Church tally, libby

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<ul><li> 1. The Meaning of Freedom:The ChurchTally Portnoi and Libby McKown</li></ul> <p> 2. In The Meaning of Freedom, Eric Foner argues thatfollowing emancipation, African Americans strived torealize freedom by gaining control over all aspects oftheir lives: they stabilized their families, foundedindependent churches, established communityorganizations free from white influence, sought economicindependence, and asserted their rights by becomingpolitically active. Through these efforts, antebellum freeAfrican American and Freedmen communities wereconsolidated and expanded to form the foundation ofmodern African American society.Article Thesis 3. Following emancipation, the church remained a focalpoint of African American life while being transformedand consolidated as African Americans establishedindependent churches free from white influence.Church Thesis 4. Separated from whitechurches 5. Established completelyindependent black churches 6. Churches: centersof community life 7. Ministers thrust into politicalleadership 8. Religion transformed:chosen people Identity 9. African American Teaching a Bible Class. 1900s. Photograph. Jesse Alexander Photograph Collection, New York City. Digital SchomburgImages of 19th Century African Americans. New York Public Library. Web. 3 Jan. 2012.. "A Slave Preaching". 1863. The Illustrated London News. Learn NC. Web. 3 Jan. 2012. . Crossing Red Sea. Photograph. Heavenly Accents. Wordpress, 24 Mar. 2010. Web. 3 Jan. 2012.. Moore, Joanna P. BANNER BIBLE BAND, NASHVILLE, TENN. c1902. Photograph. "Christs Stead": Autobiographical Sketches,Chicago. Documenting the American South. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Web. 3 Jan. 2012.. "Reverend Charles H. Pearce - Founder of the A.M.E. church in Florida". c. 1900. Florida Memory. Florida Memory: Division of Libraryand Information Services . Web. 3 Jan. 2012. . St. Philips Church, Richmond, Virginia. 1867. Photograph. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York City. DigitalSchomburg Images of 19th Century African Americans. New York Public Library. Web. 3 Jan. 2012.. Stephens, Alice B. Church Scene with Worshippers. 1800s. 19th Century American Women. Blogspot, 31 Mar. 2011. Web. 3 Jan. 2012.. Unidentified. Meeting in the African Church, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1870s. Illustrated News, p.276 , Schomburg Center for Research in BlackCulture, Photographs and Prints Division. . Digital Schomburg Images of 19th Century African Americans. Web. 3 Jan. 2012.. Unknown. "Baptism". c. 1905. James Branch Cabell Library. Special Collections and Archives; Valentine Richmond History Center .VCU Libraries. Web. 3 Jan. 2012. . Unknown. Joseph Priestley, English Chemist and Presbyterian Minister. 1860. Oxford Science Archive, Oxford. Heritage Images. Web. 4Jan. 2012. . Walters, Alexander. NEW CHURCH TO WHICH BISHOP WALTERS CONTRIBUTED THE FIRST $ 25. 1917. Photograph. Documentingthe American South. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Web. 3 Jan. 2012. .Bibliography</p>