Chapter 16 Atlantic South America 6 th Grade Social Studies Hodnicki.

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Chapter 16 Atlantic South America 6 th Grade Social Studies Hodnicki </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Maps of South America PoliticalPhysical </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Section 1: Physical Geography Amazon River / Basin Brazilian Highlands Brazilian Plateau Gran Chaco Patagonia Andes Parana River Paraguay River Rio de la Plata Tierra del Fuego South America Map </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Section 1 Objectives Identify the landforms and rivers found in Atlantic South America. Describe the regions climates, vegetation, and wildlife. Name some of the regions important resources. </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Section 1: Vocabulary Pampas - A wide, grassy plains region in central Argentina Estuary - A partially enclosed body of water where salty seawater and freshwater mix Soil exhaustion - The loss of soil nutrients needed by plants </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Questions What are the regions major landforms and rivers? What are the climates of the region? How have humans modified the regions environment? 4:37 </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> SECTION 1 Physical Geography Question: What are some of the important natural resources of Atlantic South America? </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> SECTION 1 Physical Geography Resources of Atlantic South America rain forestfor food, wood, rubber, medicinal plants; gold, other minerals oil hydroelectric power; minerals Area of Atlantic South America Resource oil, natural gas hydroelectric power Amazon River basin Brazilian Highlands Brazilian Plateau Patagonia Gran Chaco Pampas oil, natural gas, minerals </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Main Ideas What major landforms lie between the Amazon River basin and Patagonia? The Brazilian Highlands, the Pampas, and Gran Chaco are the major landforms that lie between the Amazon River and Patagonia. </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Main Idea What sets the Amazon River apart from all of the worlds other rivers? The Amazon River drains the largest area and carries more water than any other river in the world. </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Main Idea Why is the Patagonia desert dry? The Patagonia is dry because the Andes prevent the Pacific Oceans rain-bearing storms from reaching the area. </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Tropical Rainforests: Where Are Rainforests Located? Tropical rainforests are located near the equator One third of the world's tropical rainforests are in Brazil. </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> What makes the Tropical Rainforest special? Forest People Causes of Destruction Worksheet Video and Quiz to follow </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> 27:00 Rainforest </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Section 2: Brazil </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Section 2 Objectives Describe the history of Brazil. Identify the important characteristics of Brazils people and culture. Describe what Brazils four major regions are like today. </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> Brazil Vocabulary Favelas huge slums that surround some Brazilian cities </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> Questions How have different people influenced Brazilian history? How has cultural borrowing affected Brazilian culture? What are Brazils four main regions? 4:51 </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> SECTION 2 Brazil Question: What are some important characteristics of Brazils various regions? </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> SECTION 2 Brazil The Amazon The Interior The Northeast The Southeast dense rain forest; isolated Brazilian Indian villages; Manausmajor city; BelmAtlantic port; large mining district; tensions among Brazilian Indians, settlers, miners savannas and dry woodlands, could become agricultural area, Braslia, the national capital old colonial cities like Salvador, suffers from drought, poorest region, favelas coffee-growing area, Rio de Janeiro, richest region, most people, So Paulo Brazil </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> Main Ideas From what major immigrant groups are many Brazilians descended? Many Brazilians are descended from Africans, Portuguese, Spaniards, Germans, and Italians, and Poles. </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> Main Idea What is Brazils poorest region? What is its richest and most populated region? Brazils poorest region is the northeast and its richest and most populated is the southeast. </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> Google Earth