Chapter 17 (2012 Edition) Hairstyling. Hairstyling or dressing the hair ~ direct relation to the fashion, art, and life of the times Ready-to-wear clothing

Download Chapter 17 (2012 Edition) Hairstyling. Hairstyling or dressing the hair ~ direct relation to the fashion, art, and life of the times Ready-to-wear clothing

Post on 15-Dec-2015




2 download

Embed Size (px)


  • Slide 1

Chapter 17 (2012 Edition) Hairstyling Slide 2 Hairstyling or dressing the hair ~ direct relation to the fashion, art, and life of the times Ready-to-wear clothing ~ wash-and-wear hair Slide 3 educate clients in ~ home care maintenance ~ styling options for their hair Clients will judge your work by the finished style Slide 4 Think retro-out of style today may be back tomorrow Slide 5 Client Consultation First step in the hairstyling process Take into consideration ~ face shape ~ hair type ~ lifestyle Slide 6 Be a creative problem solver If you create a style that is flattering and easy to manage, clients will be most loyal Slide 7 Wet Hairstyling Basics Tools: Combs Brushes Rollers Clips Pins Clamps Slide 8 Finger Waving Shaping and directing the hair into an S pattern through the use of fingers, combs, and waving lotion Teaches you the technique of moving and directing the hair Slide 9 Slide 10 Add to side bar: Finger waves develop: Dexterity (finger) Finger strength Coordination =596&tbm=isch&tbnid=VesgkxjPd3UbwM:&imgrefurl= the-gold/&docid=FPpuF6MkstRqHM&imgurl= content/uploads/2007/12/1182722461_e_metallic_gold_eye_s1- 1.jpg&w=640&h=406&ei=coGtTtCXO8Lq0gGXt7GGDw&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=317&sig=1155705785 19706265263&page=11&tbnh=109&tbnw=148&start=214&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:9,s:214&tx=89&ty=4 7 Slide 11 Finger Waving Lotion Gel that makes hair pliable, keeps hair in place Made from karaya gum Found in trees in Africa and India Good lotion is harmless to the hair and does not flake when it dries Slide 12 Pin Curls Parts of a Curl Base-closest to the scalp Stem-between the base and the first arc ~ gives direction and movement Circle-forms a complete circle ~ size of circle determines the width of the wave and its strength Slide 13 Slide 14 Mobility of a Curl Stem determines the mobility or movement No-stem curl: -placed directly on the base -produces tight, firm, long-lasting curl -minimum mobility Name the pin curls that have a no-stem curl. Slide 15 Half-stem curl: -medium movement -half off base Name the pin curl with this stem. Full-stem curl: -greatest mobility -off the base -strong, definite direction (waves, not curl) Slide 16 Shaping for Pin Curl Placements ~ section is molded in a circular movement ***Ex. Maypoles Open and Closed Center Curls Open-smooth waves and uniform curls Closed-smaller, fine hair, fluffy curl Slide 17 Curl and Stem Direction Terms: Clockwise Counterclockwise Slide 18 Base Pin Curls or Foundations Rectangular base: -recommended on front hairline -smooth upsweep effect Name the pin curl with this base, then add to side bar. Slide 19 Triangular base: -use at front or facial hairline -prevents breaks and splits Arc base: -half-moon -gives good direction -used at hairline Which pin curl uses each of these bases? Add to side bar. Slide 20 Slide 21 Square base: -curly styles without volume List the two pin curls that have this base. Add to side bar. Add to side bar: Pin at the base through of the circle Incorrect-pinning through whole circle Slide 22 Pin Curl Techniques Ribboning-forcing the hair between the thumb and the back of the comb to create tension ***smoothes the strand/more even results Carved or Sculptured Curls Formed without lifting the hair ***used to finish the hairline in fingerwaves Slide 23 Designing with Pin Curls Barrel Curls -large center openings -rectangular base -similar to roller/not as much tension ***will not last as long as rollers Creating Volume with Pin Curls Cascade or Stand-Up Curls -create height Slide 24 Slide 25 Roller Curls Advantages over pin curls: Much faster Wrapped with tension/stronger, longer-lasting set Variety of sizes Broadens creative possibilities Slide 26 Parts of a Roller Curl Base (section) -same length and width as the roller Stem -first turn -direction and mobility Curl or Circle -determines size of wave or curl Fig. 17-29 Fig. 17-30 Slide 27 Determine the good and bad qualities of these two roller sets. Slide 28 Choosing Your Roller Size One complete turn creates a C-shaped curl One-and-a-half turns create a wave Two-and-a-half turns create curls Slide 29 Roller Placement On base-full volume -sits directly on its base -over-direct (135 degree angle) Half base-medium volume -sits halfway on its base and halfway behind the base -hold strand straight up (90 degree angle) Slide 30 Off base-least volume - sits completely off base * under-direct - 45degrees down from base Roller Direction Placement of rollers follows the movement of the finished style ***how you set is how you comb out Slide 31 Hot Rollers Used on dry hair Stay in for 10-20 minutes Less strong of curl than wet set (rollers) Stronger and longer-lasting than curling iron Slide 32 Slide 33 Velcro Rollers Add to side bar: Not legal in Pa beauty schools Salons must remove hair and disinfect between each client Used on dry hair Wet hair will snag and pull the hair Leave in for 5-10 minutes Slide 34 Slide 35 Fabric grips hair and stays in place Mist hair with hairspray Can place client under hooded dryer for 5-10 minutes ***Review page 96 for disinfection procedure Slide 36 Comb-out Techniques Good set leads to good comb out If you follow well-structured system of combing out hairstyles, you will save time and get more even results (on test-organized order) *** after the tease ~ start at bottom ~ place hair as you go up to the crown ~ bring in the sides ~ top is last Slide 37 Back-combing and Back-brushing Techniques Back-combing -called teasing, ratting, matting, or French lacing -mats hair at the scalp -forms a cushion Slide 38 Back-brushing -called ruffing -soft cushion Both: -used for up-dos -adds a little height -after hot rollers or blow-drying ***read techniques list Slide 39 Hair Wrapping Used to keep curly hair smooth and straight Very little volume-hair at scalp is not lifted Done on wet or dry hair http:/ 4409310 summary-hair- care... Read Heres a Tip and Caution Slide 40 Blow-dry Styling Technique of drying and styling damp hair in one operation Women desire hairstyles that require the least time and effort to maintain Guide and educate the client through this process The clients first impression of the haircut you have done will be determined by the quality of the blow-dry Slide 41 Slide 42 Add to side bar: Warm air molds the hair (into the desired shape) Cool air sets and removes frizz (smoothes and looks like a curling was used) Demonstration on mannequin Slide 43 Tools for Blow-dry Styling Blow-dryer-an electrical appliance designed for drying and styling the hair Concentrator-is a directional feature -creates a stream of air Diffuser-air flows more softly -keeps textural definition Slide 44 Not on test: good to know-clients will ask. ***Ionic blow dryers and curling irons infuse the hair with beneficial negative ions that seal the hair cuticle, eliminate frizz, and create shiny, silky, healthy hair. ***Ionic blow dryers dry hair quicker than regular blow dryers by breaking up the water in the hair into smaller particles which can evaporate faster. Slide 45 Keep blow-dryer perfectly clean and free of dirt, oil, and hair Air intake at back of blow-dryer must be clear at all times If intake is covered, dryer element will burn out prematurely Slide 46 Combs and Picks Teeth closely spaced remove definition from curl Creates a smooth surface Widely spread teeth give a more textured surface Comb with pick on the one end lift the hair a