Cloud Computing as a Utility
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DESCRIPTIONCloud Computing as a Utility. The Citadel Sigma Xi. Topics. What is cloud computing? A peek at origins Current and potential u ses Some issues A future look. Cloud Computing. You dont know where You dont care where You just expect a result Reasonable delay is OK - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Cloud Computing as a UtilityThe CitadelSigma XiTopicsWhat is cloud computing?A peek at originsCurrent and potential usesSome issuesA future look
The cloud is 3Cloud ComputingYou dont know whereYou dont care whereYou just expect a resultReasonable delay is OK
How is CC like water?
Its there when you need it.You dont think about it much.Cant/dont want to live without it.Computing without itIs like living in 1890...
Eniac Numerical Computer 1946Contained 17,468vacuum tubes, 7,200 crystal diodes, 1,500relays, 70,000resistors, 10,000 capacitorsand about 5 million hand-solderedjoints. It weighed over 30short tons(27 t), was roughly 8 by 3 by 100feet took up 1800 square feet and consumed 150kWof power.Shutdown in 1955.(Wikipedia, ENIAC)7CousinsMainframeBuilt to run reliably for decadesTransaction processingModern virtualized servers are mainframe computers
IBM Mainframe circa 1964IBM z9 circa 2005CousinsTitan Supercomputer 200 cabinets4,352 square feetDraws 480 V/cabinetPeak 8.2MW powerTotal 299,008 processor cores, Total 693.6TiB of CPU and GPU RAMBlazing fast interconnectHearing protection required in server room (fan noise)
Titan circa 2011Economics of (Super) Computing-Kathy Yellick, NERSC, 2010
The goal is to make some uses of cloud computing easier for people who are not CS to use.11Want to See a Magic Trick?
Another flavor, called MapReduce made famous
A RabbitReally?!really_big_data_list x,y;for i is 1 to n doy[i] = f(x[i]);end;really_big_data_list x,y;y = map(f, x);
EnablersLow-cost commodity computing & information technologyReduced operational cost (energy/people)Cloud computing vs. HPC16What is that?
Social IssuesAggregation of InformationAbuse of trustSecurity (Information) PrivacyIntellectual PropertyControlFreedom to chooseEnergy IssuesIn 2011, and average Google search used 0.3 watt-hrs of electricityGoogle data centers use 260 MW (2011) worldwide annuallyenough to power 200,000 homes in Richmond, VA or Irvine, CAOnly 2kWh per person
Our Own Doodoo ProblemWe create 2.5 exabytes (1018) of data every dayWe cant process it fast enoughWe cant move it fast enough
Digitally, we are drowning in data we cannot use.My vision for Cloud ComputingHigh-fidelity results
ReferencesExploring the future of cloud computing: riding the next wave of technology-driven transformation, http://www.weforum.org/reports/exploring-future-cloud-computing-riding-next-wave-technology-driven-transformation. Accessed April 15, 2014.DeVry Advertisement, http://sme-blog.com/cloud-computing/the-anatomy-of-cloud-computing-infographic. Accessed April 15, 2014.Economics of Cloud Computing, Booz, Allen,Hamilton, http://www.boozallen.com/media/file/Economics-of-Cloud-Computing.pdf. Accessed April 16, 2014.