Chapter 7 Latin America Mrs. Uding 7 th Grade Geography

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Chapter 7 Latin America Mrs. Uding 7 th Grade Geography. Name _____________________ Period _____ Date _________. Physical Geography of Mexico. Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean Islands make up the Middle America. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The American Revolution

Page 1Chapter 7Latin AmericaMrs. Uding 7th Grade GeographyName _____________________Period _____ Date _________

1Physical Geography of MexicoMexico, Central America and the Caribbean Islands make up the Middle America.

Their languages derived from Latin, so they called this region Latin America

Mountains and IslandsMexicos landforms include mountains, plateaus, and plains.Plateau- a broad, flat area of land higher than the surrounding land.

Two major mountain rangesSierra Madre Occidental located in western MexicoSierra Madre Oriental located in eastern Mexico

Earthquakes and VolcanosTectonic Plates are large rigid sections of the earths crust that is in constant motion.

Because of the physicial geography, Mexico and Central America are especially prone to earthquakes

EarthquakesAn earthquake devastated the central area of Managua, the capital of Nicaragua, in 1792, killing as many as 10,000 and leaving 300,000 homeless.

1985, Mexico City a quake struck killing about 10,000 and leveling hundreds of buildings.

Mexicos and Central Americas location on the edge of tectonic plate are the major contributing factor to earthquakes.

Mexican PlateauLies between the two mountain regions40% of the land regionsMost of Mexicos people live here

Rises about 4,000 feet above sea level in the northern part8,000 in the southern part

Central AmericaSouth of Mexico are the countries of Central AmericaCentral America is an isthmus, a strip of land that connects two larger land masses.Connecting the North and South America continents.In Central America, a string of volcanoes lines the Pacific Coast

The Caribbean IslandsEast of Central America

The islands are made up of three partsThe Bahamas are an archipelago1. Archipelago- a chain of islands

2. The Greater AntillesInclude Cuba, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico

Caribbean Islands3. Lesser AntillesInclude the remaining smaller islands.

Many of the Caribbean Islands are actually the exposed tops of underwater mountains.

Climate in MexicoAbout half of Mexico lies south of the tropic of Cancer

The temperatures in this part of Mexico are generally warm and constant year round, with abundant rainfall.

Tropical rain forests thrive in this area.

Temperatures vary greatly North of the Tropic of Cancer.

The driest areas are in the deserts of northwestern Mexico.

Climate in Central AmericaAll of Central America is located in the tropical zone, so temperatures are generally warm year round.

The plains along the Caribbean coast receive the greatest amount of precipitation.

The climate is perfect for the lush rain forests that grow there.

The Caribbean IslandsWinds play a big role in the climate of the Caribbean Islands.The waters in the Caribbean sea stay warm most of the year and heat the air over them.Warm winds that blow across the Caribbean Sea keeps the islands temperatures warm.

South AmericaSection 2 Physical Geography of South AmericaLandforms, Rivers, and LakesSouth America has nearly every type of physical feature.

Highlands: Mountainous or hilly sections of a country

Few large lakes but, is drained by five major river systems, including the Amazon River.

The AndesThe Andes Mountains stretch along western covering over three-fifths of South America.Stretching a distance of 5,500 miles. Longer than any other mountain range above sea level. The worlds second highest range.Only the Himalayas in Asia are higher.The Andes also includes altiplano or a high plateau.

Plains and HighlandsCentral Plains extend eastward from the Andes and cover about three-fifths or 40%of Brazil.Llanos, Gran Chaco, Amazon rain forest make the Central Plains.

Llanos: are wide grasslands that stretch across northeastern Columbia and western Venezuela.

Amazon Basin--CapyberraLargest rodent in the world, they're about 3 ft. tall. But they're really slow and sweet, they reminded us of a creature from a Miyazaki film

Tropical Rain ForestA tropical rain forest in the Amazon Basin covers about 40% of BrazilThe Gran Chaco is a largely uninhibited area consisting of subtropical grasslands and low forests.South of the Gran Chaco lies a large grassy plain called the Pampas Argentinias most populated area.

Angel FallsAngel Falls in the Guiana Highlands of southeastern Venezuela, the worlds tallest waterfall, drops 3,212 feet. The waterfall was named for Jimmy Angel, an American pilot who spotted it from his plane in 1935.

Jimmy was searching for gold when he saw Angel Falls. The falls drop off one of Venezuelas flat topped mountains.

Rivers and LakesSouth America has five major river systemsThe Amazon River is the largest carrying about 1/5th of the Earths river water.

The Amazon River flows from the Andes all the way to the Atlantic.

The Amazon RiverThe Amazon River is the second longest river in the world.What river is the largest?(The Nile in Africa)The Amazon may have gotten its name after a Spanish explorer who fought a battle against Indians in the region in which women had fought alongside men.The explorer believed the women resembled the Amazon warriors in Greek myths.

Geographical Features of South AmericaThe main geographical features of South America include the Andes, the Central Plains, the Eastern Highlands, the Amazon River system and the rain forest.

Climate and VegetationMost of the grasslands in South America are found in Venezuela, Colombia, Argentina, and Uruguay.

The climate of the Amazon is affected by the high humidity levels. The average temperature is only about 80 degrees, but the high humidity makes it seem much hotter.The Amazon River is the second largest river in the world (after the Nile river in Africa).

South America Mountain Climates

South America has a wide range of climates- from the steamy rain forests of the Amazon Basin to the icy cold of the upper Andes.

Mountain climates and vegetation changes as the elevation increases because the climate becomes colder as the elevation rises.

The climate to the Andes mountains changes with elevation.The climate at the lower or midway up the mountain is a tropical climate because it is closer to the equator.Midway up the mountain it becomes cooler and top becomes frigid cold.

Tropical Rain Forest in South AmericaMuch of South America lies in the low latitudes, which are tropical.Amazon River covers more than 2 million square miles.

The rain forest located primarily in Brazil is bordered to the east by the Guiana Highlands.

The Amazon rain forest has the worlds richest collection of life forms. In fact, many of its insects, birds, and plants have yet to be named.

Desert or DessertDesert climates occur along much of Perus coast, as well as northern Chile.

Desert climates are dry, and temperatures can be cold or warm.The Atacama Desert is warmer, with summer temperatures averaging in the mid 60 degrees.

In the center of the Atacama Desert, no rainfall has ever been recorded.

There nothing grows!!!