CJ 6A Checklist Version 1

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  • Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0 Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0

    RedStar Pilots Association

    Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist

    Version 1.0 August 2003

    Introduction: This Checklist is intended to promote safety and standardization within the RedStar Pilots Association membership. The checklists contained here in are only one suggested method. The pilot alone is responsible for determining the accuracy and applicability of this checklist for use in his/her aircraft, as many aircraft are different. The Red Star Pilots Association assumes no responsibility for the content, accuracy, or use of this checklist.

    Normal Checklists: The Normal Checklists are to be used as a check-list.

    Emergency and Abnormal Checklists: The Emergency Checklists contain time critical action items, whereas the Abnormal Checklists cover less critical malfunctions. The Emergency and Abnormal Checklists are used as do-lists, with the exception of items printed in bold. Boldface items are time-critical items that should be committed to, and performed from memory. Thereafter, use the appropriate checklist to verify all boldface items are complete. Any other checklist steps are performed by referring to the appropriate Emergency or Abnormal Checklist.

    TABLE OF CONTENTS:

    Normal Checklists Table of Contents........................................................Page i Preflight .......................................................................Pages 1-3 Before Start .................................................................Page 4 Engine Start.................................................................Page 4 After Start ....................................................................Page 4 Taxi .............................................................................Page 5 Engine Run-up ............................................................Page 5 Before Takeoff ............................................................Page 5 Climb ...........................................................................Page 6 Cruise..........................................................................Page 6 Descent .......................................................................Page 6 Approach.....................................................................Page 6 Before Landing............................................................Page 6 After Landing...............................................................Page 7 Engine Shutdown ........................................................Page 7 Securing Aircraft .........................................................Page 7 Operating Limitations Summary..................................Page 8

    Emergency Checklists Wheel Brakes Failure..................................................Page E-1 Engine Fire on the Ground..........................................Page E-1 Engine Fire In Flight ....................................................Page E-1 Bailout .........................................................................Page E-1 Forced Landing ...........................................................Page E-1 Engine Failure In Flight ...............................................Page E-2 Electrical Fire/Smoke In Flight ....................................Page E-2

    Abnormal Checklists Generator Warning Light Illuminated ..........................Page A-1 Fuel System Imbalance...............................................Page A-1 Landing Gear Retraction Failure .................................Page A-2 Wing Flap Retraction Failure ......................................Page A-2 Landing Gear Extension Failure..................................Page A-3 Wing Flap Extension Failure .......................................Page A-4 Main Air Pressure Low ................................................Page A-5 Emergency Air System Activation ...............................Page A-5

    i

  • Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0 Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0

    PREFLIGHT

    Aft Cockpit Control Locks ........................................ Removed Flap Handle........................................... Neutral/Detent Elevator Trim......................................... Neutral (Visually) Landing Gear Handle ............................ Neutral/Locked Magneto Switch..................................... Off (0 Position) Magneto Override Switch ...................... Forward Electrical Switches ................................ Off

    Forward Cockpit Control Locks ........................................ Removed Landing Gear Handle ............................ Down/Locked Flap Handle........................................... Neutral Main Air Valve ....................................... Open-Check PSI/Closed Brakes................................................... Set Gill Shutters........................................... Open Magneto Switch..................................... Off (0 Position) Battery................................................... On/Check Volts Engine Instrument Switch...................... On Fuel Quantity......................................... Check Left and Right Battery/Electrical Switches .................... Off Oil Cooler Door ..................................... Open Emergency Air Valve............................. Closed/Check PSI Aircraft Documents................................ On Board (Oil Quantity .......................................... Check) (Nose Gear Position Indicator ............... Check Tight)

    Left Fuselage Inspection/Access Panels...................... Secure APU Power Receptacle ......................... Check Air Bottle Service Port ........................... Check Elevator Access Panel .......................... Check/Secure

    Tail Section Control Locks ........................................ Removed Control Surfaces.................................... Check Trim Tabs .............................................. Check Position Light......................................... Check

    1

    PREFLIGHT (cont.)

