chinese communist revolution timeline

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  • 1.CHINESE COMMUNIST REVOLUTIONCHINESE COMMUNIST REVOLUTIONCHINESE COMMUNIST REVOLUTIONCHINESE COMMUNIST REVOLUTION

2. 1899 ________________- U.S. proposed that China opens their doors for merchants of all nations.1899 ________________- U.S. proposed that China opens their doors for merchants of all nations.Open Door Policy Spheres of Influence 3. 1899 - _______________ - Powerful secret society called The Righteous and Harmonious Fists made up of poor farmers and workers. They resented foreign influence and marched into Beijing to attack the foreigners. 1899 - _______________ - Powerful secret society called The Righteous and Harmonious Fists made up of poor farmers and workers. They resented foreign influence and marched into Beijing to attack the foreigners. Boxer Rebellion The rebellion failed due to the strength of the European military but ignited a sense of nationalism in China. People wanted change. Failed Rebellions 4. 1911 - Sun Yixian (Sun Yat- Sen) leads his Kuomintang (Guomintang) or ___________ Party and overthrows the Qing Dynasty. 1911 - Sun Yixian (Sun Yat- Sen) leads his Kuomintang (Guomintang) or ___________ Party and overthrows the Qing Dynasty. Nationalis t Dr. Sun Yixian Last Emperor of Qing Dynasty, Pu Yi 5. Develops ____________________________: 1. ____________- overthrow weak government and unite all Chinese under a strong centralized government. 2. ___________- Use constitutional government: equality for all and elected officials. 3. ___________- Give fair and equal ownership of land so all Chinese live well. Develops ____________________________: 1. ____________- overthrow weak government and unite all Chinese under a strong centralized government. 2. ___________- Use constitutional government: equality for all and elected officials. 3. ___________- Give fair and equal ownership of land so all Chinese live well. Three Principles of the People Nationalism Democracy Livelihood 6. 1916 - Nationalist Party has trouble controlling warlords and loses power. 1917 - Chinese fight in WWI declaring war on Germany in hopes of impressing the Europeans and regaining economic influence in their country. Instead, the Treaty Of Versailles rewards Japan with Germanys holdings in China. 1919 - World War I ends. 1916 - Nationalist Party has trouble controlling warlords and loses power. 1917 - Chinese fight in WWI declaring war on Germany in hopes of impressing the Europeans and regaining economic influence in their country. Instead, the Treaty Of Versailles rewards Japan with Germanys holdings in China. 1919 - World War I ends. Trouble Uniting China 7. 1919 ______________________ - Violent student protests take place throughout China due to unfair treatment of Treaty of Versailles and Japans influence in China. May Fourth Movement Self Determination! Self Determination! 8. 1921 - Communist Party formed - Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung) leads Communist party which is influenced by __________ and ______________. Their goal was to take over the government and create a centralized government to regulate the agricultural output, education, and society. Mao believed the peasants were most important and sought to distribute land equally to all. 1921 - Communist Party formed - Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung) leads Communist party which is influenced by __________ and ______________. Their goal was to take over the government and create a centralized government to regulate the agricultural output, education, and society. Mao believed the peasants were most important and sought to distribute land equally to all. Karl Marx Vladimir Lenin Destroy the Old China! Revolution is not a dinner party! Mao Zedong 9. 1922 - Despite differences, Communists and Nationalists unite together to fight warlords and Japanese. 1922 - Despite differences, Communists and Nationalists unite together to fight warlords and Japanese. 1925 - Sun Yixian dies and Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai- Shek) becomes the leader of the Kuomintang, or Nationalist Party. 1925 - Sun Yixian dies and Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai- Shek) becomes the leader of the Kuomintang, or Nationalist Party. Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-Shek) Sun Yixian and Jiang JieshiSun Yixian and Jiang Jieshi 10. 1927 __________________- Jiang Jieshi and the Nationalists kill thousands of Communists. New National Republic of China is formed and officially recognized by Europeans. 1927 __________________- Jiang Jieshi and the Nationalists kill thousands of Communists. New National Republic of China is formed and officially recognized by Europeans. Shanghai Massacre Warlords are Defeated but 11. 1930 - Civil War - Nationalist Party does nothing to reform and better China. No land reforms or open elections took place and peasants remained unhappy. Communists regain strength and begin war against the Nationalists. 1931 - Japan invades __________ (north of China) 1930 - Civil War - Nationalist Party does nothing to reform and better China. No land reforms or open elections took place and peasants remained unhappy. Communists regain strength and begin war against the Nationalists. 1931 - Japan invades __________ (north of China)Manchuria Nationalists Take Power 12. 1934 _______________- Nationalist forces chase Communists over 6,000 miles through China. For one year, the Communists fled always staying one step ahead of the Nationalists. Over 100,000 people began the journey but only about 30,000 survived. 1934 _______________- Nationalist forces chase Communists over 6,000 miles through China. For one year, the Communists fled always staying one step ahead of the Nationalists. Over 100,000 people began the journey but only about 30,000 survived. The Long March Film Clip 13. How do the conditions of the Long March appear to be in this picture?? The Long March: 1934-The Long March: 1934- 14. How do the conditions of the Long March appear to be in this picture?? Compare the two images of the Long March Compare the two images of the Long March 15. The Legend of Luding Bridge 16. Nationalists Communists Sun Yixian Jiang Jieshi Sun Yixian Jiang Jieshi Mao Zedong Mao Zedong United China Great Organized Government Equality for the People United China Great Organized Government Equality for the People Chinese Civil War Democracy Right to Vote Equal Opportunit y Communis m Small group of rulers Equal 17. 1937 - Japan invades China and forces Nationalists to unite with Communists. Both groups battle Japan throughout WWII (1939-1945) However, the Communists begin to gain power and influence throughout China, especially with the peasants. 1945 - Civil War continues - After WWII ends, the Communists and Nationalists continue civil war for control of China. Japanese Invasion of ChinaJapanese Invasion of China 18. After the Long March and WWII, Mao and the communists continued to fight a civil war against the Nationalists. Maos red army was able to push back the Nationalist to the island of Taiwan. Dejected Nationalists soldiers wait for their retreat from Nanjing Dejected Nationalists soldiers wait for their retreat from Nanjing Maos Red Army enters Nanjing Maos Red Army enters Nanjing 19. The Nationalist armies were exhausted and demoralized from the long war with Japan. As a result, the fresh and highly motivated Peoples Liberation Army were able to score many victories over them. By 1948 the situation was looking bad for the Nationalists, and good for the Communists. Victorious Communists march into Beijing, 1949 20. 1949 - With the wide and mass support of the peasants and workers, Mao Zedong defeats Jiang Jieshi and creates ___________________ ____________. The Nationalists flee mainland China to Taiwan, creating Two Chinas. Communists create a one-party state led by Mao Zedong - Begin Reforms: 1. All resources are directed toward political, social, and economic growth 2. Improved medical supplies and hospitals 3. Schools built 4. Regulation of all media (press, writing, speech, etc.) the Peoples Republicof China 21. Mao Zedong Believed that peasant equality, revolutionary spirit, and hard work were all that was needed to improve Chinas economy. 22. How will Mao Rule?How will Mao Rule? Film Clip 23. QUESTIONS:QUESTIONS: 1. How and why did Nationalism develop in China in the early 1900s? 2. Why did Sun Yixian receive vast support for overthrowing the Qing Empire which had existed for almost 300 years? 3. How did WWI and WWII affect China? 4. How did Mao Zedong and the Communists win the Civil War? 5. During this 100 year period, which event do you think was the most important in determining Chinas future? Why?

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