climate change and development project iucn - regional workshop

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  • 1.Climate Resilience Workshop,AACC, Nairobi-KenyaDoyi Mazenzele, Climate Change and Development Project-Tanzania, June 23rd, 2010INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE

2. IUCN at a glance Oldest and largest global environmental network (since 1948) Members: more than 1,000 government and NGO member organizations, and almost 11,000 volunteer scientists in more than 160 countries. Vision: a just world that values and conserves nature. Mission: to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable. IUCN solutions: knowledge, action, influence and empowerment INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 2 3. Climate Change and Development Project (CCDP) Regional Project: Tanzania, Mozambique and Zambia Challenge: lack of climate change awareness and understanding and a low capacity to assess and address vulnerability that hinders the inclusion of climate change adaptation in decision making, project development and national policies. Project Purpose: Ensure climate change (CC) related policies and strategies lead to adaptation activities that emphasize the role of forests and water resources in supporting peoples livelihoods and associated farming systems Overall project objective: Reduced vulnerability and enhanced adaptive capacity to climate variability and change at local and national levels The key strategy: To influence CCA policies through evidence- based awareness raising and advocacy work. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 3 4. CCDP Financier: Finnish Ministry of Foreign Affairs Time frame: 2008-11 ( with a one year no cost extension) Regional budget: Partners: projects and government (district councils Beneficiaries: communities (where pilot CCA are being implemented) and partners ( capacity building measures) Project sites: 4 ( Rufiji-2 and Arusha-2) INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 4 5. CCDP Result Areas Result 1: CC related legal regulatory framework identified, supported with reliable data and tools and influenced in order to provide enabling governance environment for adaptation (policy support) Result 2: Key stakeholders capacity for undertaking vulnerability assessments and implementing adaptation activities improved (capacity building) Result 3: Technical support provided for implementing adaptation activities following the ecosystem approach at selected local communities (implementation of adaptation measures) Result 4: Awareness of CC and efficient adaptation measures raised for enforcement of policy-practice linkages ( awareness creation)INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 5 6. Result 1: Policy support CCDP commissioned background studies to provide a baseline for CCA policy influencing: Climate data compilation and site specific evidence Capacity (building) needs assessment for CC stakeholders atlocal, district, regional and national level to undertake VA andimplement CCA Governance, policy formulation processes and climate changerelated institutional and coordination in Tanzania Gender mainstreaming strategy for the implementation ofCCDP in Tanzania The studies (with the exception of gender strategy) were presented at a CC national stakeholders workshop early this year. Recommendations were provided on how best to mainstream CC issues at different levels.INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 6 7. Result 2: Capacity building CCDP trained over 60 stakeholders (partners and district council staffs) on vulnerability assessment using CRiSTAL, CVCA and CEDRA. Over 15 district council staffs will be trained in the next weeks. Training in the final stages on conservation farming, irrigation farming, local poultry keeping (with market linkages) and watershed management. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 7 8. Result 3: Implementation of Adaptation measures Climate change adaptations (CCA) Broad: Initiatives and measures to reduce the vulnerability of natural and human systems against actual or expected climate change effects (UNFCC) More restrictive CCDP definition adopted after the MTR: any activity that would not be undertaken if there was no climate change. To qualify for the above definition, CCA were revised using the screening criteria.INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 8 9. CCA Screening Criteria1. Clear element of the activity responding to aspecific climate change hazard in the area 2. Ecosystem approach is clearly embedded inactivity (at least 5/12 principles) 3. Implementation feasibility( partnerships,resources, technology, etc) 4. Opportunities for new lessons learning forimproving practices, enhancing adaptationand/or influencing policy 5. Sustainability in relation to the exit strategy INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 9 10. CCA Screening Criteria 6. Emphasis on improved resilience (or at leastdo no harm) of most vulnerable groups,including consideration of gender7. Appropriate technology8. The impacts of the activities will positivelycontribute to, or at least do no harm to,ecological, financial, social assets9. Measurability of results10. Activities will add value to ongoingprocesses in the project area INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 10 11. Adaptation activities allocation S/n Activity categoryTz Moz Zam1 Conservation farming and beekeeping2 Rain water harvesting3 Irrigation farming4 Flood control gates5 Watershed management6 NTFPs processing and storage INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 11 12. Adaptation activities allocationS/n Activity category Tz Moz Zamb 8 Mangrove restoration 9 Tree nurseries 10Health and Sanitation10 Local poultry keeping 11 Energy saving stoves 12 Water management training INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 12 13. Successes on CCA Meru District council already mainstreamingCCA into development plans and programmesthrough budget cycles. The district has set some funds to supportCCDP work in their areas (24MTSh) This is a good entry point for sustainability (exitstrategy) and scaling up INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 13 14. Result 4: Awareness creation CCDP has shared findings of background studies, VA reports, workshop report, newsletter and livelihoods-climate postersCC awareness public broadcastOn the pipe: Swahili version of the NAPA INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 14 15. How CCDP links CCA, DRR and development issues CCDP used CRiSTAL to come up with adaptationmeasures. CRiSTAL provides a systematic, simple and flexibleframework for understanding and analyzing the linksbetween climate risks, vulnerabilities and adaptivecapacities, livelihoods, and development projects CRiSTAL Livelihoods approach : Climate risks are linked to the lives and development prospects of the concerned communities. Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation: Current vulnerabilities and risks as indicated by the target community and long term climate projections are taken into account.INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 15 16. CRiSTAL Structure4 Framing Questions; 2 Modules INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 16 17. Climate Smart Approach Tabling exposure to CCextremes: Enhancing adaptivecapacity Addressing poverty,vulnerability and theircauses INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 17 18. Tabling exposure to CC extremes:CCDP has done the following Commissioned a study on collection and compilation ofclimate change data and site specific evidence forclimate change Kikuletwa and lower Rufiji Undertaken Vulnerability assessments Preparation of rainfall and temperature calendars Livelihood resource and hazard mapping Identification of climate hazards and the associated impacts Preparation and dissemination of vulnerability assessment reports and posters to stakeholders Running public awareness broadcast through NationalTV/Radio Promoting IGAs to increase household income andfood securityINTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 18 19. Enhancing adaptive capacity CCDP is supporting capacity building measures tostakeholders to undertake vulnerability assessment andidentification of CCA Supporting implementation of adaptation measures Technical trainings (conservation farming, irrigation farming, local poultry keeping, watershed management) Material support: seeds (early maturing and drought tolerant), plans already for technology support (treadle pumps, borehole- water for irrigation and domestic use), local chicken, feeds and vaccines Conserving the Ecosystem: Embedding at least 5/12Principles of the Ecosystem ApproachINTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 19 20. Addressing poverty, vulnerability and their causes CCDP is supporting the implementation ofCCA aimed to increase household income andfood security leading to improved resilience/adaptive capacity against CC Composition of project beneficiaries (contactgroups) reflect gender balance (to a minimum50% women) CCDP to undertake value-chain analysis andalso to facilitate linkage to markets for productsfrom Income Generating ActivitiesINTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 20 21. Challenges to implementation of CCA, DRR and livelihoods Wider knowledge gaps amongst stakeholdersand beneficiaries on CCA Priorities by planners and decision makers Limited resources (time, funds and technology) Socio-cultural acceptance / perceptions ( theGod factor, project seeds planted on marginallands) Partnerships ( trust and transparency,expectations and motivation, representationand commitment) INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 21 22. Lessons learned We are still learning, but early reflections include Implementing CCA, DRR and IGAs need time and resources Difficult to identify climate change impacts as distinct from other environmental trends The identification and implementation


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