    Right Fuselage Inspection/Access Panels.......................Secure

    Right Wing Oil Cooler Outlet.....................................Check Flap ........................................................Check Brake Line ..............................................Check Inspection/Access Panels.......................Secure Aileron....................................................Check Position Light..........................................Check Pitot Cover .............................................Remove Pitot Tube...............................................Check Fuel Quantity..........................................Check/Cap Secure Gear Position Indicator...........................Check/Tight Wheel Well.............................................Check Uplock Hook .....................................Check Air Lines/Fittings...............................Check Tire ...................................................Check Strut Extension .................................Check Door and Side Brace ........................Check Oil Cooler Inlet .......................................Check

    Nose Section Inspection/Access Panels.......................Secure Nose Wheel Well ...................................Check Uplock Hook .....................................Check Air Lines/Fittings...............................Check Brace................................................Check Strut Extension .................................Check Tire ...................................................Check Exhaust System .....................................Check Engine General Condition/Leaks............Check Engine Cowl Attach Pins/Latches...........Secure Gill Shutters............................................Check Propeller.................................................Check/Pull Through Firewall Fuel Quick Drain (If installed) .......Check

    2

  • Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0 Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0

    PREFLIGHT (cont.)

    Center Section Fuselage Tank Sump ............................ Drain/Secure Fuel Sump Access Panel ...................... Secure Inspection/Access Panels...................... Secure Transponder Antenna............................ Check

    Left Wing Wheel Well............................................ Check Uplock Hook .................................... Check Air Lines/Fittings.............................. Check Tire .................................................. Check Strut Extension ................................ Check Door and Side Brace ....................... Check Gear Position Indicator .......................... Check/Tight Landing Light......................................... Check Fuel Quantity......................................... Check/Cap Secure Position Light......................................... Check Aileron................................................... Check Inspection/Access Panels...................... Secure Brake Line ............................................. Check Flap ....................................................... Check

    Aft Cockpit Passenger Briefing ................................ Complete Seat, Seat Belt and Harnesses ............. Secure Loose Items........................................... Stowed Magneto Switch..................................... 1+2 Position Magneto Override Switch ...................... Forward Electrical Switches ................................ Off If Solo: Canopy.............................................. Secure Seat Belts, Parachute, Harness ........ Secure

    3 BEFORE START Brakes....................................................Set Propeller.................................................Pulled Through Prime......................................................As Required Seat and Rudder Bar..............................Adjust Seat Belts/Harnesses.............................Fastened Main Air Valve ........................................Open Main Air Pressure...................................Check Mixture ...................................................Rich (AFT) Throttle...................................................Cracked 3/4 Prop .......................................................High RPM (FWD) Carb Heat...............................................Closed (AFT) Emergency Fuel Shutoff .........................Open (FWD) Gill Shutters............................................As Required Oil Cooler Door ......................................As Required Emergency Air Valve..............................Closed/Chk Pressure Loose Items (Both Cockpits) ..................Secure

    ENGINE START Battery Switch ........................................On Generator ...............................................On Start Switch (Shower of Sparks).............On Landing Gear Lights Switch....................On/Check Indicators Engine Instruments Switch .....................On/Check Instruments Manifold Pressure ..................................Note Ambient Pressure Fuel Quantity..........................................Check Indicators Fuel Wobble Pump.................................Operate/Check Fuel PSI Magneto Switch......................................1+2 Position Starter Button .........................................Press Oil Pressure ...........................................Check (Min 1.5)

    AFTER START Engine Instruments ................................Check Main Air Valve ........................................Confirm Open Main Air Pressure...................................Check Mixture ...................................................Lean as Required Gill Shutters............................................As Required Volts and Amps ......................................Check Electrical Switches .................................As Required Oil Cooler Door ......................................As Required Primer ....................................................Down and Locked

  • Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0 Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0 4

