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Colonial Life

Colonial LifeLife is ChangingColonies growing rapidly

Coastline began to become crowded

Many moved to Westward frontierFrontier: a word used by colonists to describe land on the edge of European settlement

Took over more Native American Land

Diverse Africans, Dutch, Swedes, French, English, Jews, and many other groupsBen FranklinBorn 1706: Grandson of indentured servant

Most famous person of the English colonies

Learned at young age reading was key to success

Age 16, wrote funny stories for brothers newspaperMrs. Silence Dogood

Eventually ran away to Philadelphia

Deborah Reed Franklin

(William)

Franklin the Writer1729: founded Philadelphias first newspaper, the Pennsylvania Gazette

Poor Richards AlmanacAlmanac: a reference book that contains info. about the stars and weatherAdded jokes and sayings1732 1751 sold more copies than anything but the BibleFranklins other Pen NamesBusy Body Franklin's Busy Body letters were also published in theAmerican Weekly Mercury. Miss Body's letters were filled with humorous looks at the battle of the sexes and barbs at local businessmen. Gossip was Busy Body's stock in trade.

Anthony Afterwit Franklin created this "gentleman" to provide a humorous look at matrimony and married life from a male point of view. Mr. Afterwit appeared in Franklin'sPennsylvania Gazette.

Alice Addertongue Miss Addertongue was a thirty-five year old gossip who provided Franklin'sPennsylvania Gazettewith stories of scandal about prominent members of society.

Poor Richards Almanac SayingsEarly to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.

Little strokes fell great oaks.

Glass, china, reputation, are easily cracked, and never well mended.

The sleeping fox catches no poultry.

A penny saved is a penny earned.

An open foe may prove a curse; but a pretended friend is worse.

Only today is worth two tomorrows.

Haste makes waste.

Beware of little expenses. A small leak will sink a great ship.

Franklin Funnies"Fish and visitors smell after three days.

"Beware of the young Doctor & the old Barber."

"God works wonders now & then; Behold! a Lawyer, an honest Man!"

"A learned blockhead is a greater blockhead than an ignorant one."

Franklin the ScientistBest known for experiments with electricity and his invention of the lightning rod.

Did it really happen?

Franklin the ScientistOther inventions:Bifocal glassesWood-burning stove (Franklin Stove)Swim FinsGulf StreamCooling by evaporationPaying forwardOdometerThree Wheel ClockStreet LightingStreet Cleaners

"As we benefit from the inventions of others, we should be glad to share our own...freely and gladly."

FranklinStove

(Original, Modern)

Franklins AwardsWritings and experiments made him the best-known North American in Europe.

Franklins Philadelphia

Philadelphia

Find on mapOn page 248

Franklins PhiladelphiaGrew quickly became most major city

Great ethnic and religious diversity

Population of 35,000 by 1775

Franklin Helps PhiladelphiaStarted cities first public library and hospital

Started worlds first volunteer fire departmentUnion Fire Company

Postmaster GeneralOfficial in charge of the post office

Philadelphias official printer

Founded 4th College in N.A. University of Pennsylvania

Colonial WomenWives of wealthy lived comfortable lives

Still, all women had many responsibilities

Women forced to work very hard to help keep farms and business running

Given very few rights, except those allowed by their husbands or fathers

Some women began their own businesses

The Story of Pamela, Plate I (1968-280, 1). Elite women in 18th-century

Some women would have had access to education and books, but only to the level that their parents thought suitable for their daughters future roles as wives and mothers.

From City to FrontierCostal land was filling up, owned by wealthy planters

Most colonists could not afford land here

Began to move to backcountry

Backcountry: rugged land near Appalachian MountainsBackcountryFarming difficult: land rocky and uneven

Few large rivers and waterways

Difficult to reach

Conflicts with Native Americans

Lived rugged life, had to work hard to surviveHomes made of cut logsCarried riffles wherever they wentSpent most of day huntingSummary Questions1. What were some of the major achievements of Ben Franklin?Founded first newspaper, public library, and volunteer fire dept. Invented many items, experimented with electricity; wrote Poor Richards Almanac; established the University of Pennsylvania2. Who lived throughout the English colonies in the 1700s?People from many different lands and backgrounds3. What was the role of women in the 1700s?They worked hard and had few rights4. What rights did women have in the 1700s?Only the rights their husbands/fathers would allowActivityChoose one of the sayings from Poor Richards Almanac and write a paragraph about the meaning and how you see it in your life.Colonial Coin Exhibithttp://www.history.org/history/museums/coinExhibit/