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Collaborative Spaces and Places. Liz Gladin Research Associate, SEI; Oxford, UK & Davis, Ca. USA Doctoral Candidate, School of Anthropology and Conservation, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK. natural resource management is much more about managing relationships than managing resources - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Collaborative Spaces and Places

Collaborative Spaces and Places

Liz GladinResearch Associate, SEI; Oxford, UK & Davis, Ca. USA Doctoral Candidate, School of Anthropology and Conservation, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK

11I will present my work I am in the process of writing up for my doctoral thesis which is an exploration and analysis of evolving multi-level collaborative spaces of water management and planning in California, through a case study of the complex adaptive social-ecological system comprising the CABY Integrated Water Management Planning Region in the Sierra Nevada, California. Interest in questions of scale, the interaction of scientific and traditional knowledge in policymaking, and the role of uncertainty in managing the environment, and exploring how these variables impact and influence policy decision and effectiveness. exploring historical and ongoing decision-making processes through a combination of ethnography, archival research, and hydrological and social mapping and modeling. 1natural resource management is much more about managing relationships than managing resources

(Natcher 2007)

2I wanted to add the story of the process described by a representative from on of the IRWMP presentations at a SNA meeting here a few years ago didnt remember who it was but encapsulates the issues I am exploring, process of going from circular firing squads to feeling comfortable in open kimonos - rich visual picture of changing relationships arising out of social interactions over water management. But more than this, I wanted to look at the regional picture in that water management levels involving multiple, on-going and interrelated and overlapping stakeholder and policy processes. As with the water flows result from an accumulations of multiple vertical and hierarchical interactions, so too does social activity and no one SH activity exists in isolation from others and so I was interested in the cumulative SH picture within the complex adaptive system of my study area the CABY IRWM planning region.

2Research ContextIRWMP: transition to new governance model

Widening stakeholder participation in NRM: exploring the stakeholder infrastructure

Water resources, uses and users: influences on management, historical legacies, water rights, information needs for collaborative decision making

3New governance mechanisms often unexplored and no guarantees of success but a recognition that historical mechanisms for water management are increasingly failing under current conditions and are too inflexible to adapt to potential future conditions

SH participation widely recognized as a necessary component of successful governance both in terms bringing benefits through widening the scope of mental models of the world and valid knowledge at the dm table and buy-in for decisions. The infrastructure of SH varied from tick box exercises to highly deliberative, on-going dialogue, from unspecified directives from central policy makers to supported SH processes.

Ripe context to explore issues of sh processes which were being enacted to study a collection of collaborating actors making policy-relevant decisions3

44map

picturesEl Dorado county as with the wider region - high alpine snow pack and lakes dams etc hydro power recreation fishing boating forest lands, land based recreation, white water recreation, varied agriculture hx urbanization downstream issues supplying water to delta and beyond, historical and contemporary legacies from mining, forest management/harvesting activities. (thanks to Liz mansfield)

CABYregion

CABY Region

Study Area - 4 watershedshighly integrated water resource infrastructure

Sierra Nevada watersheds55SN 650 km ridgeline toping at between 7-14 K feet. Major influence on Ca climate and water supply much pot falling as snow 2-30ft ++

Snowmelt contributions critical in late spring/early summer as snowmelt through this seasons fill the lakes and reservoirs proving water for the drier months when demand is highest for ag. uses, consumption and required for recreation etc. Infrastructure of lakes, reservoirs, canals and aqueducts based around patterns of snowfall, snow melt and storage April each year the snowpack is estimated to determine what water year type degrees of wet/dry to indicate water availability and allocations.

CABY region 4 watersheds highly integrated water resource infrastructure. IRWMP rescaling of funding / management for water management - prioritorization of projects at the CABY scale as opposed to local water agencies doing their own thing.

