combat trauma, substance dependence, and treatment providers: understanding what we’ll never fully...
Post on 14-Dec-2015
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Combat Trauma, Substance Dependence, and Treatment Providers: Understanding What Well Never Fully Understand Rodney J.S. Deaton, MD, JD Clinical Director, Substance Abuse Treatment Section, Richard L Roudebush VA Medical Center Associate Professor of Clinical Psychiatry, Indiana University School of Medicine Slide 2 The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Prescription drug abuse doubled among US military personnel from 2002 to 2005 and almost tripled from 2005 to 2008. Army soldiers screened 3 to 4 months after returning from deployment to Iraq showed that 27 percent met criteria for alcohol abuse and were at increased risk for related harmful behaviors (e.g., drinking and driving, using illicit drugs). Drug or alcohol abuse... was involved in 30 percent of the Armys suicide deaths from 2003 to 2009 and in more than 45 percent of non-fatal suicide attempts from 2005 to 2009. Slide 3 Goals Workable Model for to Use in Individual and Group Settings A Provocative Encouragement Slide 4 What Doesnt Work Silo Treatment Business as Usual Trauma Treatment (i.e., Combat Trauma = Other Trauma) Slide 5 Seeking Safety Najavits, Lisa M. Seeking Safety: A Treatment Manual for PTSD and Substance Abuse Developing Specific Skills of Emotional Regulation So That More Trauma-Focused Work Can Proceed Slide 6 Judith Hermans Model of Trauma Treatment Phase of Safety Phase of Mourning Phase of Re-Connection Slide 7 The Advantage From the beginning, the veteran is urged to see combat PTSD and substance use disorders as inextricably linked Slide 8 The Recurring Message You never need to use substances to cope. There is always a better (in the long run) alternative Slide 9 Description of Course Twenty-Four Related, Yet Independent Units Focus on Safety (Strength? Principles?) Strong Focus on Case (Self) Management Slide 10 CAVEATS Slide 11 Harm Reduction: Abstinence as Goal, Not as Pre- Requisite Slide 12 Relapse = Trigger for More Focused Interventions, NOT Bump-Up of Care Level Slide 13 Cookbook Therapy --and Safety from Emotional Overload (for both veteran and clinician) Slide 14 Summary Self-Medication Meets Biological Substrate Slide 15 Issues with Combat Trauma/Military Culture Do YOU Have What It Takes? Slide 16 Types of Trauma Acts of God Acts of Others Acts of Self Slide 17 Volunteers in Time of War: Honor and Intensity Slide 18 Love, Rageand Horrific Excitement Dare You Look Inward? Slide 19 Personality and Personality Disorders Entitlement and the Ubiquity of Shame Posttraumatic Identity Slide 20 Readiness Can Your Prescribers Hack It? Are You Physically Ready? Are You Worthy of Respect? or the Art of Managing the Hysterical Slide 21 On Street Hustlers, Rebellious Rakes, and Good-Old Country Boys Slide 22 Further Resources www.seekingsafety.org Van Winkle, Clint. Soft Spots: A Marines Memoir of Combat and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Johnson, James D. Combat Trauma: A Personal Look at Long-Term Consequences Shay, Jonathan. Achilles in Vietnam.