colonial america 5

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  • 1. Colonial Economies

2. Economy Grew
As more people arrived economy grew
Some items could only be exported to England
Export: to send goods to another country to sell or trade
Imported cloth, metal tools, glass and machines from England
Import: to bring goods from another country for sale or use
3. Colonial Economy
Agriculture: The business of farming
Agriculture major way of life for most colonists
9 of 10 colonists made their living this way
Free Enterprise: An economic system in which a person may start any business they wish.They decide what to make, how much to produce, and what price to charge.
Supply and Demand
Each region had its own Natural Resources
4. Southern Colonies
5. Southern Economy
Hot humid climate good for growing cash crops
Grew and exported tobacco, rice, and indigo
Indigo: used in dye major cash crop
Large Plantations Developing: Depended on slavery to profit
6. Slavery in south
Made up the largest part of the economy in South
Slave Codes: rules that took rights away from A.A.s helped whites control them
Not allowed to practice religion, learn to read, marry, or own property
Eventually made it legal to treat enslaved people as animals
1 of 4 whites owned slaves in South
Planters owned over half of slaves in South
7. Plantations
Much like a small village
Hundreds of people lived and worked
Page 239.
Big House where the planter and family lived
House slaves slaves that worked in the big house
Slave Row small, run down cabins near fields where slaves lived
8. j
9. 10. Planters
Planters were wealthy, enjoyed luxury
Most were men, some women
Life as a slave depended greatly on where you lived
Held high position in community
Could get the courts to agree that the economy would fail with out slavery
11. The Slaves Life
Overseer boss of the plantation
Boss and punisher of slaves often cruel
Often indentured servant, or slave
Sometimes got share of profits
Forced slaves to work day and night, no food/water
Dirty, back braking work in fields, took care of animals, cooked, cleaned
Skilled workers made
furniture, shoes, glass
12. A slaves life Cont.
Owners would separate those who spoke the same language
Captain William Smith, By having some of every sort on board, there will be no more likelihood of their succeeding in a plot.
Work never really ended
Had own chores to do
Found time to talk, tell stories, sing songs
Secretly sent messages (to meet or escape) in songs
Secretly learned to read and later wrote about experiences
13. 14. 15. Slave Rebellion
Some refused to work were killed
Worked slowly or broke tools
Some escaped
Hunted down
Beaten, whipped, or killed
Planters feared slave rebellion
Willing to die for freedom
Organized raids, burned houses, and killed people
Planters strengthened slave codes to stop rebellions
16. MiddleColonies
17. Middle Colonies
Bread basket of the colonies for growing
so much wheat and corn
Looked South to the English colonies in the West Indies for a place to sell surplus grain
West Indies: needed grain to feed slaves
Had good growing land, but used it all for cash crops like sugarcane
Jamaica and Barbados: colonists had huge farms with hundreds of enslaved African workers
18. New England Colonies
19. New England Economy
Turned to thick forests and seas for living
Wood for ships, England was too expensive
Fishing and ship industry building best in world
Industry: all the businesses that make one kind of product or provide one kind of service
Triangular Trade:Port cities grew quickly
Did not rely on slavery
20. Triangular Trade
Go to the Map on Page 231
Your own
Version of
This map
In your
21. Triangular Trade
Leg One: Boston, New York
Traded rum, guns, tools
Leg Two: West Africa
Traded gold, ivory, African captives
Middle Passage: the middle part of the journey
Thousands of Africans died on this journey
Leg Three: West Indies
Traded molasses (syrup made from sugar cane)
Molasses then made into rum in N.A.
22. Go to Map on Page 232
What were the major exports of the
New England Colonies:
Wood Products, fish, ships
Middle Colonies:
Southern Colonies:
Rice, Indigo, Tobacco
23. Summary Questions
1.How did using the ocean help New England to grow and become successful?
2.Why do you think colonists wanted control of their own economy?
3.What do you believe will be the effect of colonists wanting to run their own economy?
4. What role did A.A.s play in the Souths economy?