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Class Notes. Literary Terms. Allusion A reference another literary work, person, place, or event that the average reader may be unfamiliar with. Aside When a character speaks his or her thoughts aloud and is heard by the audience, but not by other characters Blank Verse - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Class Notes

  • Literary TermsAllusionA reference another literary work, person, place, or event that the average reader may be unfamiliar with.AsideWhen a character speaks his or her thoughts aloud and is heard by the audience, but not by other charactersBlank VerseUnrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter

  • Literary TermsComic ReliefA humorous scene or speech that is included in dramaFoilA character who contrasts another characterForeshadowingWhen a writer uses hints or clues to indicate events or situations that will occur later in the plot


  • Literary TermsIronyThe contrast between appearance and reality. Reality is opposite of what it seemsParadoxA statement that seems to contradict itself but is actually truePunA joke that comes from a play on words. Words can have multiple meaningsSoliloquyA speech in which a character speaks thoughts out loud. BELL RINGER

  • The chorus expresses the hatred separating the Montagues and CapuletsSetting is in Verona, an Italian city during 14th century Italy. Use of foreshadowing and metaphorA Pair of star-crossed lovers take their life

    The PrologueBELL RINGER

  • Foreshadowing in the Prologue foreshadowingfatalMisadventured overthrowsChildrens enddeath

  • In Class Assignment The Prologue1. A Chorus (group voice) often suggests a moral to be drawn from a play. What does this Chorus say this love story will teach us? 2. Does the Chorus suggest we should sympathize with the lovers or the parents? Why? 3. The Chorus gives away the ending. The story was already well-known to Shakespeares audience, as it is to us. Does knowing the ending all along add to or diminish the tragedy?

  • Act 1, Scene 1 Questions 25 pointsAct I - Scene4. Why start with minor characters? 5. Beneath the bad puns, what are Sampson and Gregory fighting about? 6. What does the brawl reveal about the values of this society? 7. How respected are its leadersMontague, Capulet, Prince Escalus? 8. How could different staging make Prince Escaluss warning more or less effective? 9. As friends, what do Benvolio and Romeo have in common?

  • Act I, Scene 1NOTES

    The Capulets(Juliets side)The Montagues(Romeos side)SamsonGregoryAbram- Servant to MontagueTybalt- Nephew of Lady Capulet Benvolio- Nephew of Montague, friend to Romeo

  • Act I, Scene 2NOTESParis asks Capulets permission to marry JulietCapulet invites Paris to his party.Romeo finds out that Rosaline will be present at the party.

  • Act I, Scene 3NOTESThe Nurse serves as a foil to Juliet- she is loud, outspoken, and impulsive; Juliet is quiet and reserved.Lady Capulet convinces Juliet that Paris would make a good husband.

  • Homework Discussion Questions1. Why is old Capulet so eager to marry his daughter to Paris?2. Why does Benvolio suggest going to Capulets party?3. What is the point of the embarrassing story that the Nurse tells about Juliet as a toddler? 4. How well does the Nurse know Juliet? 5. How well does Juliets mother know her daughter?6. Is there evidence that each of the three women has doubts about Juliet marrying so young?

  • Act I, Scene 4Benvolio wants to have funMercutio tries to talk Romeo into a better mood. Romeo replies that he can't borrow Cupid's wings because he has been so badly wounded by Cupid's arrow.

  • Act I, Scene 4- MercutioUses several puns, dirty jokes, and vivid descriptions. "sink in it, should you burden love -- / Too great oppression for a tender thing" (1.4.24). means that if Romeo is going to blame ("burden") love for his state of mind, he will only sink further into love. also means that if he gets what he wants (sex) he will sink into the woman and be a burden to her. Thinks Romeo is too seriousLove-sickness is caused by a lack of sex.

  • Act I, Scene 4- MercutioRomeo doesnt believe that he can win the game of love and doesnt want to play. Mercutio tells Romeo to shut up about being "done" and to quit being a do-nothing. Says that if Romeo is "done," he's Dun the horse (name of a log that people pulled out of mud during a Christmas game.)Mercutio says that love is bullcrap, and that Romeo is stuck in it up to the ears.

  • Act I, Scene 4- Romeos SpeechForeshadowing chain of events ("consequence") chain of events does terminate the duration ("expire the term") of Romeo's life with premature ("untimely") death.Despite his premonitions, Romeo goes to Capulet's house. Says that he is doing so because he is entrusting his fate to "He, that hath the steerage of my course." (God)

  • Act I, Scene 5- Romeo and Juliet MeetThe servant's bustle picks up the pace of the play. Everything is speeding up. Capulet welcomes everyone speaks to Romeo's company when he says, "Welcome, gentlemen! ladies that have their toes / Unplagued with corns will walk a bout with you" (1.5.16-17). Making sure that these strangers in masks feel welcome.