    TAXI Brakes................................................... Check Attitude Indicator ................................... Check Turning Instruments .............................. Check

    ENGINE RUN-UP Note: Check Engine Instruments in Normal Range before exceeding 1400 RPM. (Minimums: CHT 120 C, Oil Temp 30 C) Nose Wheel .......................................... Centered Brakes................................................... Set Mixture .................................................. Rich (AFT) Propeller................................................ High RPM Throttle .................................................. 1860 RPM Engine Instruments ............................... Check Propeller................................................ Cycle Magnetos .............................................. Check (Max Drop 60) Carb Heat.............................................. Check Throttle Close........................................ Check RPM (500 50 RPM) Throttle .................................................. Set 1000-1200 RPM

    BEFORE TAKEOFF Flight Controls ....................................... Free and Correct Main Air Valve ....................................... Confirm Open Main Air Pressure.................................. Check (30 Min) Flap Handle........................................... Neutral Flap ....................................................... Up/Check Indicator Mixture .................................................. Rich (AFT) Propeller................................................ High RPM Carb Heat.............................................. Closed Emergency Fuel Shutoff ........................ Open Elevator Trim......................................... Neutral/Green Light Gill Shutters........................................... As Required Flight Instruments.................................. Check Engine Instruments ............................... Check Fuel Quantity......................................... Check Oil Cooler Door ..................................... As Required Primer ................................................... Down and Locked Taking the Runway: Transponder .................................... On/ALT Strobe Lights ................................... On

    5

    CLIMB Landing Gear Handle ......................Up/Red Lts On Landing Gear Handle ......................Neutral Climb Power ...................................Set (750mm/2250RPM) Mixture ............................................Lean As Required Gill Shutters ....................................As Required Oil Cooler Door ...............................As Required Engine Instruments .........................Check Main Air Pressure ...........................Check

    CRUISE Cruise Power ..................................Set Mixture ............................................Lean As Required Gill Shutters ....................................As Required Oil Cooler Door ...............................As Required Fuel Quantity...................................Check Engine Instruments .........................Check Main Air Pressure ...........................Check

    DESCENT Gill Shutters ....................................Close Oil Cooler Door ...............................As Required Mixture ............................................As Required Engine Instruments .........................Check

    APPROACH Landing Gear and Flap Handles .....Up Main Air Pressure ...........................Check Flight and Nav Instruments .............Check and Set Engine Instruments .........................Check

    BEFORE LANDING Landing Gear Handle ......................Down/Latch Engaged Landing Gear Indications ................3 Green & 3 Poles Propeller .........................................High RPM Flap.................................................Down/Check Indicator Main Air Pressure ...........................Check

  • Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0 Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0 6

    AFTER LANDING (Clear of Runway) Flap Handle-Confirm Flap................. Up, then Neutral Mixture .............................................. Lean as Required Gill Shutters ...................................... As Required Oil Cooler Door ................................. As Required Strobe Lights..................................... Off Transponder...................................... Stby/Off

    ENGINE SHUTDOWN CHT................................................... 150 Max (OAT>25:165) Throttle.............................................. 1900 Mixture .............................................. Lean for 15 Secs, Rich Throttle.............................................. Idle Magneto Switch................................. Off (0) Throttle.............................................. Smoothly Full Open AFTER ENGINE STOPS: Throttle.............................................. Close Electrical Switches (Both Cockpits)... Off Battery............................................... Off Main Air Valve................................... Closed Chocks .............................................. In Air Line Purge Valve ......................... Drain/Secure Brake Line Purge Valve .................... Drain/Secure

    SECURING AIRCRAFT Electrical Switches (Both Cockpits)... Off Main Air Valve................................... Confirm Closed Magneto Switch (Both Cockpits) ....... Off (0) Landing Gear Handle ........................ Down/Locked Gill Shutters ...................................... Closed Oil Cooler Door ................................. Closed Vents (Both Cockpits) ....................... Closed Controls............................................. Locked Canopies........................................... Closed Covers/Tie Downs............................. Secure

