cochlea & its functions

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Post on 27-Jun-2015




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2. Cochlea is a system of coiled tubes. It consists of: Three tubes: 1-Scala vestibuli. 2-Scala media. 3-Scala tympani. 3. Two membranes: 1-Reissners (vestibular membrane). 2-Basilar membrane 4. o Perilymph: Present in scala vestibuli and scala tympani. Almost identical to CSF. o Endolymph: Present in scala media. 5. Contains 20,000 to 30,000 basillar fibers. These fibers are stiff,elastic,reed-like structures that are fixed at their basal ends in the center of cochlea (modiolus)but not fixed at their distal ends. 6. Length: The lenghth of the basilar fibers increase progressively from the base of cochlea to its apex. Diameter:decreases from base to apex of cochlea. Frequency: Base :high frequency. Apex :low frequency. 7. If the foot of stapes moves inward. The round window bulge outward instantaneously because the cochlea is bounded on the sides by bony walls. Therefore,the initial effect is to cause the basilar membrane at the very base of the cochlea to bulge in the direction of the round window. 8. however,the elastic tension that is built up in the basilar fibers as they bend toward the round window initiates a wave that travels along the basilar membrane toward the helicotreama. 9. High frquency sound wave. Medium frequency sound wave. Very low frequency sound wave. 10. Lies on the surface of bassilar membrane. Contain mechanically sensitive hair cells which are receptive end-organs and generate nerve impulses in response to sound vibrations. 11. Inner hair cell. Outer hair cell. Depolarization. Hyperpolarization. 12. Stereocilia Direction toward the longer one Rapid K influx to tips of the stereocilia Depolarization of cell membrane Basilar fiber to scala vestibuli depolarization Endocochlear Potential Perilymph (Na, K ) EndoLymph(K, Na ) +80mv diff. all the time