  • Act I, Scene 5- Romeo and Juliet MeetRomeo sees Juliet and falls in love with her instantly. Tybalt recognizes Romeos voice and sends for his rapier to kill him. Capulet insists on Tybalts obedience, reminding him of Romeos good character.

  • Act I, Scene 5- Romeo and Juliet MeetRomeo and Juliet continue their exchanges and they kissinterrupted by the Nurse, (sends Juliet to find her mother.) Romeo realizes the grave consequences of their love.Juliet discovers from the Nurse that Romeo is a Montague.

  • Act II, PrologueQuatrian (first four lines) has a sarcastic toneChorus foreshadows deathdesire death in his deathbead groaned for and would die.Romeo is willing to die for beauty

  • Act II, Scene I Begins with a soliloquy from RomeoSoliloquy - A speech revealing a characters thoughts, actions, and/or emotions that are only heard by the audience and not by the other characters.

  • Act II, Scene 1Romeo enters and speaks of his love for Juliet. He jumps over a Capulet wall, hoping to see her. Mercutio mocks Romeo's feelings for Rosaline.Benvolio suggests that they leave and go look for him.

  • Act II, Scene II

    The Capulet orchard Romeo watches Juliet and starts to speak with her. They proclaim their love for each other here. Romeo and Juliet quickly agree to marry the next day at nine o'clock. The Nurse calls for Juliet and she has to go. They say goodbye to each other for the night and exit.

  • Act II, Scene II - JulietWilling to denounce her family name to be with him: "O Romeo, Romeo! Wherefore art thou Romeo?/ Deny thy father and refuse thy name;/ Or, if thou wilt not, be but sworn my love,/ And I'll no longer be a Capulet.

  • Act II, Scene II - NamesThe lovers go into a long discourse about names and how they are nothing more than words. The fact that she is a Capulet by name and he is a Montague by name should not affect their love for each other like it does."'Tis but thy name that is my enemy. Thou art thyself, thou not a Montague. What's Montague? It is nor hand, nor foot, Nor arm, nor face, nor any other part Belonging to a man. O, be some other name! What's in a name? That which we call a rose By any other word would smell as sweet." Act 2, Scene 2, lines 38-44

  • Act II, Scene 3 Friar LawrenceFriar Laurence uses a plant metaphor to comment on how -- in both plants and people -- everything has some good, and every good can be abused and turned to evilmeditating on the struggle between good and evil in nature and manCriticizes Romeo for jumping from Rosaline to Juliet Agrees to perform the ceremonythinks that the marriage may end the hatred between the Capulets and Montagues.

  • Act II, Scene 4Tone of this scene is humorous as everyone jokes aroundBenvolio says that Tybalt has sent a challenge to RomeoMercutioswitches from making fun of Tybalt to making fun of Romeo. Romeo and Mercutio exchange a series of puns

  • Act II, Scene 4The Nurse (enters with Peter)Becomes the target of more jokescomplains about Mercutioreceives from Romeo the information about time and place of the weddingchatters on about how sweet Juliet is.

  • Act II, Scene 5Plot is fast-paced. Scene 5 is about anticipation, not information. Juliet impatiently awaits the return of the Nurse with news from RomeoThe Nurse teases Juliet by finding all kinds of ways to not deliver the joyful newsFinally tells her that she is to go Friar Laurence's cell to be married to Romeo.

  • Act II, Scene 6Just before the wedding, Friar Laurence advises Romeo to love moderately.Romeo and Juliet tell each other how much they love one another.Friar Laurence leads them off to be married.

  • Act III, Scene 1The climax of the playBenvolio tries to persuade Mercutio that it's best to stay out of the way of the Capulets and a quarrelMercutio jokingly claims that Benvolio is as much of a quarreler as anyone. Tybalt, looking for Romeo, is challenged to a fight by MercutioTybalt challenges Romeo to fight. Romeo refuses Mercutio steps forward and fights Tybalt.

  • Act III, Scene 1As Romeo is trying to stop the fight, Tybalt gives Mercutio a wound, then runs away. Mercutio dies. Romeo is ashamed of himself for letting Mercutio do the fightingRomeo kills Tybalt and leaves the scene. Benvolio tells the Prince what happened. Lady Capulet wants Romeo's life,The Prince exiles Romeo.