colonial architecture in india

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  1. 1. Group members :- Nakul & Manish
  2. 2. This project on Colonial Architecture in India will help us to : Develop skills to gather data, investigate different view points and reach to a logical justification. Appreciate the idea of architecture used by the Britishers. Understand various features of British Architecture and respect the assimilation of different styles of buildings.
  4. 4. Colonial Architecture consists of two words one being Colonial which refers to colonial India and other being architecture which means the way something is designed Firstly, It is important for us to understand the context or meaning of colonial India. Colonial India is the part of the Indian sub continent. Which was under the control of European colonial powers, through trade and conquest. The first European power to arrive in India was the army of Alexander the great in 327- 326 BC. Later, in the early 19th British Empire built many masterpieces of architecture including the Viceroy lounge in Delhi.
  5. 5. The architectural style of the British period is very Promient in Delhi and is Reprecuted by the central secretariat. Parliament house or the SANSAD BHAWAN and the president house or Rashtrapati Bhawan formerly the British viceroy house the Sperdid Rajpath India gate and New Delhi combining the bet features of the modern English school of architecture with traditional Indian forms. The British followed various architectural styles Gothic Imperial, Christian English renaissance and Victorian being the Ereutials In 1911 king George v passed an order declaring that the Capital would be moved from Calcutta to Delhi. The city was planned systematically combining 20th century architecture. Sir Edwin Lutyens was responsible for the overall plan of Delhi.
  6. 6. Sir Edwin Landseer was a British architect who is known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirement of his era. Delhi which would later on serve as the seat of the government of India. In recognition of his contribution, New Delhi is also known as Lutyens Delhi . In collaboration with Herbert Baker. He was also the main architect of several monuments in New Delhi such as the India gate he also designed the viceroys house.
  7. 7. Sir Herbert baker was a British architect baker was the dominant force in South African Architecture for two decades 1892 1912 among the many churches schools and houses he designed in south Africa are the St Johns College Johannesburg, Wynberg boys school. Cape town In 1912 baker went to India to work with Lutyens and went on to design the secretariat buildings New Delhi and parliament house in new Delhi and the bungalows of members of Parliament. Baker designed the two secretariat building ranking the great axis
  9. 9. The central hall of the parliament has been designed to be circular in shaped the dome is 98 ft (29.87 Meters) in diameter and is Believed that is one of the most Magnificent domes in the world. The central hall is a place of historical importance in India for two reason. The transfer of colonial power to the provisional government under Nehru in 1957 and the framing of the constitution by the constituent assembly took place in this very hall. Originally , the central hall was used as the library of the erstwhile central legislative assembly and the council of states until 1946, when it was converted and refurnished into the constituent assembly hall.
  10. 10. The gate is build as a special memorandum for all the soldiers who belongs to Indian army and to all those who who have gives their lives lighting for the protection of their country. It is considered that approximately 90,000 and more soldiers names have been Encrypted over the walls of India Gates which is a special thing in itself. The Explicit India Gate architecture explains you that there is a huge Path which is also known by the name of Raj path at the end of which is constructed a 42 meters high India gate that was previously known by the name of all India was memorial. The designing of India gate was done by famous architect sir Edwin lutyen. Standing behind the gate is an empty canopy made out of sandstone, also designed by lutyen and inspired by a sixth century pavilion from Mahabalipuram.
  11. 11. The Rashtrapati Bhawan is a large and vast mansion with floors and have 340 rooms. It is built on a floor area of 200,00 square feet (19.000 m2). Vijay chowk in front of Rashtrapati Bhawan and ends at India gates on the western end of the road. The ancillary dome like structure on top of the building is known as a chattri an Intergal part of Indian architectural design.
  12. 12. The Secretariat building was designed by the prominent British architect Herbert baker in Indo Saraceuic revival architecture. Both the identical building have four levels, each with about 1,000 rooms in the inner courtyards to make space for future expansions. In continuation with the viceroy house, these building also used cream and red Dholpur sandstone from Rajasthan with the red Sanstone forming the base. To get heir the building the designed to from two squares. They have broad corridors between different wings and wide stairway to the four floors and each building is topped by a giant dome, while each wings and with colonnaded balcony. Much of the building is in Colonical architectural style, yet it incorporation from Mughal and Rajasthani architecture style. Another feature of the building is a dome like structure known as the Chatri a design unique to India.
  13. 13. The main block of the supreme court building was built on a square Piot of 22 acres and the building was designed by chief of architect Ganesh Bhikaji Deolalikar who was the first Indian to head CPWD and designed the supreme court building in an Indo British architecture style. He was succeeded by Shridher Krishna joglekar. The building is shaped to project the image of scales of justice with the central wing of the building correspond. The chief justices court is the largest of the courtroom located in the centre of the central wing. It has in the centre of the central wing.
  14. 14. The city of Bombay originally consisted of seven island namely Colaba, Mazagoan, old women island Wadala, mahim, parel and matungasion. This group of island, which have since been Joined togeather by a series of reclamation. The company which was operating from Surat was in search for another deeper water port so than larger vessel could dock and found the island of Bombay suitable for development. The British corrupted the Portuguese name Bom Baia to Bombay. The kalis used to call the island Mumbai after Mumbadevi, The Hindu deity. Charles II of England received possession of the island in 1661 as a part of the dowry of Catherine of Brahanza, daughter of King John IV of Portugal and leased them to the English east India company in 1668.
  15. 15. Gothic Architectural Indo Saracenic Style Art Deco
  16. 16. Bombay architecture came to be present through the British in the 18th and early 19th centuries. At first it was the neo classical style of Architecture but then a new style came to exist one that reflect modern European fashion. The classical has an orderly monochromatic presence the gothic style is expressive, disjointed with surface of live color. Bombay city hall was built during period 1820 35 the university Mumbai library, Rajabai tower, Xavier college, Chhatrapati Shivaji terminus are fine example of gothic architecture in the city.
  17. 17. The Indo Saracenic style developed in the second half of the 19th century combining Islamic and Hindu architectural style with its Characterized domes, arches, stained, glasses, spires and minarets. The gateway of India and Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya are the fine example of indo Saracenic architectural style in the city.
  18. 18. Art deco is one of Mumbai least noticed architectural style, through Mumbai and its Sabarbs possibly have the largest number of art deco building in the world. Art deco in India evolved into a unique style that came to be called deco Saracenic. It was a combination of Islamic and Hindu architectural. The Mahalakshmi temple, the Tahangir art gallery, the high court, the general post office, the flora fountain, regal cinema and Eros cinema.
  19. 19. The gateway of India is a monument built during the British raj in Mumbai. It is located on the water front in the Apollo Bander area in south Mumbai and overlook the Arabian sea. The structure is a basalt arch, 26 meter (85 feet) high. It lies at the end of Chhatrapati Shivaji Marg at the water edge in Mumbai Harbour. The gate way of India also been Reffered to as the Taj Mahal of Mumbai and is the city top tourist attraction.
  20. 20. The gate way of India was built to commemorate the visit of king George Vand Dueen marry to Mumbai, prior the Delhi Darbar, in December 1911. they only got to see a cardboard model of the structure since the construction did not began till 1915. the foundation stone was laid on 31 march 1911 by the Governer of Bombay sir George Sydenham Clarre with the final design of George Wittet sanctioned on 31 march 1913.
  21. 21. The Taj Mahal palace hotel is a five star hotel located in the Colaba region of Mumbai Maharashtra India next to the gate way of India Parts of Taj Hotel, resort and palace this hotel is considered the flag ship property of the group and contain 560 rooms and 44 Saits there are some 1500 staff including 35 butlers. From a histo