claude nicholas ledoux

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  • 1. Claude Nicholas LedouxBy mipul Kumar Pankaj Kumar

2. Claude Nicholas Ledoux (b. Dormans, France 1736; d. Paris, France 1806) Claude Ledoux was born in Dormans, France in 1736. He was educated at a private architectural school in Paris.. Established by J. F. Blondel, the school emphasized native Baroque tradition but exposed students to English architecture. After completing his studies, Ledoux assumed several goverment positions as an engineer, mainly of bridge design. Ledoux' dramatic style owes much to the fact that he never visited Rome. His concepts of Roman architecture were accordingly warped by the engravings of Piranesi from which he derived his knowledge. He did visit England, where he was influenced by the Palladian tradition with which he was already familiar. 3. style Although much of Ledoux's architecture is quite practical and functional, the "visionary" aspects of his work are better known. His designs became symbols of the ancient regime and their exaggerated use of classical elements seems to anticipate post-modern classicism. 4. CHATEAU OF MAUPERTUIS Listed as his first work Owner- Anne-Pierra de Montesquiou Fezenzac It was like horseshoe 292.3 meters in circumferences crowned with balustrades, pierced with square and round niches, arriving at a gentle incline at the door of the vestibule. Reconstructed later. Now nothing remains of Ledouxs. He gave priority to the natural setting Of the building . His giant Doric orders and the famous spherical house of the garden agricoles were unforgettable elements. 5. HOTEL D HALLWYL , 1766 The street faade , the doorway combines the traditional arched shape of the paris porte cochiere with an articualtion of columns and lintel. 6. HOTEL D HALLWYL , 1766 Street elevation and section through rear court, engraving from Ledoux. the street faade is made more regular in the engraving .The section shows the ionic colonnade that was to be painted on the wall facing the end of the garden. 7. DUC D UZES 8. CHATEAU OF BENOUVILLE, NEAR CAEN 9. CHATEAU OF BENOUVILLE, NEAR CAEN 10. The 1770s 11. HOTEL GUIMARD,1770 12. HOTEL GUIMARD ,1770 13. PAVILLION OF CHATEAN OF LOUVEUENNES ,1771 14. PAVILLION OF CHATEAN OF LOUVEUENNES ,1771 15. CHATEAU OF LOUVEUENNES 1773 EXTENTED TO A MORE CONVENTIONAL BUILDING 16. CHATEAU OF LOUVEUENNES 17. THE SALT OF ARC AND SENANS Near BesaneonLedouxs famous salt factory, approved in 1773 and built in 1775-79,is semicircular in plan, with the house of the director and the salt-extracting buildings on the straight side. 18. Main entrance heavy baseless Tuscan columnsThe interiors of the portico The rusticated archway contains a grotto Of natural rock. 19. Detail of decoration The windows of the entrance portico are framed as urns spilling forth petrified water, and the entrance grotto has imitation springs to each side. 20. Salt extracting building The architecture recalls French and th century Italian buildings of the 16