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CHILD SEX RATIO CENSUS OF INDIA 2011

Child POPULATION AND Child SEX RATIO

Dr Anupam BahriAsstt. Professor, UILS, PU, CHDRITTU PARAN KAUSHALRESEARCH SCHOLAR(DSSA), PUNJABI UNIVERSITY , PATIALA1Child population in India2Total population 1,21,05,69,573Males 62,31,21,843Females 58,74,47,730Child population 16,44,78,150Sex ratio 943/1000Child sex ratio (CSR)919/1000.Thirteen out of the 35 states and union territories have CSR lower than the national average of 918 girls per 1000 boys in 2011. The CSR ranged from a maximum of 972 in Arunachal Pradesh to a minimum of 834 in Haryana. Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, NCT of Delhi, Chandigarh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Gujarat and Maharashtra have recorded lower than 900 girls per 1,000 boys.SEX RATIO DISTRICT WISE

Red colour indicates minimum female population Light green indicates less female populationDark green indicates maximum female population3Meaning and Definition of Sex RatioThe `sex ratio at birth` defined as the number of girls born for every 1000 boys born.Sex ratio is a valuable source for finding the population of women in India and what is the ratio of women to that of men in India. In the Population Census of 2011 it was revealed that the population ratio in India 2011 is 943 females per 1000 of males.It is a more accurate and refined indicator of the extent of prenatal sex selection.The comparison of observed sex ratio at birth with normal sex ratio at birth gives an idea of girls missing at birth.

Cont.4Meaning and Definition of Sex RatioSex ratio at birth in India for the period (2007-09) was 906, while the internationally observed normal sex ratio at birth is 952 or more girls born per 1000 boys.

Accordingly, it is estimated that the practice of prenatal sex selection has resulted in approximately 5.7lakh girls being missed annually in India during the period 2001-08.

Cont.5SEX RATIO & CHILD SEX RATIOSEX RATIO =TOTAL NUMBER OF FEMALES x1000/ TOTAL NUMBER OF MALESFemales per 1000 males

CHILD SEX RATIO= NUMBER OF FEMALES (0-6) x 1000NUMBER OF MALES (0-6)Female girl child per 1000 male child

6SEX RATIO VS CHILD SEX RATIO7Sex ratio vs. child sex ratio8Sex ratio is in 2011 943/1000,from 933/1000 in 2001 it increased by 10 points in positive side. Child sex ratio in 2011 919/1000 from 927/1000 in 2001 it decreased by 8 points .HIGHEST AND LOWEST SEX RATIO (STATE WISE)9lowestStates 20112001Haryana879861Jammu and Kashmir 889892Sikkim 890875HIGHESTStates 20112001Kerala10841059Manipur992978Chhattisgarh991989CSR STATE WISE 2001 -201110

2001201110HIGEST AND LOWEST CHILD SEX RATIO (state wise) 11Lowest STATES 20112001HARYANA834819PUNJAB846798HIMACHAL PRADESH862941Highest STATES 20112001Meghalaya970973Chhattisgarh969960Kerala96496020012011

Child SEX RATIO STATES (RURAL)Child sex ratio (rural)Child sex ratio 927/1000Rural child sex ratio934/1000 Child sex ratio 919/1000 Rural child sex ratio 923/1000Decline of sex ratio in rural areas from 2001 by11 points1320012011Child sex ratio rural( state wise) Chhattisgarh 977/1000Arunachal pradesh 975/1000Meghalya 972/1000Haryana 835/1000Punjab 846/1000Jammu and kashmir 862/100014MAXIMUMMinimum 20012011

Child sex ratio states (urban) Child sex ratio ( urban)Child sex ratio 927/1000Urban child sex ratio 906/1000Child sex ratio 919/1000Urban child sex ratio 905/1000Decline of 1 point from 2001 1620012011Child sex ratio urban (state wise) Mizoram 974/1000Nagaland 973/1000Kerala 963/1000Haryana 835/1000Punjab, Gujrat 852/1000Rajasthan 874/100017Maximum MINIMUM18

Child sex ratio ( scheduled tribes)19All 152 districts with more than 25 percent tribal population according to 2011 census have been mapped to reflect the CSR in tribal areas for 2001 and 2011. Though the CSR for most of the tribal districts was above the national average of 918, the situation significantly deteriorated in 2011. While in 2001, 120 tribal districts had CSR of 950 or more, in 2011 this number declined to 90 districts. A comparison of 2001 and 2011 CSR maps, points to small pockets of contiguous districts in the range 900-949 extending from the west to the east of the country. The north-eastern districts have witnessed a dip in CSR below 950. Interestingly, when tribal districts are compared with non-tribal ones, a diffusion effect is evident wherein CSR decline in non-tribal areas is engulfing tribal districts as well in a diffusion effect is evident wherein CSR decline in non-tribal areas is engulfing tribal districts as well in a contiguous pattern.Child population in Punjab 201120Total population 2,77,43,338Male population 1,46,39,465Female population 1,31,03,873Child population 30,76,219Sex ratio 896/1000Child sex ratio 846/1000

Sex ratio in Punjab Sex ratio 876/1000Rural sex ratio 890/1000Urban sex ratio 849/1000Sex ratio 895/1000Rural sex ratio 907/1000Urban sex ratio 875/10002120012011Sex ratio district wise Hohiarpur 961/ 1000Jalandhar and rupnagar 915/1000 Kapurthala 912/1000Bathinda 868/1000Fatehgarh sahib 871/1000Barnala 876/100022Maximum sex ratio Minimum sex ratio 23

Child sex ratio (Punjab )Child sex ratio 798/1000Rural child sex ratio 799/1000Urban child sex ratio 796/1000Child sex ratio 846/1000Rural child sex ratio 844/100Urban child sex ratio 852/10002420012011District wise child sex ratio in (Punjab)S.B.S Nagar 885/1000Jalandhar 874/1000Kapurthala 871/1000Tarn Taran 820/1000Amritsar 826/1000Muktsar 831/100025Highest chid sex ratio Lowest child sex ratioChild sex ratio in (Punjab)26from 798 in 2001 Punjab made a recovery in 2011 with an increase of 48 points to reach a CSR of 846. Though a positive change, the CSR still remains substantially lower than 950.The gains made in the state are consistent across all districts. The increase is more in urban areas where the CSR increased to 846 as compared to 798 in 2001. Kapurthala registered the highest increase observed across the country of 86 points. Notably, the northeast to the southwest belt from Hoshiarpur to Bhatinda, registered a CSR above 850 in 2011. Though rural areas also recorded an increase, the overall rural CSR dipped below the state average of 846 for the first timeTHANK YOU27

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