    7

    OPERATING LIMITATIONS SUMMARY Max RPM (5 Minutes) 2350 RPM Max Continuous RPM 2250 RPM Idle 500 50 RPM T/O Power 2350 RPM/5 minutes Max

    Fuel Pressure Normal .2 - .5 kg/cm2 Minimum at Idle .15 kg/cm2

    Oil Pressure Normal 4-7 kg/cm2 Minimum at Idle 1.5 kg/cm2

    Oil Temperature Minimum Engine Oil Inlet 30 C Normal Engine Oil Inlet 50 - 65 C Max Engine Oil Inlet (Continuous) 75 C Max Engine Oil Inlet (15 minutes) 85 C Max Engine Outlet 125 C

    CHT Normal 140 - 210 C Minimum 120 C Max (Continuous) 230 C Max (15 minutes) 240 C Max (5 minutes) 250 C Max at Shutdown OAT below 25 C 150 C OAT above 25 C 165 C

    Generator Normal Volts 27.5 1 V Max Current 54 Amps

    Air System Minimum for T/O 30 kg/cm2 Normal 40 kg/cm2

  • Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0 Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0 Max 50 kg/cm2

    8 WHEEL BRAKES FAILURE Brake Handles (Fwd and Aft) .......... Operate If Unable to Brake/Maintain Directional Control: Emergency Air Valve ....................... Open Brake Handles (Fwd or Aft) ............. Operate Magneto Switch (if unable to stop). Off (End of Procedure)

    ENGINE FIRE ON THE GROUND Emergency Fuel Shutoff.................. Close (AFT) Magneto Switch................................ Off (0) Starter ............................................... Engaged Attempt to suck fire into engine. If fire cant be controlled, or after it is extinguished: Starter ............................................... Release Battery............................................... Off Evacuation........................................ Execute (End of Procedure)

    ENGINE FIRE IN FLIGHT Emergency Fuel Shutoff.................. Close (AFT) Gill Shutters...................................... Open Airspeed............................................ As Required Increase Airspeed as required attempting to extinguish fire. Once extinguished, establish Vglide of 150 km/hr (80 KIAS).

    IF FIRE IS UNCONTROLABLE- BAILOUT: Radio Call (if possible) .................... Declare Emergency Canopy.............................................. Open Helmet/Headset ................................ Disconnect/Remove Seat Belt and Harness ..................... Release Bailout............................................... Execute

    IF FIRE IS EXTINGUISHED: Forced Landing Checklist ............... Execute (page E-2) (End of Procedure)

    E-1

    ENGINE FAILURE IN FLIGHT Airspeed ............................................150 km/hr (80 KIAS) Landing Site ......................................Determine Engine Instruments ..........................Check Mixture ...............................................Rich (AFT) Emergency Fuel Shutoff...................Open (FWD) Carb Heat...........................................On Magnetos ...........................................1, 2, 1+2 Fuel Wobble Pump ...........................Operate Primer ................................................Down and Locked

    IF ENGINE STARTS OR CONTINUES TO RUN: Engine Instruments .............................Check Land at Nearest Suitable Airport

    IF ENGINE FAILS TO START: Forced Landing Checklist ................Execute (below) (End of Procedure)

    FORCED LANDING Airspeed ............................................150 km/hr (80 KIAS) Propeller ............................................Low RPM (AFT) Landing Site ......................................Determine Radio Call (if possible) .....................Declare Emergency Emergency Fuel Shutoff...................Close (AFT) Magnetos ...........................................Off (0) Seat Belt and Harness......................Tight Landing Gear.....................................As Required Flap ....................................................Down PRIOR TO TOUCHDOWN: Battery ...............................................Off Canopy...............................................Full Open (End of Procedure)

    E-2

  • Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0 Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0

    ELECTRICAL FIRE/SMOKE IN FLIGHT Battery............................................... Off Generator.......................................... Off All Electrical Switches..................... Off Cockpit: Ventilate ............................ (As Required)

