colonial america 6
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Colonial LifeLife is ChangingColonies growing rapidly
Coastline began to become crowded
Many moved to Westward frontierFrontier: a word used by colonists to describe land on the edge of European settlement
Took over more Native American Land
Diverse Africans, Dutch, Swedes, French, English, Jews, and many other groupsBen FranklinBorn 1706: Grandson of indentured servant
Most famous person of the English colonies
Learned at young age reading was key to success
Age 16, wrote funny stories for brothers newspaperMrs. Silence Dogood
Eventually ran away to Philadelphia
Deborah Reed Franklin
Franklin the Writer1729: founded Philadelphias first newspaper, the Pennsylvania Gazette
Poor Richards AlmanacAlmanac: a reference book that contains info. about the stars and weatherAdded jokes and sayings1732 1751 sold more copies than anything but the BibleFranklins other Pen NamesBusy Body Franklin's Busy Body letters were also published in theAmerican Weekly Mercury. Miss Body's letters were filled with humorous looks at the battle of the sexes and barbs at local businessmen. Gossip was Busy Body's stock in trade.
Anthony Afterwit Franklin created this "gentleman" to provide a humorous look at matrimony and married life from a male point of view. Mr. Afterwit appeared in Franklin'sPennsylvania Gazette.
Alice Addertongue Miss Addertongue was a thirty-five year old gossip who provided Franklin'sPennsylvania Gazettewith stories of scandal about prominent members of society.
Poor Richards Almanac SayingsEarly to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.
Little strokes fell great oaks.
Glass, china, reputation, are easily cracked, and never well mended.
The sleeping fox catches no poultry.
A penny saved is a penny earned.
An open foe may prove a curse; but a pretended friend is worse.
Only today is worth two tomorrows.
Haste makes waste.
Beware of little expenses. A small leak will sink a great ship.
Franklin Funnies"Fish and visitors smell after three days.
"Beware of the young Doctor & the old Barber."
"God works wonders now & then; Behold! a Lawyer, an honest Man!"
"A learned blockhead is a greater blockhead than an ignorant one."
Franklin the ScientistBest known for experiments with electricity and his invention of the lightning rod.
Did it really happen?
Franklin the ScientistOther inventions:Bifocal glassesWood-burning stove (Franklin Stove)Swim FinsGulf StreamCooling by evaporationPaying forwardOdometerThree Wheel ClockStreet LightingStreet Cleaners
"As we benefit from the inventions of others, we should be glad to share our own...freely and gladly."
Franklins AwardsWritings and experiments made him the best-known North American in Europe.
Find on mapOn page 248
Franklins PhiladelphiaGrew quickly became most major city
Great ethnic and religious diversity
Population of 35,000 by 1775
Franklin Helps PhiladelphiaStarted cities first public library and hospital
Started worlds first volunteer fire departmentUnion Fire Company
Postmaster GeneralOfficial in charge of the post office
Philadelphias official printer
Founded 4th College in N.A. University of Pennsylvania
Colonial WomenWives of wealthy lived comfortable lives
Still, all women had many responsibilities
Women forced to work very hard to help keep farms and business running
Given very few rights, except those allowed by their husbands or fathers
Some women began their own businesses
The Story of Pamela, Plate I (1968-280, 1). Elite women in 18th-century
Some women would have had access to education and books, but only to the level that their parents thought suitable for their daughters future roles as wives and mothers.
From City to FrontierCostal land was filling up, owned by wealthy planters
Most colonists could not afford land here
Began to move to backcountry
Backcountry: rugged land near Appalachian MountainsBackcountryFarming difficult: land rocky and uneven
Few large rivers and waterways
Difficult to reach
Conflicts with Native Americans
Lived rugged life, had to work hard to surviveHomes made of cut logsCarried riffles wherever they wentSpent most of day huntingSummary Questions1. What were some of the major achievements of Ben Franklin?Founded first newspaper, public library, and volunteer fire dept. Invented many items, experimented with electricity; wrote Poor Richards Almanac; established the University of Pennsylvania2. Who lived throughout the English colonies in the 1700s?People from many different lands and backgrounds3. What was the role of women in the 1700s?They worked hard and had few rights4. What rights did women have in the 1700s?Only the rights their husbands/fathers would allowActivityChoose one of the sayings from Poor Richards Almanac and write a paragraph about the meaning and how you see it in your life.Colonial Coin Exhibithttp://www.history.org/history/museums/coinExhibit/