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Colonial America factors that led to Colonization

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  • Colonial AmericaFactors that led to

    Colonization

    Specialization and Interdependence

  • SOLs CoveredUSI.5Demonstrate knowledge of factors that shaped colonial America

    USI.5.aDescribe the religious and economic events and conditions that led to the colonization of America

    USI.5.bDescribe life in the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern colonies with emphasis on how people interacted with their environment to produce goods and services, including examples of specialization and interdependence

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  • Roanoke Island

    Roanoke Island was

    established as an economic

    venture.

    Roanoke Island is known as the Lost

    Colony. The settlers there

    disappeared and were never seen or heard from again.

    Today, we still dont know what

    happened to them.

    Roanoke Island became part of the colony of

    North Carolina, a Southern Colony.

  • Map of the coastline where Roanoke was established

    Baptism of Virginia Dare the first born child in North America to English Parents

    Message left on tree by Roanoke settlers these men were searching for them.

  • JamestownSettlement

    Jamestown was the first

    permanent English

    settlement in North America

    (1607).

    Jamestown was established as an economic

    venture by the Virginia

    Company.

    Jamestown became part

    of the colony of Virginia, a Southern Colony.

  • A typical building in Jamestown

    The Godspeed brought the settlers to Jamestown.

    Repairing a roof in Jamestown

    A re-enactor displays how the fort was protected.

  • PlymouthColony

    Plymouth Colony was settled by

    separatists from the Church of

    England.

    Separatists were a group of people who

    wanted to avoid religious persecution.

    They wanted to separate from the Church of England.

    Plymouth became part of the colony of

    Massachusetts, a New England Colony.

    Plymouth was settled for

    religious reasons.

  • Settlers to Plymouth land on shore.

    Separatists leaving Holland for Plymouth Colony.The rocky coast the separatists found when landing in Plymouth.

  • Massachusetts BayColony

    The Massachusetts Bay Colony was settled by the Puritans. They

    wanted to purify the Church of England.

    They settled in Massachusetts Bay to

    avoid religious persecution.

    The Massachusetts Bay Colony was

    settled for religious reasons.

    Massachusetts Bay Colony became part of the colony of

    Massachusetts, a New England Colony.

  • An accurate m

    ap of Massachusetts B

    ay from 1780

    Guardsm

    en of Massachusetts B

    ay Colony

  • PennsylvaniaPennsylvania was settled by the Quakers. The

    Quakers wanted to practice their faith without

    interference from others.

    Pennsylvania was settled for

    religious reasons.

    William Penn was the person who was given the

    land to establish Pennsylvania. The name of Pennsylvania comes

    from his name. Pennsylvania means

    Penns Woods.

    Pennsylvania became a

    Mid-Atlantic colony.

  • William Penn makes a treaty with the Lenni Lenape tribe.

    William Penn

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  • Georgia

    Georgia was settled for economic

    reasons and later became a

    Southern Colony.

    Georgia was settled by people who had been in debtors

    prisons in England. They were in prison because they owed money, or a debt, to

    someone else.

    These debtors wanted to have

    economic freedom and a new life in the New World.

    The debtors were sent to Georgia to work off the money they owed. They

    became indentured servants. Once they worked enough to pay off their debt, they were

    set free.

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  • James O

    glethorpe

    Original layout of Savannah, Georgia

    Oglethorpe and settlers landing in Georgia

    Georgia also served as a boundary

    between the English and Spanish territories.

  • Specialization

    Specialization is the focus on one or a few products.

    Think about it this way. In a colonial village, you have workers who focus on one thing. Some of these jobs may be blacksmith, wig maker, cobbler, wheelwright and printer. They would make nails, wigs, shoes, wheels, and newspapers. If one person would try to make all these things, would he get very much done? Probably not. When we specialize we focus on talents that can contribute to make-up of the whole. In this case, specialization makes the village a stronger place.

  • InterdependenceI

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  • Think about it this way. A colonial family just arrived from England with very little and needs to build a house. What are some of the things they will need to build? (nails, wood, shingles) What will they need to fill their house? If this family had to make every single thing they would need for the house, would they ever finish? By using the others in the village who make the things they need, they will be able to finish their house much sooner. Interdependence is when you rely on others to get to a final goal or product. In this case, the final goal or product was the colonial house.

    Specialization caused the colonies to be interdependent.

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    Without each other, each group would not be able to

    get what they needed.

    Portuguese Explorers

    Manufactured Goods

    West Africans

    SaltGold

    Enslaved Africans

    European Explorers

    Manufactured Goods

    American Indians

    FursCrops

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  • RandyJacksonPassesMashed Potatoes Generously

  • RoanokeJamestownPlymouthMassachusetts BayPennsylvaniaGeorgia

  • GlossaryColony a group of peo