    IF FIRE IS UNCONTROLABLE- BAIL OUT: Radio Call (if possible) .................... Declare Emergency Canopy.............................................. Open Helmet/Headset ................................ Disconnect/Remove Seat Belt and Harness ..................... Release Bailout............................................... Execute

    IF FIRE IS EXTINGUISHED: Land at Nearest Suitable Airport (End of Procedure)

    IF ELECTRICAL POWER IS ESSENTIAL FOR SAFETY: All Electrical Switches ........................ Confirm Off Battery................................................ On Volts/Amps......................................... Check Essential Electrical Switches (only).... On/Check for Smoke Wait a suitable time period (1 minute minimum) between activation of each required switch to check for smoke. (End of Procedure)

    E-3

    GENERATOR WARNING LIGHT ILLUMINATED Volts/Amps..........................................Check

    IF VOLTS AND AMPS ARE NORMAL: (Note: Normal Indications are 27.5 1 V and no discharge) Consider the light to be faulty. Consider landing as soon as conditions permit.

    IF VOLTS AND AMPS ARE NOT NORMAL: All Electrical Switches.........................Off Generator Switch ................................Off Battery Switch.....................................Off Before the next step, consider reducing engine RPM to reduce the chance of damage to the generator. Generator Switch ................................On Battery Switch.....................................On

    IF WARNING LIGHT REMAINS ON: Generator Switch ................................Off Non-essential Electrical Switches .......Off Electrical Power ..................................Conserve Consider Landing at Nearest Suitable Airport

    IF WARNING LIGHT REMAINS OUT: Electrical Switches (one at a time) ......On Volts/Amps..........................................Check Consider Landing at Suitable Airport (End of Procedure)

    FUEL SYSTEM IMBALANCE Note: Divert to the nearest suitable airport before fuel state becomes critical. Land with at least 30 minutes fuel in the lower tank (in case fuel is trapped in the higher tank.)

    Wing with higher tank quantity ............Raise

    Fly in a bank (using opposite rudder to maintain heading). Monitor fuel tank quantities for indications that the higher tank is feeding. (End of Procedure)

    A-1

  • Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0 Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0 LANDING GEAR RETRACTION FAILURE Landing Gear Handles ....................... Check Fwd/Aft Landing Gear Handle ......................... Down/3Green & Poles Main Air Valve.................................... Check Open Main Air Pressure............................... Check

    IF MAIN AIR PRESSURE IS NORMAL: Land with three gear down indications.

    IF MAIN AIR PRESSURE IS LOW: Continue and Monitor Pressure (fuel permitting). If Air Pressure remains low, or decreases, refer to Main Air Pressure Low checklist (p A-5)

    IF MAIN AIR PRESSURE INCREASES TO NORMAL: Landing Gear Handle ......................... Up/Check Indications Monitor Air System Pressure

    IF LANDING GEAR STILL REMAINS DOWN: Land with three gear down indications. (End of Procedure)

    WING FLAP RETRACTION FAILURE Note: Do not Exceed Flap Limit Speed 200 km/hr (108 KIAS) Flap Handles...................................... Check Fwd/Aft Main Air Valve.................................... Check Open Main Air Pressure............................... Check Note: With Flap Handles in Up or Neutral, Flap should retract

    IF MAIN AIR PRESSURE IS LOW: Continue and Monitor Pressure (fuel permitting). If Air Pressure remains low, or decreases, refer to Main Air Pressure Low checklist (p A-5)

    IF AIR PRESSURE IS NORMAL/INCREASES TO NORMAL: Flap Handles...................................... Check Fwd/Aft Flap Handle........................................ Recycle

    IF FLAP REMAINS DOWN: Land as soon as conditions permit. (End of Procedure)

    A-2

    LANDING GEAR EXTENSION FAILURE Landing Gear Handles ........................Check Fwd/Aft Main Air Valve.....................................Check Open Main Air Pressure ...............................Check

    IF MAIN AIR PRESSURE IS LOW: Continue and Monitor Pressure (fuel permitting). If Air Pressure remains low, or decreases, refer to Main Air Pressure Low checklist (p A-5).

