and Sentences 2

    Alike Tokyo and Seoul are alike in several

    ways.

    like The weather in Tokyo is like the

    weather in Seoul.

    similar to

    The population of Frankfurt is similar

    to the population of Vienna.

    Useful expressions for similarities

  • Comparison Phrases and Sentences 2

    the same ~ as Bangkok has the same kind of

    weather as Manila.

    the same as

    The altitude of Calcutta is the

    same as the altitude of

    Copenhagen.

    as…as

    Tokyo’s subway system is as

    efficient as Korea’s.

    Useful expressions for similarities

  • Contrast Phrases and Sentences 3

    but

    The Sahara desert has a dry

    climate, but the Amazon rain

    forest has a wet climate.

    different from

    The climate in the Sahara

    desert is very different from

    the climate in the Amazon rain

    forest.

    Useful expressions for differences

  • Contrast Phrases and Sentences 3

    however

    The Sahara desert has a dry

    climate. However, the

    Amazon rain forest has a wet

    climate.

    in contrast

    The Sahara desert has a dry

    climate. In contrast, the

    Amazon rain forest has a wet

    climate.

    Useful expressions for differences

  • Contrast Phrases and Sentences 3

    on the other

    hand

    The Sahara desert has a dry

    climate. On the other hand, the

    Amazon rain forest has a wet

    climate.

    while While the Sahara desert is dry, the

    Amazon rain forest is wet.

    Useful expressions for differences

  • Contrast Phrases and Sentences 3

    whereas

    Whereas the Sahara desert is

    dry, the Amazon rain forest is

    wet.

    unlike Unlike rain forests, deserts get

    very little rain.

    Useful expressions for differences

  • Exercise 4

    There

    are

    several

    differences

    similarities

    between ___

    and ___.

    EX There are several differences

    between Japan and Korea.

    There are several similarities

    between Japan and Korea.

  • Exercise 4

    ___ and ___ are similar

    different

    in many

    ways.

    EX Japanese food and Korean

    food are similar in many ways.

    Japanese food and Korean

    food are different in many

    ways.

  • Exercise 4

    ___ and ___ have several things

    in common.

    EX Japanese and Korea have

    several things in common.

    You and I have many things in

    common.

  • Exercise 4

    A comparison

    between ___

    and ___

    reveals

    shows

    demonstrates

    ______.

  • Exercise 4

    EX A comparison between Japan and Korea reveals some

    surprising similarities.

    A comparison between cyber

    universities and off-line

    universities demonstrates the

    good points and bad points of

    both types of institutions.

  • Task1

  • Write comparison or contrast sentences using the following

    ideas and expressions.

    1) and / too, cats, dogs

  • Write comparison or contrast sentences using the following

    ideas and expressions.

    2) likewise, spaghetti, pizza

  • Drag and drop the comparison or contrast phrases into the blanks.

    contrast, is similar to, both, too, but,

    the other hand, different from, however

    1. Spring weather in Vancouver ____________ spring weather in

    Halifax.

    2. _____ Vancouver and Halifax have rain in the spring.

    3. Thailand has a rainy season, and Korea does ____.

    4. On _________________, winter is much colder in Halifax.

    Answer

  • Drag and drop the comparison or contrast phrases into the blanks.

    contrast, is similar to, both, too, but,

    the other hand, different from, however

    5. ___________ winter is much colder in Halifax.

    6. Vancouver has a warm winter. In _________ Halifax has a cold

    winter.

    7. Vancouver has a mild winter; ______ Halifax has a cold one.

    8. The biting winter in Halifax is very _________ _____ the winters in

    Vancouver.

    Answer

  • When writing compare and contrast essays, it’s important that your topic

    makes sense. Look at the following list of topics. Match each topic on

    the left with a topic on the right to logically form an appropriate

    comparison/contrast essay topic.

  • 1. Brazil’s national football team

    2. Arranged marriages

    3. Gender roles in Arab countries

    4. Homes in Canada

    5. 4-year universities

    6. American SAT

    7. fashion in Seoul

    8. Fast food eateries

    a. Apartments in Korea

    b. 2-year colleges

    c. Korean college entrance exam

    d. relationships based on love

    e. clothing preferences in rural Korea

    f. America’s team

    g. Social hierarchy in Korea

    h. fine dining restaurants

  • Write a sample thesis statement for a compare/contrast

    essay on each of the following topics. Use a variety of

    sentence patterns.

    Topic Thesis statement

    Lotteria and McDonald’s

    North Korea and South Korea

    Jeju Island and Hawaii

  • 9주차. Compare and Contrast Essays

  • Compare and Contrast

    Essays Ⅱ

  • 1

    We can explore things by

    describing the ways in which they

    are the same or similar, or the

    ways in which they are dissimilar

    or different. There are two main

    ways to organize paragraphs

    which involve comparison/contrast.

    Writing compare/contrast essays

  • 1

    One way is to write all the

    properties for one thing and then,

    all the properties for the other thing.

    This shows the similarities and

    differences between the two. We

    call this the block method.

    Writing compare/contrast essays

  • 1

    Another option is to explain all the

    properties of each item alongside

    each opposing property of the other.

    Similarities and difference are

    therefore discussed at the same

    time. This is the point-by-point

    method.

    Writing compare/contrast essays

  • 2

    This is the Block Method

    To