Perspectives of Political Ecology - implications of re-scaling brought SH into contact that compete for water, that hx conflicted over allocations and rights, very different mental models of the world in contrast to previous local water agency based practices. Lots of potential for conflict but also for dialogue, creative solutions and constructive conflict

. The CABY IRWMP

6As you see water transfers based on engineered and on paper hx and contemporary water rights agreements and permits, multiple jurisdictional involvement, highly impacted by regulatory and institutional policies e.g. water quality, environmental reg, pollution, recycling and conservation, land use planning, also multiple land use types, increasing developments esp. in eastern edge, coupled with pressures of major downstream uses CVP/SWP supplying major ag. region in sac valley, the environmentally imported and highly contestes bay Delta area, and large met districts further south, as well as CC impacts. 6WEAP Model for the CABY Watershed

WEAP model schematicModel includes: 324 catchments 25 Reservoirs 39 diversions 33 hydropower plants 14 transmission links to 13 major water demands

77Watersheds of the Cosumnes (W&S), American, Bear and Yuba (CABY) rivers in the Sierra Nevada,California, are managed with a complex network of reservoirs, dams, hydropower plants andwater conveyances. Water transfers are based on priorities among competing demands,hydropower generation is licensed by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) andregulated by federal and state laws and multi-party agreements.

WEAP model informs the rationale for CABY region and also for dialogue on challenges to systems arising from potential CC impacts uncertain as to wetter/drier but higher air temp will result in reduced snowpack estimates between 60-85% of loss snowpack likely larger rain-based water events implications for flooding and interspersed with drought major implications for region and state.

The model captures the water story, hydrological, precipitation operations etc, and by implication recognizes the socio-institutional impacts in terms of the water transfers, demand-based operational aspects of reservoir storage and release but doesnt provide any richness to that major story - the users, social and institutional interactions which impact on the system. Further the work of colleagues in SEI to integrate natural and social science approaches in NRM research and policy areas.

8Mandatory Planning process regions within CABY - Gold USFS Tahoe, Blue USFS Eldorado, Green EID, Orange NID, Mandatory Planning processes - FERC Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Hydro-relicencing applications within CABY region total of 7 processes either completed, in progress of forthcoming. 8Additional PressuresChanging/conflicting policy landscapes.Upstream/in-region demands.Downstream/out-of-region demands.Fiscal Pressures on resources.Uncertainty: climate change, land use change, information needs.

9Frequent changing policy directives - 20x20 conservation targets, CC adaptation and mitigation of GHG often confliciting with other processes e.g. development targets vs. maintaining agricultural landscapesCC predictions for the region and the state detailsMixed highly rural/low density and increasing development in region and complex relationships with downstream users including large metropolitan districts and large irrigation-dependant agricultural areas in Central valley as well as complex Delta region with associated environmental requirements.Current economic context especially in Ca. has led to fiscal uncertainties and freeze on previously committed funding programmes and highlights the need for diversity in funding mechanisms which is one of the sessions tomorrow.

9Research QuestionsCollaborative process in CABY region?Form of SH participation?Multiple Knowledges and values ?Network structures/processes?Impact on collaboration of multiple overlapping processes/participation?

IRWMP regions within Sierra Region?

10This is an exploratory case study initially looking at issues about value and knowledge systems and knowledge negotiation through deliberative SH governance processes. As it developed increasing awareness of the network perspectives inherent in the case study, investigating collaborative processess within real time context, so not planning on an evaluative outputs in terms of best networks, tho maybe that is something for the future. What collaborative networks exist in the CABY region? What are their forms, aims, levels of collaboration, drivers?How do these network structures and processes vary in relation to their social, institutional, biophysical and historical contexts? How do stakeholders participate, interact and where relevant, represent their constituency at different levels or scales of interaction?What level/scale interactions occur across and within these networks? Can they be analyzed in terms of nested and polycentric networks? How do such interactions influence network structures and processes?What influence does activity at multiple levels or scales and in multiple networks have on colla