    IF MAIN AIR PRESSURE INCREASES TO NORMAL: Landing Gear Handle ..........................Down Landing Gear Indications ....................Check 3 Green/Poles

    IF GEAR STILL FAILS TO EXTEND: Landing Gear Handles ........................Check Fwd/Aft Landing Gear Handle ..........................Recycle Consider reducing airspeed, yawing the aircraft or using G-loads to assist in gear extension.

    IF GEAR STILL FAILS TO EXTEND: Main Air Valve.....................................Close Landing Gear Handle ..........................Neutral Emergency Air Valve ..........................Open Landing Gear Indications ....................Check 3 Green/Poles Landing Gear Handle ..........................Down

    IF GEAR EXTENDS: Monitor Emergency Air System Pressure. Land as soon as conditions permit.

    IF GEAR FAILS TO EXTEND AFTER ALL EFFORTS: Plan Normal Approach (with Flap Extended) Seat Belt and Harness ........................Tight Canopy................................................Open Prior To Touchdown: Emergency Fuel Shutoff .....................Close Magnetos ............................................Off (0) Battery and Generator Switches .........Off (End of Procedure)

  • Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0 Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0 A-3

    WING FLAP EXTENSION FAILURE Flap Handles...................................... Check Fwd/Aft Main Air Valve.................................... Check Open Main Air Pressure............................... Check

    IF MAIN AIR PRESSURE IS LOW: Continue and Monitor Pressure (fuel permitting). If Air Pressure remains low, or decreases, refer to Main Air Pressure Low checklist (p A-5)

    IF AIR PRESSURE IS NORMAL/INCREASES TO NORMAL: Flap Handle........................................ Recycle

    IF FLAP FAILS TO EXTEND WITH NORMAL PRESSURE: Plan Flap Up landing adding 10 km/hr (5 KIAS) to approach speeds. However, if flap is required for landing: Landing Gear Handle ......................... Down Landing Gear Indications ................... Check 3 Green/Poles Main Air Valve.................................... Close Emergency Air Valve.......................... Open Flap Handle (when required).............. Down Land as soon as conditions permit. Note: Monitor Emergency Air System Pressure. Wheel Brakes .................................... As Required Brakes will utilize Emergency Air Pressure (End of Procedure)

    A-4

    MAIN AIR PRESSURE LOW WARNING: With loss of main air pressure, normal gear and flap extension is not possible and there will be no brakes. Activation of the Emergency Air System is required.

    Main Air Valve.....................................Check Open Main Air Pressure ...............................Check Landing Gear and Flap Handles .........Neutral, Fwd and Aft Rear Cockpit Brake Override Button...Check

    IF MAIN AIR PRESSURE IS LOW: Continue and Monitor Pressure (fuel permitting). If main air pressure increases to normal, continue while monitoring pressure.

    IF AIR PRESSURE REMAINS LOW OR IS DECREASING: Consider extending the landing gear to verify proper gage operation and/or use remaining pressure. Consider changing the position of the flap handles to troubleshoot leak.

    IF AIR PRESSURE STILL REMAINS LOW OR IS DECREASING: Accomplish Emergency Air System Activation Checklist Below

    EMERGENCY AIR SYSTEM ACTIVATION: Main Air Valve.....................................Close Landing Gear Handle ..........................Neutral Emergency Air Valve ..........................Open Landing Gear Indications ....................Check 3 Green/Poles Landing Gear Handle ..........................Down Land as soon as conditions permit. Flap Handle (when required)...............Down Note: Monitor Emergency Air System Pressure.

  • Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0 Nanchang CJ-6A Pilots Checklist Version 1.0 Wheel Brakes .................................... As Required (End of Procedure)

    A-5