Chapter 17 Pacific South America 6 th Grade Social Studies.

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  • Slide 1
  • Chapter 17 Pacific South America 6 th Grade Social Studies
  • Slide 2
  • Section 1: Physical Geography Strait of Magellan Tierra del Fuego Cape Horn Amazon River Altiplano Lake Titicaca Lake Poopo Atacama Desert Andes
  • Slide 3
  • Vocabulary Strait- A narrow passageway that connects two large bodies of water Selvas- The thick tropical rain forests of eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru, and northern Bolivia
  • Slide 4
  • Vocabulary (cont.) El Nio An ocean and weather pattern in the Pacific Ocean in which ocean waters become warmer Peru Current- A cold ocean current off the coast of western South America 3:49
  • Slide 5
  • Main Ideas The main landform region of Pacific South America is the Andes. El Nino is a weather pattern that causes heavy rains along the coast.
  • Slide 6
  • SECTION 1 Physical Geography Physical Geography of Pacific South America Andes and Altiplano (glaciers, ice cap, Lake Titicaca, Lake Poop, dry) eastern plains (Amazon River rain forest, grass lands, oil, natural gas, silver, gold, other minerals) Pacific coast (Atacama Desert, fog, minerals) Pacific Ocean (Peru Current, fish)
  • Slide 7
  • Section 2: History and Culture
  • Slide 8
  • Main Ideas The Inca were able to communicate across great distances by using swift runners, a good road system and quipus. ***The Inca were experts in: (NO MOSIACS) 1. road building 2. metalwork 3. stonework Gold and silver attracted Spanish conquerors to Pacific South America.
  • Slide 9
  • Section 2: History and Culture Vocabulary Quinoa- (KEEN-wah) A native plant of South Americas Andean region that yields nutritious seeds Quipus- (KEE-pooz) Complicated systems of knots tied on strings of various colors, used by the Inca of South America to record information Viceroy- The governor of a colony
  • Slide 10
  • Vocabulary (cont.) Creoles- American-born descendents of Europeans in Spanish South America Coup- (KOO) A sudden overthrow of a government by a small group of people 6:18
  • Slide 11
  • Terraced Hillsides *** Early farmers grew crops in the Andes by cutting terraces into the mountains.
  • Slide 12
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  • Slide 13
  • SECTION 2 History and Culture Achievements and Characteristics of Pre-Inca and Inca Civilizations conquered other Andean peoples by early 1500s controlled area from southern Colombia to central Chile skilled at stonework and metalwork built irrigation projects, road system, suspension bridges no wheeled vehicles, horses, or writing system used quipus Pre-Inca Cultures Inca in area for thousands of years agriculture basis of economy cut terraces into hillsides domesticated quinoa, grew potatoes raised llamas and alpacas raised and ate guinea pigs
  • Slide 14
  • Machu Picchu 6:53
  • Slide 15
  • Section 3: Pacific South America Today Guess the countries Peru Chile Bolivia Ecuador 1 2 3 4
  • Slide 16
  • Main Ideas Rich oil deposits are drawing people to Ecuadors eastern lowlands. Many people move from the countryside to Lima to find jobs in industry and government.
  • Slide 17
  • Section 3: Pacific South America Today Vocabulary Quechua- (KE-chuh-wuh) The language of South Americas Inca; still spoken in the region Junta- (HOOHN-tuh) A small group of military officers who rule a country after seizing power 4:49
  • Slide 18
  • Machu Picchu Ancient Civilization in Peru
  • Slide 19
  • Guinea Pigs: Peru The Spanish Version of "The Last Supper" Painted Just For Peru! By Marcos Zapata Showing Christ And The Apostles Having Guinea-Pig, With A Glass Of Chicha!
  • Slide 20
  • Yummy!!! Guinea Pig anyone?
  • Slide 21
  • SECTION 3 Pacific South America Today Geographic and Economic Features of Ecuador, Bolivia, and Peru Regions Major Cities Economy EcuadorBoliviaPeru coastal plain, Altiplano, eastern plains coastal plain, Andes, eastern lowlands Guyaquil, QuitoLa Paz, Sucre, Santa Cruz Lima, Callao natural gas, farming, fishing, oil forests for lumber and fruit, minerals, hydroelectric power, tourism coastal lowland, Andes, eastern lowlands fertile soil, natural gas, metals
  • Slide 22
  • Ecuador 18:58
  • Slide 23
  • Equador ***About 19 percent of people who live in Equador speak NATIVE LANGUAGES. *** The three regions of Equador are: 1. coastal lowlands 2. mouantains 3. eastern lowlands
  • Slide 24
  • Bolivia ***Southeastern Bolivia contains wide grassland Has two capitals, La Paz and Sucre Has the highest percentage of Indians of any South American country.
  • Slide 25
  • Important Reminders ***The Inca were experts in: ( notice, NO MOSIACS) 1. road building 2. metalwork 3. stonework *** Early farmers grew crops in the Andes by cutting terraces into the mountains
  • Slide 26
  • continued *** Early farmers grew crops in the Andes by cutting terraces into the mountains ***About 19 percent of people who live in Equador speak NATIVE LANGUAGES. *** The three regions of Equador are: 1. coastal lowlands 2. mouantains 3. eastern lowlands
  • Slide 27
  • continued ***Southeastern Bolivia contains wide grassland