Brazil Brasilia Manaurs Argentina Cordoba Cosquin </li> <li> Slide 24 </li> <li> 20:21 Brazil </li> <li> Slide 25 </li> <li> Section 3: Argentina </li> <li> Slide 26 </li> <li> Section 3 Objectives Describe the history of Argentina. Identify the important characteristics of Argentinas people and culture. Describe what Argentina is like today. </li> <li> Slide 27 </li> <li> Section 3: Argentina Vocabulary: Encomienda - A system in which Spanish monarchs gave land to Spanish colonists in the Americas; landowners could force Indians living there to work the land Gauchos - Argentine cowboys Mercosur - A trade organization that includes Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and two associate members (Bolivia and Chile) </li> <li> Slide 28 </li> <li> Questions How was Argentinas government organized during much of the 1900s? Why are so many languages spoken in Argentina? What is Argentina like today? 3:54 </li> <li> Slide 29 </li> <li> SECTION 3 Argentina Question: What is the ethnic makeup of Argentinas population? </li> <li> Slide 30 </li> <li> SECTION 3 Argentina Ethnic makeup of Argentina Descendants of Spanish, Italian, or other European settlers 97% Argentine Indians and mestizos 3% </li> <li> Slide 31 </li> <li> Main Ideas What happened to Argentine Indians in the Pampas in the 1800s? How did that affect Argentine society? Argentine Indians were killed in wars with the Argentine government. There are few Indians today. </li> <li> Slide 32 </li> <li> Main Idea Where is much of Argentinas industry located? Why? Most of Argentinas industry is located in the Buenos Aires area because of its beneficial position in the country. </li> <li> Slide 33 </li> <li> 2:49 Argentina </li> <li> Slide 34 </li> <li> Buenos Aires Locate Buenos Aires Where is Buenos Aires located? What would you expect to find in Buenos Aires? (notebook) Lets go to Buenos Aires (Google Earth) </li> <li> Slide 35 </li> <li> Section 4: Uruguay and Paraguay </li> <li> Slide 36 </li> <li> Section 4 Objectives Describe what the people and economy of Uruguay are like today. Describe what the people and economy of Paraguay are like today. </li> <li> Slide 37 </li> <li> Section 4: Uruguay and Paraguay Vocabulary Landlocked - Completely surrounded by land, with no direct access to the ocean </li> <li> Slide 38 </li> <li> Questions What geographic factors support agriculture in Uruguay? How is Paraguays economy organized? 4:00 </li> <li> Slide 39 </li> <li> 20:03 Paraguay and Uraguay </li> <li> Slide 40 </li> <li> SECTION 4 Uruguay and Paraguay Question: In what ways do the people and economies of Paraguay and Uruguay differ? </li> <li> Slide 41 </li> <li> SECTION 4 Uruguay and Paraguay The People and Economy of Paraguay and Uruguay Uruguay People Economy Paraguay People Economy 88% European; most Roman Catholic; Spanish, Portuguese (lang.) ; 90% urban; high literacy rate led by Brazil and Argentina; agriculture, livestock; hydroelectric power 95% mestizo; Spanish (lang.), Guaran, most Roman Catholic controlled by few families and companies; surplus hydroelectricity; agriculture; not much industry </li> <li> Slide 42 </li> <li> Main Ideas When and from what country did Uruguay win independence? What about Paraguay? Uruguay gained independence from Spain in 1825 and Paraguay from Spain in 1811. </li> <li> Slide 43 </li> <li> Main Idea Where is Paraguays most productive agricultural land? Paraguays most productive land is located east of the Paraguay River. </li> <li> Slide 44 </li> <li> Main Idea How has Paraguay used the natural resources for economic development? Paraguay has erected hydroelectric projects on the Parana River to create more power, surplus power is sold to Brazil and Argentina. </li> <li> Slide 45 </li> <li> South America Today (20:00) </li> <li> Slide 46 </li> <li> Chapter Wrap-Up 1. Which country in Atlantic South America was a Portuguese colony? What colonial power controlled the other countries before they became independent? 2. What major river systems drain much of northern and central Atlantic South America? What economic roles do they play? 3. Which is the richest region in Brazil? Which is the poorest? 4. What and where is the Rio de la Plata? 5. What is the most important agricultural area in Argentina? 1. Which country in Atlantic South America was a Portuguese colony? What colonial power controlled the other countries before they became independent? 2. What major river systems drain much of northern and central Atlantic South America? What economic roles do they play? 3. Which is the richest region in Brazil? Which is the poorest? 4. What and where is the Rio de la Plata? 5. What is the most important agricultural area in Argentina? CHAPTER 16 </li> <li> Slide 47 </li> <li> Review Jeopardy Game </li> <li> Slide 48 </li> <li> Credits All information and activities borrowed from Holt, Rinehart, and Winston; People, Places, and Change </li> </ul>