colonial america

Download Colonial America

Post on 04-Jan-2016

34 views

Category:

Documents

2 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Colonial America. Native American/Colonial Relations. In the beginning…. Give & take b/t both groups Natives teach Survival Trade: crucial part of relations Fur trade- 1 of earliest forms of trade French - $ for fur Natives: Euro. Goods, guns, cloth, jewelry etc - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

TRANSCRIPT

Colonial America

Colonial AmericaNative American/Colonial Relations1 In the beginning. Give & take b/t both groups Natives teach Survival Trade: crucial part of relationsFur trade- 1 of earliest forms of trade French - $ for fur Natives: Euro. Goods, guns, cloth, jewelry etc Caused tension & conflict b/t tribes over hunting

2 Iroquois League League of 5 Nations Late 1500s: 5 tribes unite (Iro. Lang) settle disputes Est. unity & govt = power Forced other tribes W of G. Lakes 3 Cultural Differences Land ownership:Natives: shared w/ group land sacred, not to be changed Lifestyle adapted to landColonists: ind. Ownership Develop land = progress & civilization Adapt land to needs- fences, pastures, cut trees Farming:Natives: Community Colonists: Individ. farms

4 cultural differences.Religion: Colonists:Christians- Monotheistic Strong desire to Convert Viewed natives as devilsNatives: Rel. tied to nature & Polytheistic No need to convert others No disturbing Gods

5 Native & Colonist Conflicts! Pequot War: 1637 Connecticut Increasing # of settlers = tension Prominent Mass. Resident killed Puritans want revenge Burning @ Mystic, CT Hunted & killed majority of tribe Result: near genocide!6

7

8 King Phillips War 1660: Metacomet (King Phillip) leader of Algonquin in N.E. Raised b/t whites & NativesFather had helped Pilgrims Trade b/t groups but tension too1670: Metacomet united Natives from RI to Maine to drive out English This effort = King Phillips War Natives destroy: 17 English towns, attack 52 others, kill 2,000 settlers, destroy crops, fields, cattle, kidnap people9King Phillips war continued English strike back: kill/wound 4000 1676: English find & kill Metacom War goes on.. End- Conquest of N.E. almost complete10

11 Other problems for English: Land conflict w/ English Religious & Intellectual changes12

13