chapter 4 folk and popular culture. folk & popular culture i.intro a. culture combines values,...

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  • Chapter 4Folk and Popular Culture

  • Folk & Popular CultureIntroA. Culture combines values, material artifacts, & political institutionsB. Habit vs. CustomCollection of social customs produces a groups material cultureC. Basic Categories of Material CultureFolkPopularQuestions:Where are Folk & Popular culture located in space?Why are distributions of Folk & Popular culture different?

  • II. Origins and Diffusion of Folk & Popular CulturesA. Origin of folk and popular culturesCustomsOrigin of folk musicOrigin of popular musicOriginatedSpread WWIIEnglish becomes international languageHip-Hop

  • II. Origins and Diffusion of Folk & Popular Cultures B. Diffusion of folk and popular culturesThe Amish: Relocation diffusion of folk culture

    Sports: Hierarchical diffusion of popular culture

  • Tin Pan Alley & Popular MusicFig. 4-1: Writers and publishers of popular music were clustered in Tin Pan Alley in New York in the early 20th c. The area later moved north from 28th St to Times Square.

  • A Mental Map of Hip HopFig. 4-2: This mental map places major hip hop performers near other similar performers and in the portion of the country where they performed.

  • Amish Settlements in the U.S.Fig. 4-3: Amish settlements are distributed through the northeast U.S.

  • Amish Settlements in the U.S.

  • Clustering of Folk CulturesSports: Hierarchical diffusion of popular culture1. Folk Culture origin of soccer2. Globalization of Soccer3. Sports in Popular culture

  • II. Why is Folk Culture Clustered?Influence of the physical environment1. Food preferences and the environment2. Folk Housing D. Isolation promotes cultural diversityHimalayan ArtBuddhistsHindusMuslimsAnimistsBeliefs and Folk House FormsSacred Spaces 3. US Folk Housing 1. Lower Chesapeake 2. The Middle Atlantic 3. New England

  • Himalayan Folk Cultural RegionsFig. 4-4: Cultural geographers have identified four distinct culture regions based on predominant religions in the Himalaya Mountains.

  • Senegal Family Lunch

  • Traditional Vegetable Garden, IstanbulFig. 4-5: The bostan, or traditional vegetable garden, provides fresh vegetables in a large city such as Istanbul

  • Hog Production & Food CulturesFig. 4-6: Annual hog production is influenced by religious taboos against pork consumption in Islam and other religions. The highest production is in China, which is largely Buddhist.

  • Home Locations in Southeast AsiaFig. 4-7: Houses and sleeping positions are oriented according to local customs among the Lao in northern Laos (left) and the Yuan and Shan in northern Thailand (right).

  • House Types in Western ChinaFig. 4-8: Four communities in western China all have distinctive house types.

  • Diffusion of House Types in U.S.Fig. 4-9: Distinct house types originated in three main source areas in the U.S. and then diffused into the interior as migrants moved west.

  • Diffusion of New England House Types Fig. 4-10: Four main New England house types of the 18th & 19th centuries diffused westward as settlers migrated.

  • III. Wide Dispersion of Popular Culture A. Diffusion of popular housing, clothing, & food1. Popular food customs2. Rapid diffusion of clothing styles3. Popular Housing styles

    B. Television and diffusion of popular culture1. Diffusion of television2. Diffusion of the internet3. Diffusion of the facebook

  • U.S. House Types, 1945-1990Fig. 4-11: Several variations of the modern style were dominant from the 1940s into the 1970s. Since then, neo-eclectic styles have become the dominant type of house construction in the U.S.

  • Alcohol Preferences in the U.S.Fig. 4-12: Per capita consumption of Canadian whiskey (left) and tequila (right) show different source areas and histories of diffusion.

  • U.S. House Types by RegionFig. 4-1.1: Small towns in different regions of the eastern U.S. have different combinations of five main house types.

  • Wine Production per yearFig. 4-13: The distribution of wine production shows the joint impact of the physical environment and social customs.

  • Diffusion of TV1954 - 2003Fig. 4-14: Television has diffused widely since the 1950s, but some areas still have low numbers of TVs per population.

  • TV Distribution, 1954

  • TV Distribution, 1970

  • TV Distribution, 2003

  • Distribution of Internet Users, 1995 - 2003Fig. 4-15: Internet users per 1000 population. Diffusion of internet service is following the pattern of TV diffusion in the 20th century, but at a much faster rate.

  • Internet Users, 1995 per 1000 population

  • Internet Users, 2000 per 1000 population

  • Internet Users, 2004 per 1000 population

  • IV. Impacts of the Globalization of Popular CultureA. Threats to folk culture1. Loss of traditional values2. Foreign media dominance

    B. Environmental impacts of popular culture1. Modifying nature2. Uniform landscapes3. Negative environmental impact

  • Golf Courses in Metropolitan AreasFig. 4-16: The 50 best-served and worst-served metropolitan areas in terms of golf holes per capita, and areas that are above and below average.

  • McDonalds in Beijing, China

  • Route 66, U.S.



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